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Chapter 1 Foundations of Government
Terms in this set (40)
Which system of government is an indirect form of democracy, placing political decision making at least one step away from the people?
Which type of governmental system did the United States have in its earliest days?
What does an authoritarian regime become at its most extreme?
Which system of government is largely and American invention?
The executive and legislative branches of government are fused in which type of government?
Which system of government is represented by the illustration in the center of the graphic?
In a presidential system, the president is in charge of the
executive branch of government
The people are the ultimate source of authority in which governmental system?
Which form of government has been the most common throughout world history?
In an oligarchy, who runs the government?
small group of people
The form of government in which one person controls most of the governing decisions is an
The vast majority of the world's nations have which system of government?
Which of the following describes a confederal system?
the central government only has the powers given to it by the states
The power to carry out, enforce, and administer the law is known as
The supreme power of a state to act within its territory and have absolute authority over its internal and external affairs is called
Which of the following is a basic function of government?
ensuring national security
Rulers who are seen as right and proper by key segments of their nation's population have
Which philosopher argued that government must have great power to force obedience to its laws and to defend itself?
What three basic types of power do people in government exercise?
legislative, executive, judicial
Which of the following are characteristics of a state?
population and sovereignty
Which of the following is an example of providing for the public good?
maintaining a supply of clean water
Who said that life without government was like a war pitting each individual against the other?
The Chinese concept of "Mandate of Heaven" is an example of rule by
Which theory holds that the first governments formed as result of people agreeing among themselves to submit to the authority of a state?
social contract theory
Which philosopher believed that the formation of societies and government corrupted the human condition and introduced inequality?
Which power involves the authority to interpret the laws and to settle disputes between members of society?
Which of the following is another name for the term general welfare?
What societal characteristics is Alexis de Tocqueville describing?
commitment to the common good
What form of democracy are most democracies in large, industrialized nations?
What principle of American democracy is at work when two opposing groups relax some of their demands in an attempt to reach an agreement?
"All men are created equal" reflects the Founders' commitment to which principle?
Why did our nation's Founders believe deeply in safeguarding economic freed?
economic freedom allows people to build wealth
What is the function of government in a free enterprise system?
limiting its interference
In the early days of the American republic, people general thought of liberty as
What two ideals of democracy did Alexis De Tocqueville think must be kept in balance in order to prevent democratic despotism?
liberty and equality
Integral to the ideal of self-government is the notion that ultimate government authority comes from
Americans believe strongly that a balance should be struck between majority rule and
protecting minority rights
What principle of American democracy is exemplified when people vote, obey the law, serve on juries, keep informed about current, issues, or volunteer for social services?
The U.S. federal system consists of a national government and what other level of government?
The president heads which part of the government?
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