The Renaissance, Chapter 11
Terms in this set (40)
How did the mongols help increase trade between Europe and Asia?
making the silk road safe to travel again
What feature did Venice and Genoa share?
both import cities on the mediterranean sea
Which of the Italian cities was the wealthiest?
Describe Cosimo de Medici.
Powerful ruler of florence who valued education and culture
Which of Cosimo de Medici's personal values helped bring about the Renaisssance?
the wish that Florence should be the world's most beautiful city
What effect did the merchant families have on the Renaissance in the Italian cities?
families support arts in learning
What was "reborn" during the renaissance?
intrest in greek and roman wrtings, people as individuals
Describe humanist ideas.
classical ideas, abilities of humans, besides religion
What subjects were most important during the Renaissance?
history(classical writings of ancient Greece and Rome) , art, literature, public speaking
How did the Turks of the Byzantine empire help contribute to the Renaissance?
Scholars fled to Italy with ancient Italian and Greek wrtings that had been thought lost
Where were ancient Latin texts discovered?
in monasteries in Europe
What caused scholars to long for a renewal of Classical Culture?
the discovery of classical writings such as the work of Plato and Thucydides
What were the characteristics of Dante's The Divine Comedy?
Dante used the vernacular, or common language, to describe Italian society
Define the word vernacular.
the language used by people in everyday life
What did Machiavelli want to have an effect on?
method of showing a 3d scene on a flat surface so that it looks real
How did Leonardo da Vinci use science to make his art more realistic?
Da Vinci studied and sketched human bones and muscles
Who painted the Sistine Chapel?
How are classical and Renaissance statues alike?
both feature realistic and lifelike poses.
How did the growth of trade affect map-making?
as trade increased, Renaissance scholars used measurements taken by merchants to make accurate maps. make better maps
Petrarch's ideas helped people understand the importance of_______________.
What was the major reason that Renaissance ideas spread from Italy to northern Europe?
What was the most important feature of humanism in northern Europe?
Scholars combined humanist and religious ideas
Describe the reasons for the spread of new ideas beyond Italy.
paper printing and universities
What effect did the translation of the bible from Latin to vernacular have?
more people learn how to read
How did women in noble families help to spread Renaissance ideas?
encouraged spread of renaissance in husbands land
How did northern Renaissance art differ from Italian Renaissance art?
humans don't look like greek gods. instead they are realistic wiht physical flaws. real and clear objects in paintings. daily life
What artist made prints that are famous for realistic detail?
What is Miguel de Cervantes best known for?
What word best summarizes the Renaissance?
A city that played a key role in the beginning of the Renaissance
Invented a printing press with movable type
English playwright who wrote Romeo and Juliet
Ruler who helped make his city the center of Italian culture
Cosmo de Medici
Famed Italian artist who painted the Sistine Chapel ceiling
A method of showing a 3d scene on a flat surface
Italian poet who wrote his famous work, the Divine Comedy
The study of history, literature, and art that led to a new way of thinking
Italian trader whose writings about his travels sparked curiosity about Asia
A period that followed the Middle Ages and featured a love of art and education