APUSH Ch 30
Terms in this set (63)
Journalist who was head of the Committee on Public Information, this man used many techniques to persuade the public to support the war.
French commander of allied troops whose axiom was, "To make war is to attack."
Eugene V. Debs
Convicted under the Espionage Act in 1918 and sentenced to ten years in a federal penitentiary in Atlanta
Later elected president of the United States, this Quaker-humanitarian was the head of the Food Administration and attained an amazingly positive reputation all over the world for his help in feeding the hungry.
Henry Cabot Lodge
Interpreted Darwinism to mean that the earth belonged to the strong and the fit. He and President Wilson were enemies. Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations. He led the "reservationists" in Congress.
Warren G. Harding
29th U.S. President. 1921-1923 (Died of natural causes). Republican. Called for a return to normalcy.
unrestricted submarine warfare
Policy instituted by Germany that sank all ships (merchant and passenger) of countries not allied with Germany
Ability of a country to be free from foreign rule and decide for themselves their own government
Secret German message to Mexico (intercepted by the US) which offered to return to Mexico the lands it lost in the Mexican-American War if they attacked the US.
Industrial Workers of the World; a labor union for industrial laborers, this group performed industrial sabotage in pursuit of its goals. Openly opposed the Great War. Sometimes derided as the "I Won't Works." Victims of some of the shabbiest working conditions in the country. When they protested, many were viciously beaten, arrested, or run out of town. IWW leader William D. Haywood and ninety nine associates were convicted under the Espionage Act
War Industries Board
Headed by Bernard Baruch, this federal agency coordinated industrial production during World War I, setting production quotas, allocating raw materials, and pushing companies to increase efficiency and eliminate waste. Removed right after the war.
Committee on Public Information
Established by Woodrow Wilson and headed by George Creel, this was the Federal group that worked on producing and distributing pro-war propaganda to the US people.
Women get the right to vote in 1918
Espionage and Sedition Acts
Law which punished people for aiding the enemy or refusing military duty during World War 1. "disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language" about the American form of government, the Constitution, the flag, or the armed forces as criminal and worthy of prosecution.
Communists in Russia, seized power in 1917, retreated from war in 1918 allowing Germans to fight France in West
Draft for the Army. Forced service
1 million blacks went north for jobs and this gave them a new start
The first significant engagement of American troops in World War I—and, indeed, in any European war. To weary French soldiers, the American doughboys were an image of fresh and gleaming youth.
Influenza Epidemic of 1918
Global outbreak of a deadly type of flu. The movement of soldiers during WWI helped to spread the virus. 20-40% of people in the world are estimated to have become ill with the virus that attacked the young and healthy as well the weak. People sometimes felt fine in the morning and were dead by night. An estimated 675,000 people died in the U.S. and 50 million worldwide.
"peace without victory"
On January 22, 1917, Woodrow Wilson delivered an address, restating America's commitment to neutral rights and declaring that only a negotiated "peace without victory" would prove durable.
The first congress woman(House of Reps). She was from Montana
Men who toured the country and delivered short speeches and inspired patriotism
Derogatory term used to describe the 'barbaric' Central Powers as seen by the US people...They usually called the Germans this.
Names given to sauerkraut and hamburgers as a result of anti-German sentiments in America
"Big Bill" Haywood
WWI leader who was convicted under the Espionage Act.
Schenck v. United States
A legal case in which it was ruled that government can limit free speech if the speech posed a "clear and present danger" to the nation.
A Wall Street broker before being chosen by President Wilson in 1918 to head the War Industries Board. He helped the U.S. Manage war production.
"work or fight" rule
Threatened any unemployed male with being immediately drafted
Leader of the AF of L for almost his entire life, this man was very outspoken in favor of the war
Council of National Defense
Created by Wilson in 1915 to study problems of economic mobilization
A sustained increase in the general level of prices for goods and services
Major racial conflict that began in Chicago, Illinois on July 27, 1919 and ended on August 3. During the riot, dozens died and hundreds were injured.It is considered the worst of the approximately 25 riots during the Red Summer of 1919, so named because of the violence and fatalities across the nation. The combination of prolonged arson, looting and murder was the worst race rioting in the history of Illinois.
1919 steel strike
Greatest strike in American history, a quarter of a million steel workers went on strike. Caused a mass migration of African American workers to the north to fill in, and multiple riots and murders. Ended in the workers losing, major setback for unions
National Women's Party
Was formed in 1916. A more militant approach to gaining votes by some women. Took to streets with mass pickets, parades, and hunger strikes. Their leader was Alice Paul.
Woman's suffrage leader who helped form the National Woman's Party. Organized many walks and rallies.
Created in 1890 when the two leading suffragist organizations united and settled their differences. Led by Carrie Chapman Catt, this organization supported the War, saying that woman should do their part to ensure peace.
Emerged in the Department of Labor after the war to protect women in the workplace
Maternity Act of 1921. Provided federally financed instruction in maternal and infant health care
Headed by Herbert C. Hoover. Food-Created to feed wartime America and its allies. Fuel-encouraged Americans to save fuel with "heatless Mondays" "lightness nights" and "gasless sundays"
a patriotic effort to grow vegetables at home-whether in backyards or vacant lots
ships built of steel
Liberty Loan/Bond/Victory Loan
campaigns made by the Treasury Department that netted about $21 billion through the sale of war bonds that were used to support Allied forces
John Singer Sargent
American painter in England; drew flattering but superficial likeness to British nobility that made him "highly prized"
one of two of the only major battles America fought in WWI
One of the last Allied assaults. Undertaken by Pershing from September 26 to November 11 1918 to cut the German railroad lines feeding yhe western front
Alvin C. York
one of the most decorated American soldiers including medal of honor
member of the US Army or Marine Corps
opponents of the Treaty of Versailles
Treaty with France that started Germany's illegal rearming
Henry Lodge's take on the Versailles Treaty with 14 different parts
Woodrow Wilson's belief that the 1920 election would determine the fate of the Versailles Treaty
James M. Cox
Governor of Ohio and Democratic nominee in the 1920 election who strongly supported the League
beliefs of Wilson, people saw it as "high and mighty"
situation where one's gain is equivalent to another's loss
belief that laws can prohibit behavior
Wilson, Vittorio Orlando of Italy, George Clemenceau of France, and David Lloyd George of Great Britian
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WWI.
part of the Versailles Treaty that morally bound the US to aid any member victimized by external aggression
war payments for damage caused
loser of the war must pay reparations
Wilson's vision for post WWI peace and warm aims-most were rejected, but the League of Nations did become a reality
League of Nations
World parliament proposed by Wilson.
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