37 terms

poetry vocab for exam

all of the vocabulary from the poetry unit for the English 8th grade end of the year exam
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ode
poem with formal language; celebrates a single thing
ballad
a long narrative poem, regular rhyme scheme, usually about lost love, betrayal, or death
lyric
poem that expresses the thoughts of reelings of the author but does not tell a story
free verse
no set rhyme, meter, or line length
epic
long poem with a hero,a quest, and battles
elegy
poem honoring the dead
narrative
a category for poems that tells a story
sonnet
14 line poem with conventional rhyme scheme
allusion
reference to a famous person, place or thing
stanza
a unit of poetry with a set number of lines
onomatopoeia
words that imite their sound
end rhyme
rhyme at the ends of poetry lines
internal rhyme
rhyme withing a line of poetry
imagery
using words that appeal to the five senses
tone
the mood or attitude of the speaker
couplet
pair of rhyming lines, usually same length/meter
heroic couplet
2 rhyming lines of iambic pentameter
quatrain
stanza with 4 lines with rhythm and rhyme scheme
meter
rhythm; pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in poetry
foot
rhythmic unit (2 or 3 syllables) within a line of poetry
scansion
marking the metrical patterns in a line of poetry
alliteration
same starting sound
consoncance
repetition of consonants (often last ones) (blank/thick, strong/string)
theme
important idea or insight in the poem
speaker
the voice in the poem
iambic
2 syllable foot with accent on the 2nd syllable ( U / )
trochaic
2 syllable foot with the accent on the 1st syllable ( / U )
anapestic
3 syllable foot with the accent on the 3rd syllable ( U U / )
dactylic
3 syllable foot with the accent on the 1st syllable ( / U U )
monometer
one foot
dimeter
two feet
trimeter
three feet
tetrameter
four feet
pentameter
five feet
hexameter
six feet
heptameter
seven feet
octameter
eight feet