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History Alive - Hinduism 6th grade
Terms in this set (63)
to produce a change in something or someone
exact and detailed
One of the basic beliefs of Hinduism and refers to law, duty and obligation
one of the most famous ancient literary texts, tells about life in ancient India and offers role models in dharma
main character of the Ramayana
when Rama is a young boy, he is a
loving husband and responsible ruler
when Rama grows up he is a
a religion that developed in India over many centuries; that grew out of older traditions of the Vedic religion (Brahmanism)
Nomad people that migrated into Northern India
a collection of ancient writings viewed as sacred
an ancient Indian language
priest and religious scholars (held the highest place in society)
gods and goddesses
to judge the meaning of written or spoken words or an event
it was a way of life that affected how Indians lived, what they believed and taught that a well-organized society was divided into different social classes called the caste system
a class, or group, in Hindu society
Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras
The Vedas describe 4 main social classes, or varnas, they are:
rulers and warriors
herders and merchants
servants, farmers, and laborers (held the lowest place in society)
study and teach the Vedas
What was the duty of the Brahmins
become skilled with weapons
What was the duty of the Kshatriyas
Shudras (servants, farmers and laborers)
who was known as the untouchables?
descendants of the Shudras, meaning "suppressed" or "crushed" They could not enter temples or attend schools.
Indians were born into a certain _______ system, and they could not change it. Which meant they could only _________ within their own caste.
Today, this is outlawed in India
heavenly or god-like
the name of a supreme power or divine force in India, that some Hindus believe is greater than all other deities.
in many Indian traditions, including Hinduism, time moves forward in a ______ that never ends
repeating events that occur regularly
creating, destroying, and re-creating the universe
the work of Brahman the deity is constantly, doing what?
Ancient Hindus called the soul what?
Brahman, Vishnu and Shiva
3 important Hindu deities (gods)
elaborate rites and sacrifices outdoors
How did they communicate with their deities
size and design
Many Hindu temples today are magnificent in ___________ and ____________
the doors of an Hindu temple face which direction, toward the rising sun
carvings and sculptures
the Hindu temples are covered with beautiful_______ and ___________
Brahma controls this aspect of the universe, he ____________
Vishnu controls this aspect of the universe, he__________
Shiva controls this aspect of the universe, he ______________
the name of the goddess that embodies the female powers of the universe
the name of the evil spirit, demon girl that Rama has a fierce battle with in one of the stories found in the Ramayana.
good (light) winning over evil (darkness)
The rows of lamps at the Divali festival symbolizes what
row of lamps
This festival represents Rama's triumph over the evil Ravana, and the start of the New Year.
to perform one's duties and to live in a honorable way
To follow one's dharma means
"the way of one's kind"
varna dharma means
Early Hindus believed that when everyone followed the dharma of their varna, society would be in
marriage, sharing food with others, and caring for one's soul
Hindus are expected to follow 3 "common dharma's" or "set of values" which are
In Hindu traditions, reverence for life is symbolized by which animal?
cows provided people with things they needed, milk and butter, hides for clothing
Hindu's were taught not to kill their secret animal the "cow" .... why?
a belief that good and evil done in a past life determines the nature of that person's next life.
The law of Karma meant that the universe was __________ souls were rewarded or punished for the good and evil they had done
birth, death, rebirth
Hindus and many other Indians believe in a continuous cycle of what 3 things?
The cycle of birth, death and rebirth is known as what?
Samsara ends when the soul escapes from the cycle of _________ also known as reincarnation.
belief that a person's soul is reborn into a new body after death
a journey to a Holy Place
Known as one of the most Holy places in India
cleanse them of their sins
Many pilgrims believed the journey to the Ganges River would
devotion and purification
Modern Hindus bathe in the Ganges River as an act of ___________ and __________
The Aryans people migrated from what country
follow your dharma
how are you released from Samsara
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