38 terms

Stress Psychology Terms

STUDY
PLAY
stress
any adjustment demand that creates a state of tension or anxiety
stressor
anything that creates stress
eustress
good stress
distress
bad stress
frustration
being prevented from reaching a goal; a type of stressor
conflict
being faced with 2 or more incompatible wishes/desires; a type of stressor
SRRS
Social Readjustment Rating Scale; a type of stressor
hassles
small, petty, chronic annoyances; a type of stressor
uplift
the opposite of a hassle
predictability
knowing that you're going to experience something? (a type of stress mediator)
control
in charge of what's happening? (a type of stress mediator)
support system
someone or something that helps you cope (a type of stress mediator)
coping skills
actions that people take to master, tolerate, reduce or minimize the effects of stressors (a type of stress mediator)
physical
something to do with the body (headache, sweating, etc.); a type of stress reaction
behavioral
the action you take? (a type of stress reaction)
emotional
your emotional response to a situation? (a type of stress reaction)
primary appraisal
the first step in assessing a stress; estimating the severity of a stressor and classifying it as either a threat or a challenge
secondary appraisal
the second step in assessing a threat; estimating the resources available to the person for coping with the stressor
catastrophe
an unpredictable, large-scale event that creates a tremendous need to adapt and adjust as well as overwhelming feelings of threat
pressure
the psychological experiance produced by urgent demands or expectations for a person's behavior that come from an outside source
General Adaptation Syndrome
the 3 stages of the body's physiological reaction to stress, including alarm, resistance and exhaustion
immune system
the system of cells, organs and chemicals of the body that responds to attacks from diseases, infections and injuries
psychoneuroimmunology
study of the effects of psychological factors such as stress, emotions, thoughts and behavior on the immune system
type A personality
a person who is ambitious, time conscious, extremely hardworking and tends to have high levels of hostility and anger as well as being easily annoyed
type B personality
a person who is relaxed and laid-back, less driven and competitive than type A and slow to anger
type C personality
a pleasant but repressed person, who tends to internalize his or her anger and anxiety and who finds expressing emotions difficult
hardy personality
a person who seems to thrive on stress but lacks the anger and hostility of the type A personality
optimist
someone who always expects positive outcomes
pessimist
someone who always expects negative outcomes
burnout
negative changes in thoughts, emotions and behavior as a result of prolonged stress or frustration
acculturative stress
stress resulting from the need to change and adapt to a person's ways to the majority culture
problem focused
coping skills that try to eliminate the source of stress or reduce its impact through direct actions
emotion focused
coping skills that try to change the impact of a stressor by changing the emotional reaction to the stressor
defense mechanisms
unconscious distortions of a person's perception of reality that reduce stress and anxiety
displacement
redirecting feelings from a threatening target to a less threatening one
repression
psychological defense mechanism in which the person refuses to consciously remember a threatening or unacceptable event, instead pushing those events into the unconscious mind
compensation
defense mechanism in which a person makes up for inferiorities in one area by becoming superior in another area
mediation
mental series of exercises meant to refocus attention and achieve a trancelike state of consciousness