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27 terms

PSY101-CH.13-TERMS

STUDY
PLAY
PSYCHOTHERAPY
treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth
BIOMEDICAL THERAPY
prescribed medications or medical procedures
ECLECTIC APPROACH
an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy
PSYCHOANALYSIS
Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences-and the therapist's interpretations of them-released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight
RESISTANCE
in pschoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material
INTERPRETATION
in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistance, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight
TRANSFERENCE
in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent)
PSYCHODYNAMIC THERAPY
a Freud-influenced perspective that sees behavior, thinking, and emotions in terms of unconscious motives
CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY
a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to promote clients' growth. (also called person-centered therapy)
ACTIVE LISTENING
empathic listening in which the listerner echoes, restates, and clarities. a feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy
BEHAVIOR THERAPY
therapy that applies learning principals to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
CONTERCONDITIONING
a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors, includes exposure therapies and aversive conditioning
EXPOSURE THERAPIES
behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actual situations) to the things they fear and avoid
SYSTEMATIC DESENSITIZATION
a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing, anxiety-triggering stimuli. commonly used to treat phobias
VIRTUAL REALITY EXPOSURE THERAPY
an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to electronic simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking
AVERSIVE CONDITIONING
a type of counterconditioninig that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol)
TOKEN ECONOMY
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for privileges or treats
COGNITIVE THERAPY
therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
COGNITIVE-BEHAVIOR THERAPY
a popular integreated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)
FAMILY THERAPY
therapy that threats the family as a system. views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members
ANTIPSYCHOTIC DRUGS
drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorders
ANTIANXIETY DRUGS
drugs used to control anxiety and agitation
ANTIDEPRESSANT DRUGS
drugs used to treat depression and some anxiety disorders. different types work by altering the availability of various neurotransmitters
ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY (ECT)
a biomedical tyerapy for severly depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
REPETITIVE TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION (rTMS)
the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity
PSYCHOSURGERY
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
LOBOTOMY
a psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. the procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain