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self-governed in domestic affairs but remained part of Britain


Polynesian people who had settled on New Zealand's island around 800 ad, culture: farming, hunting, and fishing


populated Australia, nomadic peoples that fished, hunted, and gathered food

penal colony

place where convicts were sent to serve their sentences as alternative prison

home rule

local control over internal matters only


1st countrt to colonize canada

Great britain

took possession of canada after French & Indian war in 1736


roman catholic, Lower Canada (now Quebec)


protestant, Upper Canada (now Ontario)

British Parliament

in 1791 created 2 new Canadian provinces with elected assembly with limited power (english and french)

Royal governor and wealthy British

held most power in colonies

John MacDonald

canadas first prime minister, quickly expanded Canada westward by purchasing lands and persuading frontier territories to join the Canadian union. Canada stretched to the Pacific Ocean by 1871. ________ also began the construction of a transcontinental railroad to unite distant parts of the dominion.

Durhams Report

urged two major reforms.First, Upper and Lower Canada should be reunited as the Province of Canada, and British immigration should be encour- aged. In this way, Durham said, the French would slowly become part of the dominant English culture. Second, colonists in the provinces of Canada should be allowed to govern themselves in domestic matters. Parliament should regulate only in matters of for- eign policy. Within ten years, both proposals had been carried out.

James Cook

British sea captain
1769 claimed New Zealand (made peace with maori)
1770 claimed Australia

sheep wool

became Australia's biggest business.

Commonwealth of Australia

In 1901, the Australian colonies were united under a federal constitution

secret ballot

first used in australia

new Zealand

first allowed women to vote

Catholic Emancipation Act

in 1829, This law restored many rights to Catholics.






the official language became english, and the church became protestant in _____

great famine

one of the worst famines of modern history. Irish peasants had depended on potatoes and a plant fungus ruined nearly all of Ireland's potato crop. Out of a population of 8 million, about a million people died from starvation and disease over the next few years.

Eamon De Valera

irish nationalist leader

northern ireland

in 1921, remained part of great britain

souther ireland

in 1921 was granted home rule, and became a dominion called the Irish Free State

Republic of Ireland

In 1949, the Irish Free State declared itself the _____.

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