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Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
The class of distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law.
A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
During the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
Form of a tribal religion that involved community acceptance of a shaman, a religious leader, healer, and worker of magic who, through special powers, can intercede with and interpret the spirit world.
Special forms of ethnic religions distinguished by their small size, their unique identity with localized culture groups not yet fully absorbed into modern society, and their close ties to nature.
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