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The outer periphery of the intervertebral disk composed of strong fibrous tissue is called the:

Annulus fibrosus

Sports movements that characteristically hyperextend the lumbar spine are likely to cause:

3 Which of the following portions of the spine have a convex curve anteriorly?
*A. Cervical, lumbar
B. Thoracic, sacrococcygeal
C. Cervical, thoracic
D. Lumbar, sacrococcygeal

is a condition that is characterized by wedge fractures, disk space abnormalities, and degeneration of vertebral epiphyseal end plates is seen in:

Scheuermann's disease

Which of the following postures results from an increased curve in the lumbar spine?


Most serious cervical injuries in football result from purposeful:

Axial loading as a result of spearing

A syndrome characterized by the narrowing of the spinal canal that can impinge the spinal cord resulting in burning and tingling bilaterally is known as:

Spinal stenosis

Which of the following is (are) sign(s) of cervical neck fracture?


Cervical pain


Neck point tenderness


Cervical muscle spasm


All of the above

The most discernible difference between a cervical dislocation and a cervical fracture is:

Position of the neck

3.3 / 3.3 points

Which lumbar vertebra is most likely to slip as a result of spondylolisthesis?


As the spinal segments progress downward they grow increasingly larger to accommodate the upright posture of the body.


The cervical and lumbar regions of the spine allow for extension and flexion.


Spondylolysis refers to a breaking down of a vertebra and, more commonly, a defect in the pars intermedia of the articular processes of the vertebrae.


3.3 / 3.3 points

The muscle most responsible for holding the abdominal contents in place and aiding in forced expiration is the

Transverse abdominis

The organ that serves as a reservoir of red blood cells and a destroyer of ineffective red cells is the:

Answer: D
Page: 829

A protrusion of the abdominal viscera through a portion of the abdominal wall is called a(n):


Getting the "wind knocked out" of you is characteristic of a:

Blow to the solar plexus

Which of the following conditions predisposes an athlete to injuries of the spleen?


The danger associated with a ruptured spleen is its:

Ability to splint itself, producing delayed hemorrhage

Any athlete who receives a severe blow to the abdomen or back region should be instructed to check for:

Blood in the urine

A direct blow to the anterolateral aspect of the thorax, or a sudden twist, or falling on the ball, can compress the rib cage and can result most often in a:

Costochondral separation

A condition in which the pleural cavity becomes filled with air that has entered through an opening in the chest is called:


The solid organs, which are contained in the abdominal viscera, consist of the:

Kidneys, spleen, liver, adrenal glands, and pancreas

Abdominal rigidity and pain at McBurney's point may indicate:


The kidneys are situated on each side of the spine. Pressure from the liver causes:

The right kidney to be lower

The condition in which an athlete takes a violent blow or compression to the chest, without any accompanying rib fracture, and presents with severe pain during breathing, coughing up of blood, and shock is known as:


Which of the following results in cardiac arrest due to blunt traumatic impact to the chest?

Commotio Cordis

Hematuria in an athlete participating in contact or collision sports is a sign or symptom of:

A kidney contusion

Pain that radiates to the left shoulder and 1/3rd of the way down the left arm is displaying:

Kehr's sign for a ruptured spleen

Which of the following can be used as a treatment for a stitch in the side?

Stretch arm on the affected side overhead

When testing for balance, if an athlete is unable to keep eyes closed and is unable to maintain balance they are considered to have a:

Positive Romberg's sign

Which of the meninges is extremely delicate and attached to the spinal cord?


An athlete who starts to exhibit symptoms of giddiness, attention difficulties,
anxiety, and headaches hours or days after a collision may be considered to have:

Postconcussion syndrome

All of the following are ways to manage a fractured tooth EXCEPT:

Attempt to reattach the fracture piece

Trauma to the helix fossa, or concha of the ear, that results in tearing of the overlying tissue from the cartilaginous plate and results in fluid accumulation is commonly referred to as:

Auricular hematoma

Which of the following fractures is the third most common and results in epistaxis and diplopia as well as numbness of the cheek?


Which of the following symptoms are not indicative of a serious eye injury?

Excessive watering of the eye

Which anatomical part of the eye is responsible for the production of tears?

Lacrimal glands

Of the three meninges, the outermost, consisting of a dense, fibrous, inelastic sheath that encloses the brain and cord, is the:

Dura mater

When evaluating an unconscious athlete you would first:

Look for the possibility of impaired breathing

After the head is struck, the brain continues to move in the fluid and may be contused against the opposite side, causing this type of injury:


Which of the following is used to detect a corneal abrasion?

Flourescien strip

Which of the following should not be done when managing a bleeding nose?

Tilt the head back to decrease bleeding

Which of the following describes the inability of an athlete to remember events after the injury has occurred?

Posttraumatic amnesia

An orbital fracture of the eye:

Can result in double vision

Which of the following eye injuries is painless and results in the athlete seeing floating specks, flashes of light and having blurred vision?

Detached retina

Which of the following can be prevented by using a solution of 3% boric acid and alcohol?

Otitis externa

Which of the following tests is NOT used to test coordination following a head injury?

Romberg test

Management of an avulsed tooth includes all the following EXCEPT:

Scrub the tooth with a sterile gauze pad to get the dirt off

Which of the following can occur if an athlete who has sustained a previous concussion, is returned to play prior to resolution of symptoms, and receives another head injury?

Second-impact syndrome

The mandating of mouth guards in football has decreased the number of dental injuries and all contact/collision athletes should wear one.


Acute conjunctivitis is extremely contagious and results in red, itchy, and watery eyes.


A hyphema is a collection of blood within the anterior chamber of the eye.


Unequal pupil size following a head injury is always a sign of significant brain damage from the injury.


An epidural hematoma is caused by the tearing of the veins that bridge the dura mater to the brain.


An acute subdural hematoma is caused by an arterial bleed and is a common cause of death in athletes.


Following a cerebral injury, an athlete may be returned to competition even if he or she has a slight headache as long as other neurological and vasomotor functions are normal.


If a facial laceration occurs at the brow line, the eye brow should be shaved off in order to afford better closure of the wound.


Most common sign of a mandibular fracture is loss of normal occlusion.


When removing something from the eye, the athlete should not rub the eye, but instead should pull the top lid over the bottom lid causing the eye to tear, which may flush out the object.


The balance error scoring system (BESS) is a quantifiable clinical test which is recommended over the romberg test for assessing an athletes balance.


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