Goleman suggested that EI included 5 specific abilities:
1. Awareness of our own feelings
2. Ability to regulate emotions, especially negative ones
3. Ability to control one's impulses
4. Ability to decode social & emotional cues of others
5. Ability to influence and guide others without incurring anger, resentment
Goleman suggested that EI may explain why some people with a lot of academic intelligence do not appear to have practical intelligence.
Goleman defined EI very broadly and did not come up with good measure (EI is commonly measured via self-report even though it is defined as a kind of "intelligence" or "ability")
EI is also referred to EQ (parallels IQ)
EI has become quite popular among the
public and researchers
Mayer & colleagues (2000) proposed that EI involves the ability to reason with and about emotions.
They've been critical of EI tests that use self-reports, which they note is like creating an intelligence test that asks test takers, "Do you think you're smart?"
Thus, Mayer & colleagues explicitly designed EI tests in an intelligence/ability testing tradition
Total EI score, 4 branch scores: 1) Identifying Emotions, 2) Using Emotions, 3) Understanding Emotions, & 4) Managing Emotions