APUSH Chapter 22 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (48)
Adkins v. Children's Hospital
The 1923 Supreme Court case that voided a minimum wage for women workers in the District of Columbia, reversing many of the gains that had been achieved through the groundbreaking decision in Muller v Oregon
A system of labor relations that stressed management's responsibility for employees' well-being
A term for anticommunist hysteria that swept the US, first after WWI, and led to a series of government raids on alleged subversives and a suppression of civil liberties
A series of raids led by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer on radical organizations that peaked in January 1920, when federal agents arrested six thousand citizens and aliens and denied them access to legal counsel
Sheppard- Towner Federal Maternity and Infancy Act
The first federally funded health-care legislation that provided federal funds for medical clinics, prenatal education programs, and visiting nurses.
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
An organization founded by women activists in 1919; its members denounced imperialism, stressed the human suffering caused by militarism, and proposed social justice measures
A system of voluntary business cooperation with government. The Commerce Department helped create two thousand trade associations representing companies in almost every major industry
nickname for scandal in which Interior Secretary Albert Fall accepted $300,000 in bribes for leasing oil reserves on public land in Teapot Dome, Wyoming. It was part of a larger pattern of corruption that marred Warren G. Harding's presidency
policy emphasizing the connection between America's economic and political interests overseas. Business would gain from diplomatic efforts in its behalf, while the strengthened American economic presence overseas would give added leverage to America diplomacy
The ban on the manufacture and sale of alcohol that went into effect in January 1920 with the eighteenth amendment. Prohibition was repealed in 1933
(ACLU) American Civil Liberties Union
an organization formed during the Red Scare to protect free speech rights
The 1925 trial of John Scopes, a biology teacher in Dayton, Tennessee, for violating his state's ban on teaching evolution. The trial created a nationwide media frenzy and came to be seen as a showdown between urban and rural values.
National Origins Act
a 1924 law limiting annual immigration from each country to no more than 2 percent of that nationality's percentage of the US population as it had stood in 1890. The law severely limited immigration, especially from Southern and Eastern Europe
Ku Klux Klan
secret society that first undertook violence against African Americans in the South after the Civil War but was reborn in 1915 to fight the perceived threats posed by African Americans, immigrants, radicals, feminists, Catholic, and Jews
A flourishing of African American artists, writers, intellectuals, and social leaders in the 1920s centered in the neighborhoods of Harlem, New York City
Unique American musical form, developed in New Orleans and other parts of the South before WWI. Jazz musicians developed an ensemble improvisational style
(UNIA) Universal Negro Improvement Association
A harlem-based group, led by charismatic, Jamaican-born Marcus Garvey, that arose in the 1920s to mobilize African American workers and champion black separaatism
the idea that people of African descent, in all parts of the world, have a common heritage and destiny and should cooperate in political action
The phrase coined by writer Gertrude Stein to refer to young artists and writers who had suffered through WWI and felt alienated from America's mass-culture society in the 1920s
new forms of borrowing, such as auto loans and installment plans, that flourished in the 1920s but helped trigger the Great Depression
city in the LA area of California where, by the 1920s, nearly 90 percent of all films in the world were produced
a young woman of the 1920s who defied conventional standards of conduct by wearing short skirts and makeup, freely spending the money she earned on the latest fashions, dancing to jazz, and flaunting her liberated lifestyle
The exercise of popular cultural influence abroad, as American radio and movies became popular around the world in the 1920s, transmitting American cultural ideals overseas.
A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General who rounded up many suspects who were thought to be un-American and socialistic; he helped to increase the Red Scare; he was nicknamed the "Fighting Quaker" until a bomb destroyed his home; he then had a nervous breakdown and became known as the "Quaking Fighter."
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
Italian born anarchists, arrested in 1920 for alleged murder and robbery, executed in 1927
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
A Jewish man charged with the murder of Mary Phagan. Originally sentenced to death but Governor reduced to life in prison. Tom Watson led a public outcry and a group of angry men kidnapped Frank from jail and lynched him. His case led to rebirth of KKK in GA
Zora Neale Hurston
African American writer and folklore scholar who played a key role in the Harlem Renaissance
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
African American leader during the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
Innovative creator of Paramount as a major movie studio.
What was the Republican vision of "normalcy" and how did the Harding and Coolidge administrations seek to realize it?
Republicans ceased to promise progressive reforms and instead aimed to settle into traditional patterns of government- return to big business, pro-business, anti-tax, and anti-regulation.
What factors contributed to the economic boom of the 1920s and the crash that followed?
were the Republican government's policies of Isolationism and Protectionism, the Mellon Plan, the Assembly line and the mass production of consumer goods such as the Ford Model T Automobile and luxury labor saving devices and access to easy credit on installment plans.
What domestic and global factors helped cause the Great Depression?
Bolsheviks Revolution. U.S. blamed workers
What criticisms of mainstream culture did modernist American writers offer in the 1920s?
"The Lost Generation" Criticizing the brutality of war. Hemmingway & Fitzgerald. Gertrude Stein. T.S. Eliott. Exploring the dark side of the human psyche.
How did the Great Migration lead to flourishing African American culture, politics , and intellectual life, and what form did these activities take?
Issues of cultural identity as well as social and political tension in a segregated culture gave rise to a flowering of the arts in Harlem.
What were the economic goals of US foreign policymakers in the 1920s
Business grew larger, some of these jobs improved people's standard of living, businesses & their bosses made huge profits but workers did not.
Causes of the Great Depression
Supply and Demand, Stock Market Crash, Mass production. Gold Standard.
Head of the National Woman's party that campaigned for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution. She opposed legislation protecting women workers because such laws implied women's inferiority. Most condemned her way of thinking.
A mob king in Chicago who controlled a large network of speakeasies with enormous profits. His illegal activities convey the failure of prohibition in the twenties and the problems with gangs.
A famed criminal defense lawyer for Scopes, who supported evolution. He caused William Jennings Bryan to appear foolish when Darrow questioned Bryan about the Bible. (1920s)
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
Zora Neal Hurston
Their Eyes Were Watching God
F. Scott Fitzgerald
The Great Gatsby
a type of credit granted by retailers that is used by individuals or families for satisfaction of their own wants
an American actress who rose to stardom in the silent film era of the 1920s; her acting artistry and high spirits made her the premier flapper; leading sex symbol of the roaring twenties
a persuasive approach to international relations, typically involving the use of economic or cultural influence.