Sacraments Unit 1

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adoration
to have a deep love for something or to worship. Adoration is a type of prayer.
advent
the first season of the Christian church year, leading up to Christmas and includes the four Sundays beforehand.
Ascension
the event of Jesus going to Heaven to sit at the right hand of God
blessing
to have God's protection from evil and to know he is always by your side
Christmas
the birth of Jesus and the end of advent. December 25th
contemplation
to be in deep thought about something. There is a type of prayer called contemplation prayer were you are one with God in deep thought.
Council of Trent
maybe one of the most important ecumenical councils to the church. Prompted by the Protestant Reformation, it has been described as the embodiment of the Counter-Reformation.
Easter
the rising of Christ from the dead. changes depending on moon
Eastern Catholic Liturgies
Catholic Churches in union with Rome with their own liturgical, theological, and administrative traditions and whose origins are in Eastern Europe or the Middle East such a Constantinople the capital of eastern rome.
efficacious
in producing a desired or intended result; effective.
epiphany
the manifestation of Christ to the Gentiles as represented by the Magi. it is also a sudden realization.
Grace
underserved given gift or act of love.
Great Schism
the event that divided "Chalcedonian" Christianity into Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. It happened in 1378
incarnate
refers how Jesus had to become fully human, living flesh to save us from our sins
icon
a painting of holy figures typically Mary, Jesus and the saints. typically in a traditional style on wood, venerated and used as an aid to devotion in the Byzantine and other Eastern Churches.
Intercession
Praying a prayer on behalf of another person.
Invocation
at Mass, the act of calling on God through various prayers in the Mass
Lent
a 40-day period of preparation for Easter Sunday and one of the major liturgical seasons of the Catholic Church. Often involves giving up a thing that distracts you from God during this period.
liturgy
the Church's public worship of God through which Christ continues the work of our redemption by means of the church's celebration of the Paschal Mystery in which he accomplished our salvation
Liturgy of the Word
the first major part of a Mass service that includes the readings homily, profession of faith, and prayer of the faithful
Liturgical Year
is a cycle of the liturgical seasons and determines what day scriptures will be read and what day feast will be on and other such things.
Maronite Rite
is an Eastern Catholic Church in full communion with the Pope of Rome.
mass
where Catholics gather to worship together as a community
mystery
A portion of the rosary.
ordinary time
a season of the Christian liturgical calendar, called ordinary time because often no major feast are being held, particularly the calendar of the ordinary form of the Roman rite of the Catholic Church.
orthodox church
A large community of local and connected christian churches that are in communion with the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople; Byzantine Church.
Paschal Mystery
the mystery of, and events involved in our Redemption:The Passion, Death, Resurrection, and glorious ascension of Jesus when he gave his life to save us from sin
Pentecost
the fiftieth day after Easter, and the day after the Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus, when the Holy Spirit descended on the Apostles fulfilling Christ's promise. Is a feast day
Peter Lombard
was a scholastic theologian, Bishop of Paris, and author of Four Books of Sentences, which became a standard for catholic text books for teaching the catholic religion
petition
prayers to have God help others who are in need of his grace
Praise
words or song that are used to show greatness of God.
Prayer
A personal conversation with God.
Ritual
an established procedure for a religious or other rite of the Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
the Christian church of which the pope, or bishop of Rome, is the supreme head. Has spread all over the world.
Sabbath
a day of religious observance and abstinence from work, kept by Jews from Friday evening to Saturday evening, and by most Christians on Sunday. A day set aside to pay respect to God almighty
Sacrament
An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us through the work of the Holy Spirit
sacrament
a Christian rite recognized as of particular importance and significance. There are various views on the existence and meaning of such rites.
Sacraments of initiation
the three sacraments that gets someone accepted in the church
Sacrament of Healing
sacraments that help people repair their relationship with God
Sacraments at the Service of Communion
the sacraments of Holy Orders and Matrimony, these sacraments set the foundation for the common vocations of all Christ's follower, they are directed to serving others including families, church members and the broader world
Sacramentals
These are not sacraments but somewhat in imitation of the sacraments, they are sacred signs by which spiritual effect especially are signified and obtained by their intercession
Sacramental View
a Christian rite that is believed to have been ordained by Christ and that is held to be a means of divine grace or to be a sign or symbol of a spiritual reality.
Scripture
the sacred writings, the actual word of God. Written in the bible
Sign
something that points to another reality and means what it signifies
symbol
an object or action that points to another reality and manifests that reality
tradition
the transmission of customs or beliefs from generation to generation, or the fact of being passed on in this way
triduum
the period of three days that begins with the liturgy on the vigil of Good Friday and ends with evening prayer on Easter Sunday
trinity
the Christian Godhead as one God in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
vocal prayer
prayer using words either out loud or silently and use your whole spirit to offer up your prayer to God.
Worship
adoration, homage, respect, and honor given to God, which is the first act of the virtue of religion.
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