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Chapter 17

STUDY
PLAY
Emancipation Proclamation
freed all slaves in the Confederate territory
54th Massachusetts Regiment
most famous African-American regiment in the Civil War
Copperheads
Northern Democrats who favored peace with the South
conscription
required military service, the draft
bounty
money given as a reward to encourage enlistment in the army
income tax
tax on earnings
greenbacks
new paper currency issued in the North
Clara Barton
"angel of the battlefield," founded the Red Cross
Belle Boyd
most famous Confederate spy
Andersonville
prisoner of war camp in Georgia, the worst in the South
General George B. McClellan
This man was the first General of the Union forces - he blamed Lincoln (and others) for his failures and ran against Lincoln for President in 1864.
Battle of Gettysburg
Turning point of the Civil War that made it clear the North would win. In it 50,000 people were killed, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.
Pickett's Charge
famous attempt by the South to reclaim the advantage during the Battle of Gettysburg, thousands of men are killed trying to charge up Cemetary Ridge, called "the high tide of the Confederacy"
Seige of Vicksburg
Turning point; Union Gen. Grant takes control of the Mississippi
William Tecumseh Sherman
Union General who destroyed South during "march to the sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, example of total war
Appomattox Court House
famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant
Thirteenth Amendment
the constitutional amendment ratified after the Civil War that forbade slavery and involuntary servitude.
John Wilkes Booth
was an American stage actor who, as part of a conspiracy plot, assassinated Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865.
Gettysburg Address
a 3-minute speech by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery
total war
Type of war in which an army destroys its opponent's ability to fight by attacking civilian and economic, as well as military, targets.