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known as Mecca, became the largest and richest city. It was a crossroads for merchants,and was also an important religious site. THe holiest place inArabia was in this city.


a low square building surrounded by statues of gods and goddesses. Arabs believed that the great stone in this site was from heaven.


"the city of the prophet"


Desert herders who took their camel, goats, and sheep from oasis to oasis.


the founder of the Islam religion; to Muslims, Muhammad is the ultimate and final prophet


green areas fed by underground water


the tribe's head


a group of traveling merchants and animals


holy book for the is lams that taught how muslims should live

the five pillars of islam

belief: muslims must declare that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is his Prophet
Prayer: Muslims must pray five times a day facing toward Makkah.
Charity: Muslims must give tot he poor
Fasting: Muslims must not eat or drink from dawn to dusk in the sacred month of Ramadan
Pilgrimage: Muslims must visit Makkah once int heir life

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