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Sadlier Oxford Level F Units 7-9

STUDY
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acrimonious
adj. stinging, bitter in temper or tone
bovine
adj. resembling a cow or ox; sluggish, unresponsive
consternation
n. dismay, confusion
corpulent
adj. fat; having a large, bulky body
disavow
v. to deny responsibility
dispassionate
adj. impartial; calm, free from emotion
dissension
n. disageement, sharp difference of opinion
dissipate
v. to cause to disappear; to scatter, dispel; to send foolishly, squander; to be extravagant in pursuit of pleasure
expurgate
v. to remove objectionable passages or words from a written text; to cleanse, purify
gauntlet
n. an armored or protective glove; a challenge; two lines of men armed with weapons with which to beat a person forced to run between them; an ordeal
hypothetical
adj. based on an assumption or guess; used as a provisional or tentative idea to guide or direct investigation
ignoble
adj. mean, low, base
impugn
v. to call into question; to attack as false
intemperate
adj. immoderate, lacking in self-control; inclement
odium
n. hatred, contempt; disgrace or infamy resulting from hateful conduct
perfidy
n. faithlessness, treachery
relegate
v. to place in a lower position; to assign, refer, turn over; to banish
squeamish
adj. inclined to nausea; easily shocked or upset; excessively fastidious or refined
subservient
adj. subordinate in capacity or role; submissively obedient; serving to promote some end
susceptible
adj. open to; easily influenced; lacking in resistance
Abate
DEFINITION: to make less in amount, degree to subside become less to nullify deduct omit SYNONYMS: Diminish decrease subside let up ANTONYMS: intensify increase magnify wax
Adulation
DEFINITION: praise or flattery that is excessive SYNONYMS: Adoration Idolization hero-worship ANTONYMS: ridicule derision scorn odium
Anathema
DEFINITION: An object of intense dislike a curse or strong denunciation (often used adjectivally without the article) SYNONYMS: Malediction Imprecation Abomination ANTONYMS: Benediction blessing
Astute
DEFINITION: Shrewd crafty showing practical wisdom SYNONYMS: shrewd acute sagacious judicious wily ANTONYMS: obtuse doltish empty-headed dumb
Avarice
DEFINITION: a greedy desire particularly for wealth SYNONYMS: Cupidity rapacity acquisitiveness
Culpable
deserving blame, worthy of condemnation SYNONYMS: guilty delinquent peccant blameworthy ANTONYMS: blameless innocent laudable meritorious
Dilatory
tenting to delay or procrastinate, not prompt; intended to delay or postpone SYNONYMS: stalling slow tardy laggard ANTONYMS: prompt punctual speedy expeditious
Egregious
DEFINITION: Conspicuous, standing out from the mass SYNONYMS: Glaring Flagrant blatant ANTONYMS: Unnoticeable Paltry Piddling
Equivocate
DEFINITION: to speak or act in a way that allows for more than one interpretation; to be deliberately vague or ambiguous SYNONYMS: to talk out of both sides of one's mouth palter hedge ANTONYMS: to speak one's mind plainly
Evanescent
DEFINITION: Vanishing soon passing away light airy SYNONYMS: ephemeral transient transitory ANTONYMS: everlasting immortal imperishable
Irresolute
DEFINITION: unable to make up one's mind hesitating SYNONYMS: indecisive vacillating wavering ANTONYMS: determined decisive unwavering
Nebulous
DEFINITION: cloudlike resembling a cloud cloudy in color not transparent vague confused indistinct SYNONYMS: hazy fuzzy cloudy vague murky opaque indeterminate ANTONYMS: definite distinct clear sharply focused
Novice
DEFINITION: one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience SYNONYMS: neophyte tyro trainee apprentice ANTONYMS: veteran past master pro expert
Penury
DEFINITION: extreme poverty barrenness insufficiency SYNONYMS: destitution want indigence ANTONYMS: affluence abundance luxury opulence
Pretentious
DEFINITION: done for show striving to make a big impression claiming merit or position unjustifiably making demands on one's skill or abilities ambitious SYNONYMS: inflated ostentatious affected ANTONYMS: unassuming unaffected modest
Recapitulate
DEFINITION: to review a series of facts to sum up SYNONYMS: review summarize sum up go over
Resuscitate
DEFINITION: To revive bring back to consciousness or existence SYNONYMS: Revitalize reanimate restore
Slovenly
DEFINITION: untidy dirty careless SYNONYMS: unkempt slatternly slipshod lax ANTONYMS: neat tidy careful meticulous
Supposition
DEFINITION: something that is assumed or taken for granted without conclusive evidence SYNONYMS: assumption presumption hypothesis
Torpid
DEFINITION: inactive sluggish dull SYNONYMS: sluggish lethargic otiose languid ANTONYMS: energetic dynamic vigorous
redoubtable
inspiring fear or awe, illustrious, eminent
prate
to talk a great deal in a foolish or aimless fashion
vulnerable
open to attack, capable of being wounded or damaged, unprotected
desecrate
to commit sacrilege upon, treat irreverently, to contaminate, the cemetery
austere
severe or stern in manner, withou adornment or luxury, simple, plain, harsh or sour in flavor
cadaverous
pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse
stalwart
strong and sturdy, brave, resolute, one who takes an uncompromising position
infraction
a breaking or a law or obligation
punctillious
very careful and exact, attentive to find points of etiquette or propriety
crass
coarse, unfeeling; stupid
grandiose
grand in an impressive or stately way, marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated
beneficent
performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits, doing go
inconsequential
trifling, unimportant
mitigate
to make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity
disconcert
to confuse; to disturb the composure of
reprove
to find fault with, scold, rebuke
debase
to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cuase to deteriorate
pillage
to rob of goods by open force (as in war), plunder;
restitution
the act of restoring someone or something to the rightful owner or to a former state or position; making good on a loss or damage
concoct
to prepare by combining ingredients, make up (as a dish); to devise, invent, fabricate