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Desert herders who went from oases to oases to find water fort for their camels, goats, and sheep.


Villagers who handled most of trade.


-Became the richest and largest crossroad for merchants
-Also known as Mecca


-A low square building surrounded by statues of gods and goddesses.
-Was believed that the great stone inside was from heaven.


People who travel to a holy place.


Means "Surrender to the will of Allah"


-The journey of Muhammad and his followers to Yathrib.
-Means "breaking off relationships".

Islamic State

A government that uses its political power to uphold Islam.

A.D. 622

The first year of the new Muslim calendar.


Holy book of Islam.

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