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Fundamental Poetic Elements - Francisco Salazar
Terms in this set (66)
A patterned form of verbal or written expression of ideas in concentrated, imaginative, and rhythmical, terms.
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables established in a line of poetry.
A unit of meter, which may have two or three syllables.
Important notes are...
1. A line may have one or more feet. 2. Poetic lines are classified according to the number of feet per line. 3. The basic types of metrical feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables.
A two-syllable foot with the stress on the second syllable (the most common foot in English).
A stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable.
Three syllables with the stress on the last.
Three syllables with the stress on the first.
Two stressed syllables. Compound words are examples of spondees. Spondees are used for variation.
Two unstressed syllables. This type is rare and is found interspersed with other feet.
One foot per line.
Two feet per line.
Three feet per line.
Four feet per line.
Five feet per line.
Six feet per line.
Seven feet per line.
Eight feet per line.
End rhyme and usually with a regular meter.
Lines of iambic pentameter without end rhyme.
Lines do not have a regular meter and do not contain rhyme.
Rhyme (also "rime")
Repetition of sounds at the end of words
The similarity of sound occurs at the end of two or more lines of verse.
The similarity of sound occurs between two or more words within the same line of verse.
Kinds of rhyme
Based on a number of syllables presenting a similarity.
When one syllable of word rhymes with another word (bend, send; bright, light)
Feminine (double rhyme)
The last two syllables of a word rhyme with another word (lawful and awful, lightning and fighting, rattling and battling).
The last three syllables of a word or line rhyme (victorious and glorious).
The pattern or sequence in which the rhyme occurs. The first sound is designated as a, the second as b, and so on.
The repetition of the initial consonant sound in two or more words in a line of verse.
The use of a word to represent or imitate natural sounds.
The similarity or repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words.
The repetition of consonant sounds within a line of verse.
The repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza. The refrain often takes the form of a chorus.
The reiterating of a word or phrase within a poem.
A direct comparison between two usually unrelated things, indicating a similarity between some attribute found in both.
An implied comparison between two usually unrelated things indicating a likeness or analogy between attributes found in both things.
Giving human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas, or animals.
Mentioning a part of something to represent the whole.
The substitution of a word naming an object for another word closely associated with it.
An exaggeration for the sake of emphasis and not to be taken literally.
An understatement achieved by saying the opposite of what one means or by making an affirmation by stating the fact in the negative. Can be considered the opposite of hyperbole.
A balancing or contrasting of one term against another.
The addressing of someone or something, usually not present, as though present.
A word or image that signifies something other than what it literally represents.
A reference to a familiar character or incident without explanation.
The literal meaning is intended to mean the opposite of what is stated.
An appeal to any of the five senses.
A stanza is a division of a poem based on thought or form. Stanzas based on form are marked by their rhyme schemes. Stanzas are known by the number of lines they contain.
Two lines of verse that rhyme (a-a).
Three line stanza or three lines of verse in a larger unit that usually rhymes (a-a-a)
Four rhymed lines. Rhyme takes various forms. This is most common stanza form in English.
A five line stanza that may have any one of several rhyme schemes.
Six line stanza; sometimes used to refer to the last six lines of a sonnet.
A seven line stanza.
An eight line stanza having numbers of possibilities for different rhyme schemes. Often used to refer to the first eight lines of a sonnet.
Two successive rhyming lines that contain a complete thought. Verses usually consist of four iambic pentameter lines.
A three line stanza form with an interlaced or interwove rhyme scheme: a-b-a, b-c-b, c-d-c, d-e-d, etc. It, too, is usually iambic pentameter.
Is a five line nonsense poem with an anapestic meter. The rhyme scheme is usually a-a-b-b-a The firs, second, and fifth lines have three stresses; and the third and fourth have two stresses.
The ballad stanza consists of four lines with a rhyme scheme of a-b-c-b. The first and third lines are tetrameter and the second and fourth are trimeter.
Rime royal is a stanza consisting of seven line iambic pentameter rhyming a-b-a-b-b-c-c. It is so called because a king, James I of Scotland, used it.
A form of poetry consisting of stanzas of eight lines of ten or eleven syllables, rhyming abababcc.
The stanza used by Spenser in The Faerie Queene, consisting of eight iambic pentameters and an Alexandrine, with the rhyming scheme ababbcbcc.
A poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.
Fourteen line stanza consisting of an octave and sestet. Rhyme scheme of octave- abbaabba and either cdecde or cdcdcd for the sestet. The octave makes a statement or states a problem; and the sestet is a summary or gives a solution to the problem in the octave.
English (Shakespearean sonnet)
Fourteen line stanza consisting of three quatrains and couplet. The rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg.
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