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77 terms

Final exam review english 9

STUDY
PLAY
Protagonist
main character
Antagonist
A character or force in conflict with the main character
Conflict
a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests
plot
the sequence of events in a story
hero
the principal character in a play or movie or novel or poem
anti-hero
a protagonist who has the opposite of most of the traditional attributes of a hero. [A character who] may be bewildered ineffectual deluded or merely pathetic.
myth
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
epic
long poem that tells about legendary or heroic deeds
Archetype
A detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response
deus ex machina
"An unrealistic or unexpected intervention to rescue the protagonists or resolve the conflict. The term means ""The god out of the machine"" and refers to stage machinery."
diction
the manner in which something is expressed in words
allusion
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art.
alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
symbol
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
metaphor
comparison not using like or as
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
apostrophe
the mark (') used to indicate the omission of one or more letters from a printed word
12 olympians
Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hades, Hermes, Hestia, Artemis, Apollo, Ares, Athena, Hephaestus, Aphrodite
cronus
(Greek mythology) the supreme god until Zeus dethroned him
Rhea
fertility goddess in ancient Greek mythology
gaea
(Greek mythology) goddess of the earth and mother of Cronus and the Titans in ancient mythology
ouranos
(Greek mythology) god of the heavens
orpheus
Son of Calliope and the Thracian King.Poet and musician. Bought Eurydice's life back from hades with music, but looked back and lost her
pegasus
(Greek mythology) immortal winged horse that sprang from the blood of the slain Medusa
bellerophon
(Greek mythology) a mythical hero of Corinth who performed miracles on the winged horse Pegasus (especially killing the monster Chimera)
prometheus
(Greek mythology) the Titan who stole fire from Olympus and gave it to mankind
epimetheus
(Greek mythology) brother of Prometheus
atalanta
Discarded by her father, she is raised by a bear, and she helped kill the Calydonian Boar, Marries the first man who can beat her in a footrace. He cheated and was helped by Aphrodite
jason
(Greek mythology) the husband of Medea and leader of the Argonauts who sailed in quest of the Golden Fleece
medea
(Greek mythology) a princess of Colchis who aided Jason in taking the Golden Fleece from her father
hercules
(classical mythology) a hero noted for his strength
europa
Zeus fell in love with her and he disguised himself as a bull; lived in Crete together
theseus
(Greek mythology) a hero and king of Athens who was noted for his many great deeds: killed Procrustes and the Minotaur and defeated the Amazons and united Attica
ariadne
daughter of King Minos; fell in love with Theseus and promised to help him destroy the Minotaur if he would marry her; never did get married
medusa
(Greek mythology) a woman transformed into a Gorgon by Athena
dante
an Italian poet famous for writing the Divine Comedy that describes a journey through hell and purgatory and paradise guided by Virgil and his idealized Beatrice (1265-1321)
virgil
greatest poet of the Golden Age, called the "Homer of Rome" because the Iliad and the Odyssey served as models for his epic, the Aeneid; focus on Patriotism; it took 10 years to write
beatrice
aids Dante's journey by asking an angel to find Virgil and guide Dante through Hell; perhaps a representation of spiritual love; sent by God with the prayers of the Virgin Mary, Saint Lucia, and Rachel
charon
(Greek mythology) the ferryman who brought the souls of the dead across the river Styx or the river Acheron to Hades
lucifer
rebel archangel; Satan
judas
(New Testament) the Apostle who betrayed Jesus to his enemies for 30 pieces of silver
brutus
statesman of ancient Rome who (with Cassius) led a conspiracy to assassinate Julius Caesar (85-42 BC)
cassius
prime mover in the conspiracy against Julius Caesar (died in 42 BC)
cerberus
(Greek mythology) 3-headed dog guarding the entrance to Hades
chiron
The centaur who trained Hercules. He was the teacher of many Greek heroes and when he died, Zeus placed him among the stars as the constellation Sagittarius. He also wasn't mean and nasty like most centaurs.
francesca and paolo
These two were guilty of a sin of lust; they had an affair and were both murdered by Giovani (the woman's husband and man's brother)
adam
The first human, the father of our race, and, along with his wife Eve, the caretaker of the Garden of Eden. Adam is grateful and obedient to God, but falls from grace when Eve convinces him to join her in the sin of eating from the Tree of Knowledge.
eve
The first woman and the mother of mankind. Eve was made from a rib taken from Adam's side. Because she was made from Adam and for Adam, she is subservient to him. She is also weaker than Adam, so Satan focuses his powers of temptation on her. He succeeds in getting her to eat the fruit of the forbidden tree despite God's command.
the lord
GOD
cain
(Old Testament) Cain and Abel were the first children of Adam and Eve born after the Fall of Man
abel
(Old Testament) Cain and Abel were the first children of Adam and Eve born after the Fall of Man
abraham
the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac
sarah
(Old Testament) the wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac
hagar
Sarah's servant, the mother of Ishmael
ishmael
(Old Testament) the son of Abraham who was cast out after the birth of Isaac
isaac
(Old Testament) the second patriarch
rebekah
(Old Testament) wife of Isaac and mother of Jacob and Esau
esau
(Old Testament) the eldest son of Isaac who would have inherited the Covenant that God made with Abraham and that Abraham passed on to Isaac
jacob
(Old Testament) son of Isaac
leah
Older sister of Rebecca who Jacob is tricked into sleeping with and marries
rachel
(Old Testament) the second wife of Jacob and mother of Joseph and Benjamin
benjamin
(Old Testament) the youngest and best-loved son of Jacob and Rachel and one of the twelve forebears of the tribes of Israel
joseph
(New Testament) husband of Mary and (in Christian belief) the foster father of Jesus
reuben
(Old Testment) a son of Jacob and forefather of one of the tribes of Israel
romeo
The son and heir of Montague and Lady Montague.
juliet
The daughter of Capulet and Lady Capulet.
tybalt
A Capulet, Juliet's cousin on her mother's side. Vain, fashionable, supremely aware of courtesy and the lack of it, he becomes aggressive, violent, and quick to draw his sword when he feels his pride has been injured. Once drawn, his sword is something to be feared. He loathes Montagues.
benvolio
Montague's nephew, Romeo's cousin and thoughtful friend, he makes a genuine effort to defuse violent scenes in public places, though Mercutio accuses him of having a nasty temper in private. He spends most of the play trying to help Romeo get his mind off Rosaline, even after Romeo has fallen in love with Juliet.
friar lawrence
A Franciscan friar, friend to both Romeo and Juliet. Kind, civic-minded, a proponent of moderation, and always ready with a plan, Friar Lawrence secretly marries the impassioned lovers in hopes that the union might eventually bring peace to Verona. As well as being a Catholic holy man, Friar Lawrence is also an expert in the use of seemingly mystical potions and herbs.
mercutio
A kinsman to the Prince, and Romeo's close friend. One of the most extraordinary characters in all of Shakespeare's plays, Mercutio overflows with imagination, wit, and, at times, a strange, biting satire and brooding fervor. Mercutio loves wordplay, especially sexual double entendres. He can be quite hotheaded, and hates people who are affected, pretentious, or obsessed with the latest fashions. He finds Romeo's romanticized ideas about love tiresome, and tries to convince Romeo to view love as a simple matter of sexual appetite.
lord and lady capulet
Juliet's parents, leaders of the Capulets.
lord and lady montague
Romeo's parents, leaders of the Montagues.
nurse
The caretaker of Juliet.
paris
A kinsman of the Prince, and the suitor of Juliet most preferred by Capulet. Once Capulet has promised him he can marry Juliet, he behaves very presumptuous toward, acting as if they are already married.
prince
a male member of a royal family other than the sovereign (especially the son of a sovereign)