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60x90 yards

official field size minimum

75x120 yards

official field size maximum

22 players

all players on the playing field (including goalies)

maintain possession of ball and score a goal on opposing team's net

purpose of the game

6 yards wide and 8 feet high

official net size

1 point

each goal counts as this much

inside, outside, or instep

places where ball can be kicked with on foot

head, chest, thigh, foot

all body parts that are allowed in soccer


only goalies can use this body part


patrols penalty area and tries prevents ball from going in the goal

defenders (fullbacks)

positioned directly in front of goalkeeper; duty is to prevent opponent from having a good shot at the goal

midfielders (halfbacks)

play transitional game from defense to offense and vice versa; dual responsibilities of forming own attacks and preventing opponent's attacks


players most responsible for scoring goals; can also assist with defensive plays by taking the ball away from opposing players

wings and strikers

the two types of forwards


play towards outside of the field and work the ball inward to the striker


play in the middle of the forward line; primary job is to score goals


technique of moving the ball along the ground while maintaining possession of it


the idea of getting the ball to a player on the same team


controlling the ball by absorbing its momentum in order to control and redirect the ball

kick off

how one begins the game; opposing team must be outside the circle

throw in

the idea of restarting the game after the ball has been knocked out of bounds via the sideline

goal kick

the act of restarting the game when the offensive team kicks the ball over the end line

corner kick

the act of restarting the game when the defending team kicks the ball over the end line

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