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Which of the following best describes the situation of freedmen in the decade following the Civil War?

the majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters

In Marbury v. Madison, the United States Supreme Court affirmed

its right to determine the constitutionality of congressional enactments

Throughout the first half of the nineteenth century women reformers were most active in the cause of


The 1896 Supreme Court decision Plessy v. Ferguson did which of the following?

upheld segregate railroad facilities

The Proclamation of 1763 did which of the following?

set a boundary along the crest of the Appalachians beyond which the English colonists were forbidden to settle

In the 1930's, the movement led by Dr. Francis Townsend contributed to congressional approval of a law

implementing a federal program of old-aged benefits

The Northwest Ordinances did which of the following?

Established the terms for settlement and admission of new states

Jacob Rii's How the other half lives is a study of

Immigrant urban poverty and despair in the 1890's

The Federalist papers challenged the conventional political wisdom of the eighteenth century when the asserted that

a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights

In 1950 a major factor in President Harry Truman's commitment of American troops to combat North Korean aggression was a desire to

overcome the stigma the Democratic party had "lost" China to communism

The women's movement in the antebellum period was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT

demands for equal compensation for equal work

The principal motivation for drafting the Bill of Rights was the desire to

protect rights not specified in the constitution

France negotiated a treaty of alliance with the new American nation in 1778 following

The defeat of the British General Burgoyne at Saratoga

Jacksonian Democracy was distinguished by the belief that

political participation by the common man should be increased

The North American colonies took advantage of Great Britain's policy of salutary neglect to

work out trade arrangements to acquire needed products from other countries

In the colonial period, Quakers were known for all of the following EXCEPT their

refusal to pay taxes

The 1968 Tet Offensive was significant because it

led to increased anti-war sentiment in the United States

Wilson's Fourteen Points incorporated all of the following EXCEPT

recognition of Allied economic and traditional agreements made during the war

Which of the following is an example of Progressive Era legislation?

The Pure Food and Drug Act

The primary purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 was to

Avoid conflict with the trans-Appalachian Indians

The primary purpose of the Stamp Act was to

raise revenues to support British troops stationed in America

The primary power granted to Civil rights Commission created in 1957 was the authority to

investigate and report on cases involving discrimination

The Declaration of independence did all the following EXCEPT

call the abolition of the slave trade

Kent State University was the site in 1970 of which of the following events?

An antiwar demonstration in which four students were killed by members of the National Guard

The most unpopular and least successful of President Thomas Jefferson's policies was his

adherence to neutrality in dealing with England and France

Which of the following led immediately and directly to Theodore Roosevelt's issuance of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine?

American fear the the financial instability in the Dominican Republic would lead to European intervention

Which of the following is a true statement about the Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolutionary War?

it recognized United States sovereignty over territory eat of the Mississippi, between the Great Lakes and Florida

Between 1870 and 1900, farmers did all of the following in an attempt to better their condition EXCEPT

limit production of crops

Which of the following is true of the case of Marbury v. Madison

It affirmed the principle of judicial review

Which of the following best describes the experience of Americans of Japanese descent during the Second World War?

they were forced from their homes and businesses on the West Cost into detention camps

Influential critics of the 1950's, such as David Riesman, were most concerned with which of the following aspects of life in the United States following the Second World War?

Alienation and conformity in modern and conformity in modern society

Parliament enacted the stamp act (1765) primarily to

raise revenue to pay for british troops in the colonies

"we believe that the time has come when the railroad corporations will either own the people or the people must own the railroads... We demand a national currency, safe, sound, and flexible... we demand a graduated income tax... we demand a free ballot."

Which of the following groups included the passage above in its platform?

People's Party (populists)

Which of the following was a serious constitutional question after the Civil War?

The political and legal status of the former Confederate states

The purpose of the Lend-Lease Act was to

provide military supplies to the Allies

One means by which President Hoover attempted to fight the Great Depression was

the establishment of the Reconciliation Finance Corporation

Which of the following was true of a married woman in the colonial era?

she generally lost control of her property when she married

By the time of the American Revolution, most patriots had come to believe that, in republican government, sovereignty was located in

the people

The Battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862, is considered pivotal to the outcome of the Civil War because it

forestalled the possibility of European intervention

"In the new Code of Laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make I desire you would Remember the Ladies."

The appeal quoted above was made by

Abigail Adams

Which of the following best describes the Harlem Renaissance?

an outpouring of Black artistic and literary creativity

Jacob Riis is best known for his work in the 1890s as a

journalist and photographer who publicized the wretched conditions in which many immigrants lived

The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) did which of the following?

Sanctioned separate but equal public facilities for African Americans

Margret Sanger is best known for her

Advocacy of birth control

Prior to the Civil War, a transformation occurred in the work force of the New England textile mills as New England farm girls were replaced by

Irish immigrants

Which of the following principles was established by the Dred Scott decision

National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories

What was the main reason for the major decrease in the number of Europeans immigrating to the United States in the 1920s?

The United States passed the National Origins Act.

Woodrow Wilson hardened Senate opposition to the Treaty if Versailles by his refusal to compromise on the issue

the unconditional adherence of the United States to the charter of the League of Nations

The 1979 incident at Three Mile Island had which of the following effects?

it increased support for the movement against nuclear power

The Hartford Convention was a manifestation of

New England Federalist opposition to the War of 1812

Which of the following best explains why Massachusetts Bay officials banished Anne Hutchinson?

She challenged gender roles and Puritan orthodoxy

Which of the following statements best describes the clothing industry in the late nineteenth century?

the sewing machine made mass manufacturing of clothing more affordable

The farmers' protest movement lost momentum at the end of the 1890's for all of the following reasons Except

the absorption of the populists by AFL (American Federation of Labor)

Pesident Monroe articulated the Monroe Doctrine in his 1823 address to Congress primarily in order to

Warn European nations against further colonial ventures in the Western Hemisphere

The era from the end of the Civil War to the outbreak of the First World War was Characterized by

periodic economic panic and depression

Which of the following was the LEAST involved in the struggle for women's rights?

Dorothea Dix

Pinckney's Treaty with Spain is considered a diplomatic highlight of Washington's administration because it

allowed the United States to use the port of New Orleans

All of the following characterized the economy during the Carter administration EXCEPT

increased union membership

The Supreme Court's decision in the Dred Scott case in 1857 effectively repealed the

Missouri Compromise

The LEAST prosperous group in the 1920s consisted of

farmers in the Midwest and the South

Around 1920, the number of children aged 10 to 15 in the industrial work force began to decline fro which of the following reasons?

states began to require children to attend school until a certain age and to limit the ages at which they could be employed

Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan were similar as presidential candidate in that both

capitalized on their status as Washington outsiders

The American Colonization Society was established in the early nineteenth century with the goal of

transporting African Americans to Africa

The intent of the Dawes Act of 1887 was to

assimilate American Indians into the mainstream of American culture

As originally ratified, the United States Constitution provided for

an electoral college

Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the New World, was founded by

a joint stock company anxious to return a profit to investors

The United States involvement in Vietnam increased dramatically in the 1950s with the withdrawal of the


Which of the following was true of the Northeast American Indian tribes at the time Europeans first began colonization?

Their political and linguistic differences hindered their united opposition to the Europeans.

The National Organization for Women (NOW) was founded in 1966 in order to

challenge sex discrimination in the workplace

The Congress of Industrial Organization was most interested in unionizing which of the following?

Unskilled and semiskilled factory workers

Students staged a sit-in in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960 to protect

segregation of public facilities

During the Great Depression, the federal government responded with force when

the Bonus Expeditionary Force encamped in Washington

From the 1880's to the beginning of the New deal, the dominant American Indian policy of the United States government sought to

break up tribal landholdings

President Jackson resisted the admission of Texas into the Union in 1836 primarily because he

feared that debate over the admission of Texas would ignite controversy about slavery

The "Three-Fifths Compromise" originally contained in the Constitution referred to the

rate at which one slave counted towards congressional representation

In the decade following the Second World War, the Supreme Court decision that had the most widespread consequences concerned which of the following?

the rights of minority groups

The principal motivation for drafting the Bill of Rights was the desire to

protect rights not specified in the constitution

Conscription policies in the First and Second World Wars differed significantly in that in the Second World War

the draft began before the United States entered the conflict

During the Gilded Age, which of the following groups generally voted republican?

Black Northerners

Which of the following statements about the Tennessee Valley Authority is correct?

It built dams that made rural electrification possible.

All of the following led Congress to impose Radical Reconstruction measures EXCEPT the

massive exodus of former slaves from the South

The open door policy in China called for which of the following?

Equal commercial access by all nations to the existing spheres of influence in China

In the United States, the Haitian rebellion of the 1790's promoted

an increased fear of slave revolts in the South

"Competition is a law of nature... and can no more be done away with than gravitation... [I]f we do not like survival of the fittest, we have only one possible alternative, survival of the unfitness. The former is the law of civilization, the latter is the law of anti-civilization."

The quote above is an example of which of the following schools of thought?

Social Darwinism

The primary power granted to Civil rights Commission created in 1957 was the authority to

investigate and report on cases involving discrimination

Williams Jennings Bryan's "Cross of Gold" oration was primarily an expression of his

Advocacy of free and unlimited coinage of silver

In 1861 the North went to war with the south primarily to

preserve the union

Policy initiatives during Franklin D. Roosevelt's first two presidential terms included all of the following EXCEPT

nationalizing basic industries

The Jefferson administration advocated which of the following changes as a means of restoring republican ideals?

reducing the scope of activities of the federal government

The Kentucky and Virginia resolutions, the Hartford Convention, and the South Carolina Exposition and Protest were similar in that all involved a defense of

states' rights

Which of the following best characterizes the writings of American authors F. Scott Fitzgerald, e. e. cummings, and Sinclair Lewis?

Disillusionment with modern American society

Which of the following labor organizations endorsed the philosophy of "bread and butter" unionism by concentrating on demands for higher wages, shorter hours, and improved working conditions?

The American Federation of Labor

The objective of the Bonus Expeditionary Force that marched on Washington, D.C., in 1932 was to obtain

payment of money to veterans of the First World War

Which of the following supplied the largest number of immigrants to the United States during the first half of the nineteenth century?


All of the following concerns were addressed during the "Hundred Days" of the New Deal EXCEPT

court restructuring

Jefferson's purchase of Louisiana had its origins in his desire to

acquire a port to provide an outlet for western crops

After the Revolution, the concept of the "republican mother" suggested that

women would be responsible for raising their children, especially their sons, to be virtuous citizens of the young republic

In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, American agriculture was characterized by

An increase in acres under cultivation

Which of the following provisions of the Compromise of 1850 provoked the most controversy in the 1850s?

the strengthened Fugitive Salve Law

Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon's policies did which of the following?

Reduced income-tax rates for the wealthy to release money for private investment.

The purpose of the Agriculture Adjustment Act of 1933 was to

raise farm prices by limiting agriculture production

Helen Hunt Jackson's A Century of Dishonor was significant because it aroused public awareness of the

wrongs that the federal government had inflicted on the American indians

The principle reason for the formation of the Dixiecrat party in 1948 was the opposition of dissident Democrats for President Truman's

proposal for civil rights legislation

President Washington's Neutrality Proclamation of 1793 was issued in response to

French diplomatic overtures to invoke the Franco-American Alliance

The precipitating factor in the 1894 Pullman strike was Pullman's

cutting of wages without proportionate cuts in company housing rates

Which of the following was primarily responsible for the declining death rate in America cities at the end of the nineteenth century?

Cities built sewers and supplied purified water.

Which of the following was true of the first Great Awakening?

It resulted in divisions within both the Congregational and the Presbyterian churches

Which of the following is true of the 1935 Social Security Act?

It legislated a tax that transfers money from workers to pensioners.

Which of the following was true of women in the five years following the Second World War

large numbers left their industrial jobs to make room for returning soldiers

Between 1870 and 1900, farmers did all of the following in an attempt to better their condition EXCEPT

limit production of crops

Which of the following was true of the United States Constitution as adopted at the Constitutional Convention?

it was built on a series of compromises

The decade after the Second World War was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT

widespread student opposition to the development of nuclear weaponry

Which of the following statements about African American soldiers during the Civil War is correct?

For most of the war, they were paid less than White soldiers of equal rank

Andrew Jackson supported all the following EXCEPT

the right of nulification

Which of the following emerged during the Progressive Era as the most influential advocate of full political, economic, and social equality for Black Americans?

W.E.B. Du Bois

All of the following account for nativist sentiment against the "new immigrants" of the late nineteenth century EXCEPT that the immigrants

dominated the professions of law, medicine, and engineering

The Republican Presidents of the 1920's favored

Tax cuts for the wealthy Americans

Which of the following best accounts for the success of the American Federation of Labor in organizing labor in the late 1800s?

Its policy of organizing only skilled craftsmen

The first attempt to apply the doctrine of popular sovereignty in determining the status of slavery occurred in


In which of the following British North American colonies was slavery legally established by the early 1700's?

All the colonies

Which of the following civil rights groups is NOT correctly matched with one of its leading figures?

Southern Christian Leadership Conference...Marcus Garvey

The policy of containment, Justified by George Kennan's 1947 analysis of the international situation, called for

Blocking the expansion of the Soviet Union's influence

Which of the following groups was LEAST likely to respond with enthusiasm to the religious fervor of the Great Awakening in the 1730s and 1740s?

Established merchants in cities like Boston and Philadelphia

Members of the Hudson River School were best known for their paintings of


The Dutch settled New Netherland primarily to

Expand their commercial and mercantile network

Accounts of North Vietnamese torpedo-boat attacks on the United States destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin during the summer of 1964 were used to justify which of the following United States actions in Vietnam?

Escalation of the American War Effort

When Thomas Jefferson said in 1801, "We are all republicans-we are all federalists," he meant that

the principles of American government were above party politics

In adopting the fourteenth Amendment, Congress was primarily concerned with

protecting legislation guaranteeing civil rights to former slaves

The high inflation rates of the late 1960's and early 1970's were primarily the result of

spending on social-welfare programs and the Vietnam War

In the seventeenth century, which of the following was true of slavery in British North America?

The number of slaves increased rapidly in the last quarter of the century.

Which of the following best characterizes the writers associated with the literary flowering of the 1920's, such as Sinclair Lewis and F. Scott Fitzgerald?

Criticism of middle-class conformity and materialism

One reason early twentieth century muckrakers were able to have a significant impact on society was because

sales and circulation of newspapers and magazines increased

Which of the following was true of most puritans who emigrated to the seventeenth century New England?

they considered themselves non-Separatists

Which of the following best describes the position on slavery of most northerners during the sectional crises of the 1850s?

They were willing to accept slavery where it existed but opposed further expansion to the territories.

Perfectionism in the mid-nineteenth century is best defined as

faith in human capacity to achieve a better life on earth through conscious acts of will

Which of the following transportation developments opened the West to settlement and trade between 1790 and 1830?

Turnpikes and canals

"We have pacified some thousands of the islanders and buried them; destroyed their fields; burned their villages, and turned their widows and orphans out-of-doors; subjected the remaining ten millions by Benevolent assimilation...And so, by these Providences of God-and the phrase is the government's, not mine-we are a World Power."

The statement above was most probably made in references to United States policy in the

occupation of the Phillipines

Which of the following is true of the slave system in eighteenth-century British North America?

Slaveowners gained increased legal power over their slave.

Alexander Hamilton's financial program was most favorable

Eastern merchants

"The problem lay buried, unspoken, for many years in the minds of American women. It was a strange stirring, a sense of dissatisfaction, a yearning that women suffered...Each suburban wife struggled with it alone. As she made the beds, shopped for groceries. matched slipcover material, ate peanut butter sandwiches with her children, chauffeured Cub Scouts and Brownies, lay beside her husband at night-she was afraid to ask of herself the silent question-'Is this all?' The author of this statement above most likely was

Betty Friedan

"Reaganomics," or supply-side economists, led to which of the following?

Large increases in the incomes of wealthy Americans

The Black Power movement of the late 1960s advocated that African Americans

establish control of their political and economic life

During the 1930's the great Depression led to

A mass internal migration of Americans looking for work

In 1890 the most important source of revenue for the federal government was

Custom duties

During the 1930's, the Roosevelt administration did which of the following?

Formally renounced the right to intervene in Latin America.

Which of the following statements about American cities between 1890 and 1930 is correct?

Area of residence increasingly became an indicator of social class

All of the following statements about higher education in the United States from 1865 to 1917 are correct EXCEPT:

The teaching of religion became increasingly important at major northeastern institutions.

The greatest achievement of the government under the Articles of Confederation was its establishment of

a system for orderly settlement of the West

The flappers of the 1920's challenged traditional American attitudes about women by supporting

Greater freedom in manner of dress and moral behavior

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