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193 terms


Which of the following best describes the situation of freedmen in the decade following the Civil War?
the majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters
In Marbury v. Madison, the United States Supreme Court affirmed
its right to determine the constitutionality of congressional enactments
Throughout the first half of the nineteenth century women reformers were most active in the cause of
The 1896 Supreme Court decision Plessy v. Ferguson did which of the following?
upheld segregate railroad facilities
The Proclamation of 1763 did which of the following?
set a boundary along the crest of the Appalachians beyond which the English colonists were forbidden to settle
In the 1930's, the movement led by Dr. Francis Townsend contributed to congressional approval of a law
implementing a federal program of old-aged benefits
The Northwest Ordinances did which of the following?
Established the terms for settlement and admission of new states
Jacob Rii's How the other half lives is a study of
Immigrant urban poverty and despair in the 1890's
The Federalist papers challenged the conventional political wisdom of the eighteenth century when the asserted that
a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights
In 1950 a major factor in President Harry Truman's commitment of American troops to combat North Korean aggression was a desire to
overcome the stigma the Democratic party had "lost" China to communism
The women's movement in the antebellum period was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
demands for equal compensation for equal work
The principal motivation for drafting the Bill of Rights was the desire to
protect rights not specified in the constitution
France negotiated a treaty of alliance with the new American nation in 1778 following
The defeat of the British General Burgoyne at Saratoga
Jacksonian Democracy was distinguished by the belief that
political participation by the common man should be increased
The North American colonies took advantage of Great Britain's policy of salutary neglect to
work out trade arrangements to acquire needed products from other countries
In the colonial period, Quakers were known for all of the following EXCEPT their
refusal to pay taxes
The 1968 Tet Offensive was significant because it
led to increased anti-war sentiment in the United States
Wilson's Fourteen Points incorporated all of the following EXCEPT
recognition of Allied economic and traditional agreements made during the war
Which of the following is an example of Progressive Era legislation?
The Pure Food and Drug Act
The primary purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 was to
Avoid conflict with the trans-Appalachian Indians
The primary purpose of the Stamp Act was to
raise revenues to support British troops stationed in America
The primary power granted to Civil rights Commission created in 1957 was the authority to
investigate and report on cases involving discrimination
The Declaration of independence did all the following EXCEPT
call the abolition of the slave trade
Kent State University was the site in 1970 of which of the following events?
An antiwar demonstration in which four students were killed by members of the National Guard
The most unpopular and least successful of President Thomas Jefferson's policies was his
adherence to neutrality in dealing with England and France
Which of the following led immediately and directly to Theodore Roosevelt's issuance of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine?
American fear the the financial instability in the Dominican Republic would lead to European intervention
Which of the following is a true statement about the Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolutionary War?
it recognized United States sovereignty over territory eat of the Mississippi, between the Great Lakes and Florida
Between 1870 and 1900, farmers did all of the following in an attempt to better their condition EXCEPT
limit production of crops
Which of the following is true of the case of Marbury v. Madison
It affirmed the principle of judicial review
Which of the following best describes the experience of Americans of Japanese descent during the Second World War?
they were forced from their homes and businesses on the West Cost into detention camps
Influential critics of the 1950's, such as David Riesman, were most concerned with which of the following aspects of life in the United States following the Second World War?
Alienation and conformity in modern and conformity in modern society
Parliament enacted the stamp act (1765) primarily to
raise revenue to pay for british troops in the colonies
"we believe that the time has come when the railroad corporations will either own the people or the people must own the railroads... We demand a national currency, safe, sound, and flexible... we demand a graduated income tax... we demand a free ballot."

Which of the following groups included the passage above in its platform?
People's Party (populists)
Which of the following was a serious constitutional question after the Civil War?
The political and legal status of the former Confederate states
The purpose of the Lend-Lease Act was to
provide military supplies to the Allies
One means by which President Hoover attempted to fight the Great Depression was
the establishment of the Reconciliation Finance Corporation
Which of the following was true of a married woman in the colonial era?
she generally lost control of her property when she married
By the time of the American Revolution, most patriots had come to believe that, in republican government, sovereignty was located in
the people
The Battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862, is considered pivotal to the outcome of the Civil War because it
forestalled the possibility of European intervention
"In the new Code of Laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make I desire you would Remember the Ladies."

The appeal quoted above was made by
Abigail Adams
Which of the following best describes the Harlem Renaissance?
an outpouring of Black artistic and literary creativity
Jacob Riis is best known for his work in the 1890s as a
journalist and photographer who publicized the wretched conditions in which many immigrants lived
The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) did which of the following?
Sanctioned separate but equal public facilities for African Americans
Margret Sanger is best known for her
Advocacy of birth control
Prior to the Civil War, a transformation occurred in the work force of the New England textile mills as New England farm girls were replaced by
Irish immigrants
Which of the following principles was established by the Dred Scott decision
National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories
What was the main reason for the major decrease in the number of Europeans immigrating to the United States in the 1920s?
The United States passed the National Origins Act.
Woodrow Wilson hardened Senate opposition to the Treaty if Versailles by his refusal to compromise on the issue
the unconditional adherence of the United States to the charter of the League of Nations
The 1979 incident at Three Mile Island had which of the following effects?
it increased support for the movement against nuclear power
The Hartford Convention was a manifestation of
New England Federalist opposition to the War of 1812
Which of the following best explains why Massachusetts Bay officials banished Anne Hutchinson?
She challenged gender roles and Puritan orthodoxy
Which of the following statements best describes the clothing industry in the late nineteenth century?
the sewing machine made mass manufacturing of clothing more affordable
The farmers' protest movement lost momentum at the end of the 1890's for all of the following reasons Except
the absorption of the populists by AFL (American Federation of Labor)
Pesident Monroe articulated the Monroe Doctrine in his 1823 address to Congress primarily in order to
Warn European nations against further colonial ventures in the Western Hemisphere
The era from the end of the Civil War to the outbreak of the First World War was Characterized by
periodic economic panic and depression
Which of the following was the LEAST involved in the struggle for women's rights?
Dorothea Dix
Pinckney's Treaty with Spain is considered a diplomatic highlight of Washington's administration because it
allowed the United States to use the port of New Orleans
All of the following characterized the economy during the Carter administration EXCEPT
increased union membership
The Supreme Court's decision in the Dred Scott case in 1857 effectively repealed the
Missouri Compromise
The LEAST prosperous group in the 1920s consisted of
farmers in the Midwest and the South
Around 1920, the number of children aged 10 to 15 in the industrial work force began to decline fro which of the following reasons?
states began to require children to attend school until a certain age and to limit the ages at which they could be employed
Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan were similar as presidential candidate in that both
capitalized on their status as Washington outsiders
The American Colonization Society was established in the early nineteenth century with the goal of
transporting African Americans to Africa
The intent of the Dawes Act of 1887 was to
assimilate American Indians into the mainstream of American culture
As originally ratified, the United States Constitution provided for
an electoral college
Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the New World, was founded by
a joint stock company anxious to return a profit to investors
The United States involvement in Vietnam increased dramatically in the 1950s with the withdrawal of the
Which of the following was true of the Northeast American Indian tribes at the time Europeans first began colonization?
Their political and linguistic differences hindered their united opposition to the Europeans.
The National Organization for Women (NOW) was founded in 1966 in order to
challenge sex discrimination in the workplace
The Congress of Industrial Organization was most interested in unionizing which of the following?
Unskilled and semiskilled factory workers
Students staged a sit-in in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960 to protect
segregation of public facilities
During the Great Depression, the federal government responded with force when
the Bonus Expeditionary Force encamped in Washington
From the 1880's to the beginning of the New deal, the dominant American Indian policy of the United States government sought to
break up tribal landholdings
President Jackson resisted the admission of Texas into the Union in 1836 primarily because he
feared that debate over the admission of Texas would ignite controversy about slavery
The "Three-Fifths Compromise" originally contained in the Constitution referred to the
rate at which one slave counted towards congressional representation
In the decade following the Second World War, the Supreme Court decision that had the most widespread consequences concerned which of the following?
the rights of minority groups
The principal motivation for drafting the Bill of Rights was the desire to
protect rights not specified in the constitution
Conscription policies in the First and Second World Wars differed significantly in that in the Second World War
the draft began before the United States entered the conflict
During the Gilded Age, which of the following groups generally voted republican?
Black Northerners
Which of the following statements about the Tennessee Valley Authority is correct?
It built dams that made rural electrification possible.
All of the following led Congress to impose Radical Reconstruction measures EXCEPT the
massive exodus of former slaves from the South
The open door policy in China called for which of the following?
Equal commercial access by all nations to the existing spheres of influence in China
In the United States, the Haitian rebellion of the 1790's promoted
an increased fear of slave revolts in the South
"Competition is a law of nature... and can no more be done away with than gravitation... [I]f we do not like survival of the fittest, we have only one possible alternative, survival of the unfitness. The former is the law of civilization, the latter is the law of anti-civilization."

The quote above is an example of which of the following schools of thought?
Social Darwinism
The primary power granted to Civil rights Commission created in 1957 was the authority to
investigate and report on cases involving discrimination
Williams Jennings Bryan's "Cross of Gold" oration was primarily an expression of his
Advocacy of free and unlimited coinage of silver
In 1861 the North went to war with the south primarily to
preserve the union
Policy initiatives during Franklin D. Roosevelt's first two presidential terms included all of the following EXCEPT
nationalizing basic industries
The Jefferson administration advocated which of the following changes as a means of restoring republican ideals?
reducing the scope of activities of the federal government
The Kentucky and Virginia resolutions, the Hartford Convention, and the South Carolina Exposition and Protest were similar in that all involved a defense of
states' rights
Which of the following best characterizes the writings of American authors F. Scott Fitzgerald, e. e. cummings, and Sinclair Lewis?
Disillusionment with modern American society
Which of the following labor organizations endorsed the philosophy of "bread and butter" unionism by concentrating on demands for higher wages, shorter hours, and improved working conditions?
The American Federation of Labor
The objective of the Bonus Expeditionary Force that marched on Washington, D.C., in 1932 was to obtain
payment of money to veterans of the First World War
Which of the following supplied the largest number of immigrants to the United States during the first half of the nineteenth century?
All of the following concerns were addressed during the "Hundred Days" of the New Deal EXCEPT
court restructuring
Jefferson's purchase of Louisiana had its origins in his desire to
acquire a port to provide an outlet for western crops
After the Revolution, the concept of the "republican mother" suggested that
women would be responsible for raising their children, especially their sons, to be virtuous citizens of the young republic
In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, American agriculture was characterized by
An increase in acres under cultivation
Which of the following provisions of the Compromise of 1850 provoked the most controversy in the 1850s?
the strengthened Fugitive Salve Law
Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon's policies did which of the following?
Reduced income-tax rates for the wealthy to release money for private investment.
The purpose of the Agriculture Adjustment Act of 1933 was to
raise farm prices by limiting agriculture production
Helen Hunt Jackson's A Century of Dishonor was significant because it aroused public awareness of the
wrongs that the federal government had inflicted on the American indians
The principle reason for the formation of the Dixiecrat party in 1948 was the opposition of dissident Democrats for President Truman's
proposal for civil rights legislation
President Washington's Neutrality Proclamation of 1793 was issued in response to
French diplomatic overtures to invoke the Franco-American Alliance
The precipitating factor in the 1894 Pullman strike was Pullman's
cutting of wages without proportionate cuts in company housing rates
Which of the following was primarily responsible for the declining death rate in America cities at the end of the nineteenth century?
Cities built sewers and supplied purified water.
Which of the following was true of the first Great Awakening?
It resulted in divisions within both the Congregational and the Presbyterian churches
Which of the following is true of the 1935 Social Security Act?
It legislated a tax that transfers money from workers to pensioners.
Which of the following was true of women in the five years following the Second World War
large numbers left their industrial jobs to make room for returning soldiers
Between 1870 and 1900, farmers did all of the following in an attempt to better their condition EXCEPT
limit production of crops
Which of the following was true of the United States Constitution as adopted at the Constitutional Convention?
it was built on a series of compromises
The decade after the Second World War was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
widespread student opposition to the development of nuclear weaponry
Which of the following statements about African American soldiers during the Civil War is correct?
For most of the war, they were paid less than White soldiers of equal rank
Andrew Jackson supported all the following EXCEPT
the right of nulification
Which of the following emerged during the Progressive Era as the most influential advocate of full political, economic, and social equality for Black Americans?
W.E.B. Du Bois
All of the following account for nativist sentiment against the "new immigrants" of the late nineteenth century EXCEPT that the immigrants
dominated the professions of law, medicine, and engineering
The Republican Presidents of the 1920's favored
Tax cuts for the wealthy Americans
Which of the following best accounts for the success of the American Federation of Labor in organizing labor in the late 1800s?
Its policy of organizing only skilled craftsmen
The first attempt to apply the doctrine of popular sovereignty in determining the status of slavery occurred in
In which of the following British North American colonies was slavery legally established by the early 1700's?
All the colonies
Which of the following civil rights groups is NOT correctly matched with one of its leading figures?
Southern Christian Leadership Conference...Marcus Garvey
The policy of containment, Justified by George Kennan's 1947 analysis of the international situation, called for
Blocking the expansion of the Soviet Union's influence
Which of the following groups was LEAST likely to respond with enthusiasm to the religious fervor of the Great Awakening in the 1730s and 1740s?
Established merchants in cities like Boston and Philadelphia
Members of the Hudson River School were best known for their paintings of
The Dutch settled New Netherland primarily to
Expand their commercial and mercantile network
Accounts of North Vietnamese torpedo-boat attacks on the United States destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin during the summer of 1964 were used to justify which of the following United States actions in Vietnam?
Escalation of the American War Effort
When Thomas Jefferson said in 1801, "We are all republicans-we are all federalists," he meant that
the principles of American government were above party politics
In adopting the fourteenth Amendment, Congress was primarily concerned with
protecting legislation guaranteeing civil rights to former slaves
The high inflation rates of the late 1960's and early 1970's were primarily the result of
spending on social-welfare programs and the Vietnam War
In the seventeenth century, which of the following was true of slavery in British North America?
The number of slaves increased rapidly in the last quarter of the century.
Which of the following best characterizes the writers associated with the literary flowering of the 1920's, such as Sinclair Lewis and F. Scott Fitzgerald?
Criticism of middle-class conformity and materialism
One reason early twentieth century muckrakers were able to have a significant impact on society was because
sales and circulation of newspapers and magazines increased
Which of the following was true of most puritans who emigrated to the seventeenth century New England?
they considered themselves non-Separatists
Which of the following best describes the position on slavery of most northerners during the sectional crises of the 1850s?
They were willing to accept slavery where it existed but opposed further expansion to the territories.
Perfectionism in the mid-nineteenth century is best defined as
faith in human capacity to achieve a better life on earth through conscious acts of will
Which of the following transportation developments opened the West to settlement and trade between 1790 and 1830?
Turnpikes and canals
"We have pacified some thousands of the islanders and buried them; destroyed their fields; burned their villages, and turned their widows and orphans out-of-doors; subjected the remaining ten millions by Benevolent assimilation...And so, by these Providences of God-and the phrase is the government's, not mine-we are a World Power."

The statement above was most probably made in references to United States policy in the
occupation of the Phillipines
Which of the following is true of the slave system in eighteenth-century British North America?
Slaveowners gained increased legal power over their slave.
Alexander Hamilton's financial program was most favorable
Eastern merchants
"The problem lay buried, unspoken, for many years in the minds of American women. It was a strange stirring, a sense of dissatisfaction, a yearning that women suffered...Each suburban wife struggled with it alone. As she made the beds, shopped for groceries. matched slipcover material, ate peanut butter sandwiches with her children, chauffeured Cub Scouts and Brownies, lay beside her husband at night-she was afraid to ask of herself the silent question-'Is this all?' The author of this statement above most likely was
Betty Friedan
"Reaganomics," or supply-side economists, led to which of the following?
Large increases in the incomes of wealthy Americans
The Black Power movement of the late 1960s advocated that African Americans
establish control of their political and economic life
During the 1930's the great Depression led to
A mass internal migration of Americans looking for work
In 1890 the most important source of revenue for the federal government was
Custom duties
During the 1930's, the Roosevelt administration did which of the following?
Formally renounced the right to intervene in Latin America.
Which of the following statements about American cities between 1890 and 1930 is correct?
Area of residence increasingly became an indicator of social class
All of the following statements about higher education in the United States from 1865 to 1917 are correct EXCEPT:
The teaching of religion became increasingly important at major northeastern institutions.
The greatest achievement of the government under the Articles of Confederation was its establishment of
a system for orderly settlement of the West
The flappers of the 1920's challenged traditional American attitudes about women by supporting
Greater freedom in manner of dress and moral behavior
The assembly-line production of Henry Ford's Model T automobile resulted in which of the following by the end of the 1920's?
Widespread purchase of automobiles by average American families
The following of the Monroe Doctrine did which of the following?
Asserted American independence in the realm of foreign policy
Which of the following statements about the "American System" is correct?
It was designed to meet the nation's need for economic progress and self-sufficiency
Which of the following stressed the importance of individual inspiration, self-reliance, dissent, and nonconformity?
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Which of the following beliefs was central to eighteenth-century Deism?
God created a universe governed by natural law.
The Supreme Court case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka directly contradicted the legal principle established by
Plessy v. Ferguson
Progressive reformers rejected Social Darwinism because they believed that
Conflict and competition did not necessarily improve society
Under the Articles of Confederation the united States central government had no power to
levy taxes
In the 1930's, the movement led by Dr. Francis Townsend contributed to congressional approval of a law
implementing a federal program of old-aged benefits
All of the following contributed to the growth of the free African American population in the United States in the early nineteenth century EXCEPT
federal constitutional provisions for emancipation
Which of the following is true of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
it allowed the President to deploy combat troops in South Vietnam
The leaders of the Progressive movement were primarily
Middle-class reformers concerned with urban and consumer issues
The Navigation Acts were part of the British policy known as
The major objective of the antipoverty programs of Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society was to
break the cycle of poverty among poor people through education and job training
In the 1930s the Great Depression resulted in
an increase in the number of transit people searching for work
Which of the following had integration rather than Black separatism as a goal?
W.E.B. Du Bois and the Niagara movement
In his farewell address, President Dwight D. Eisenhower warned Americans about the dangers of
the military-industrial complex
Immigrants to the United States in the last quarter of the nineteenth century came primarily from
European farms and villages
In an influential 1947 article, diplomat George F. Kennan advocated that the United States should
focus its foreign policy on containing the spread of communism
When the Emancipation Proclamation was issued at the beginning of 1863, its immediate effect was to
strengthen the moral cause of the Union
The financial programs of Alexander Hamilton included all of the following EXCEPT
nullification of all private debts to the states
"Let Southern oppressors tremble... I shall strenuously contend for immediate enfranchisment... I will be as harsh as truth and as uncompromising as justice" The author of this statement was
William L. Garrison
Constitutional amendments enacted during the Progressive Era concerned all the following EXCEPT
imposition of poll taxes
In the early 1830's, the majority of workers in the textile mills of Massachusetts were
young unmarried women from the rural New England
The "graying" of America since the 1970s is widely seen as threatening which of the following?
the long-term viability of the social security system
Which of the following is true of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890?
it had little immediate impact on the regulation of large corporations
Which of the following statements about woman suffrage is true?
the states with complete woman suffrage before 1900 were west of the Mississippi
D.W. Giffith's epic film The Birth of a Nation (1915) became controversial because of its
depiction of Ku Klux Klan activities as heroic and commendable
The Stono Rebellion and the new york conspiracy trials of 1741 revealed which of the following?
Resistance to slavery
The Supreme COurt ruling in Korematsu v. United States upheld the constitutionality of
the internment of Japanese Americans as a wartime necessity
The decisions of the Supreme Court in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries generally did which of the following?
Strengthened the position of big business.
Shays's Rebellion frightened many Americans when
debt-ridden farmers attacked courts in western Massachusetts
The Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT), expanded trade with the Soviet Union, and President Richard Nixon's visit to the peoples Republic of China were all facets of policy of
Which of the following statements about Africans brought as slaves to the British North American colonies is true?
They maintained cultural practices brought from Africa
The American home front of the Second World War is best described as
Economically invigorated by military spending
All of the following contributed to the passage of the Eight Amendment legislating Prohibition in 1919 EXCEPT
the high death toll from alcohol-related automobile accidents
All of the following have been cited as reasons for the dropping of atomic bombs on Japan in 1945 EXCEPT the need to
block a planned Japanese of the United States
During the First World War, the committee on Public Information issued propaganda to persuade the American people of all of the following EXCEPT:
Congress should reject the League of Nations
The Missouri compromise did which of the following?
Allowed Maine to enter the Union as a free state
Major domestic developments in the United States during President Eisenhower's two terms include all the following EXCEPT:
The dismantling of the New Deal welfare programs
All of th following contributed to discontent among soldiers in the Continental Army EXCEPT:
Most soldiers were draftees
Which of the following aroused the greatest controversy in the United States at the end of the Spanish-American War?
acquisition of the Philippine Islands
he republican party originated in the mid-1850's as a sectional party committed to which of the following?
Opposition to further extension of slavery into the territories
During the presidency of William H. Taft, United States policy in Latin America was driven primarily by
concern for United States economic and strategic interests in the region