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26 terms

A return to peace; Unification of Germany;A return to Peace; Unification of Germany; opposition to Bismarck; Reform and revolution in Russia; the roots of western imperialism;european claims in sub-saharan africa

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congress fo Vienna
representatives from the european powers (britian, austria, prussia and russia) met in 1815 at the congress of Vienna to resolve territorial and political uses caused by napoleon's conquest and reorganization of europe
reactionaries
are extreme conservative who not only oppose change but also want to undo certain changes
nationalism
or the desire for self rule amoung of a poeple wlth the same culture and history for, was the most successful popitical force of the 19th century
liberalism
this political ideology was founded on the belief in represntative government the protection of indivdual right and the rule of law
age of metterich
1815-1840s european monarchs worked to reestablish absolute rule and undo the freedoms won during the french revolution
why did the reactionary powers in europe consider nationalism a dangerous threat that had to be stopped
reactionaries didn't want nationalist groups to be able to form their own nation states because the monarchs power would be weakened and the balance of power disrupted
why did austrian prince metternich fear liberalisms and what did he do to stop it
whereas liberals believed in indivial right and the rule of law, Metternich believed in suppressing such ideas as freedom of speech and of the press. to preserve absolutisms, metternich set up an investigating commission to spy on revoltutionary organiztioins
how did bismarck act to undermine the power of prussia's parliament?
when parliament refused to appove money for a militaryre buildip, Bismarck simply collected the taxes without their approval, which was against the prussian constitution
wha did bismarck do in order to get france to declare war on prussia in 1870
Bismarck edited a telegram sent to King Wilhelm I making it sound as though he were insultingn the French ambassador
Bundesrat
upper house fo the german leigislature, consisted of appointed members from the aristocracy
reichstag
the lwoer house ofthe germna leigislaure had very limited powers
why did Bismarch's anti catholic program Kulturkampf, end in failure
anit bismarkc poltical parties such as the centre party grew in size and non catholics began to oppose the Kulturkamf policies; since bismarsk needed support of the centre party against sociaists; he was forced to waken policy until it failed
what excuse did bismarck use to begin a widespread campaign agianst socialists and thier ideas
Bismark took advantage of two assassination attempts on Wilhem I to blame the socialist and create a series of anti socialist laws
wilhelm II
was the kaiser (emperoer) who led germanyi n becoming of the world's greatest military economic powers in the alt 1800s
why did Bismarck resent willhelm (William) II
bismarck resented the way wilhelm II reduced powers that he had exercised effectively for years; he also resented Wilhelm II's involvement in political affairs thta had been under his control
list two ways in which Wiohelm II expanded Germany's influence in the world during his reign
he increased the size and strength of the german army
he expanded germany's navy
he signed new agreement with neighboring nations
autocrat
a ruelr who hold absolute power
pan slavism
is the name for unity of all slavic peoples under russian leadership
Pogroms
riots inh which jews were massacred in russia in the 1880s-1900s were known as
although empires had controlled other countries before the 1800s, what was new about his system of imperialism
It was the strenght of modern nations
protectorates
are colonies in which the native rulers keep their titles, but officals of the foreign power actually control the region
spheres of influece
are areas in which one country has a special interest, which other nations agree to respect
why di tiny island become valuable nad importaint
strateegically located tiny island were considered important because they served as coaling station and or naval bases for navies of the imperial powers
how did rudyard Kipling's poem "the white man's burden" summarize the way that many europeans feel about non western peoples
many europeans thought that non western people were primitive- half devil and half child. These wrong ideas caused europeans to change the way of life for countless peoples, in an atttempt to help or improve the non western peple
list three goals of missionaries during the age of imperilaism
ot convert poeple to chirstianity
build schools and teach in them
establish and operate hospitals
Winston Churchill
Britian's prime minister during World War II, is generally considered to be one of Britian's greatest leaders