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AP Literature Terms

The final AP exam is tomorrow, so I'm making this set incredibly last-minute
STUDY
PLAY
Colloquial
Ordinary or familiar type of conversation
Vernacular
Language or dialect of a particular country.
Synesthesia
a description involving a "crossing of the senses." - "A purplish scent filled the room." - "I was deafened by his brightly-colored clothing."
Juxtaposition
Placing things side by side for the purposes of comparison.
Antithesis
Two opposite or contrasting words, phrases, or clauses, or even ideas, with parallel structure. "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times"
Sibilant
characterized by a hissing sound
Free verse
Poetry that doesn't have much meter or rhyme.
Sonnet
A 14 line poem written in iambic pentameter. Usually divided into three quatrains and a couplet.
Polysyndeton
When a writer creates a list of items which are all separated by conjunctions. often used to slow down the pace of the writing and/or add an authoritative tone.
Appositive
A word or group of words placed beside a noun or noun substitute to supplement its meaning. Bob The Builder
Syntax
Grammatical arrangement of words
Ambiguity
when an author intentionally suggests more than one, sometimes contradictory, interpretations of a situation
Anthropomorphism
human characteristics given to non-human objects, i.e. speaking animals in Narnia
blank verse
unrhymed poety written in iambic pentameter
Elegy
a meditative poem which deals with more serious subjects
1st person participant
narrated by one of the main characters
1st person observer
narrated by a minor character
3rd person Omniscient
narrated by an impersonal author who sees and knows everything
3rd person limted
narrated by author, but he/she focuses on the thinking and actions of a particular character