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Chemistry Week of 5/9

STUDY
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Common Household Acids
citric acid (oranges, lemons), carbonic acid (soda pop), acidic acid (vinegar), phosphoric acid (soda pop), tannic acid (tea), lactic acid (milk)
Common Household Bases
ammonia (cleaners), calcium hydroxide (Tums), sodium hydroxide (drain cleaner), sodium bicarbonate (baking soda)
Properties of Acids
aqueous solutions taste sour, change colors of indicators, react with group one and two metals to produce hydrogen, react with bases to produce a salt and water, conduct electricity
Common Industrial Acids
sulfuric acid (fertilizers), nitric acid (explosives), phosphoric acid (fertilizer, soda), hydrochloric acid, acetic acid (vinegar, food)
Properties of Bases
aqueous solutions taste bitter, causes indicators to change colors, aqueous solutions are slippery, react with acids to produce water and a salt, conducts electricity,
Arrhenius Acid
a chemical compound that increases the concentration of H+ ions in aqueous solutions
Arrhenius Base
a chemical compound that increases the concentration of OH- ions in aqueous solution
Hydronium Ion
H3O+ (is found when H+ is separated in water)
Strong Acid
completely ionizes in water
weak acid
releases few hydronium ions
Strong bases
strong electrolytes and completely dissociates (grp 1 and 2 metals)
Bronsted-Lowry Acids
a molecule or ion that is a proton donor
Bronsted-Lowry Base
a molecule or ion that is a proton acceptor
Neutralization Reaction
acid+base yields salt+water (net ionic equation is H3O+ + OH- yields 2H2O