short cool summers and bitterly cold winters
North's Natural Features
jagged coast line, rocky soil, steep streams, rolling hillls
mild winters and long hot summers
South's Natural Features
Wide coastal plains, swamps and marshes ideal for growing rice, tobacco and sugar
Economy of the South
cotton and cotton gin (use of slaves: economically viable, no way to abolish it in a way that was economically and socially acceptable), cotton and cotton gin (use of slaves: economically viable, no way to abolish it in a way that was economically and socially acceptable)
Economy of the north
based on farming, fishing, merchandising, banking, and shipping using free labor
Growth of Industry
early 1800's when businessmen learned to use machinery to make goods faster and cheaper
Transportation in the North
many railroads, fast ships, better roads, rivers
Transportation in the south
roads were very poor and rivers were the primary mode of transportation(this had a lot to do with the creation of family plots)
Society of the South
based on family status (nobles) and land ownership, strict social classes
Society of the North
Believed that hard work would bring ordinary people wealth and influence
Immigrants arrive in the North
Between 1845 and 1860 Irish and German immigrants swlled the North's population. Most came with little or no money looking for work.
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