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Military Coup 1978

Taraki president
Amin member of government

End of 1979

Amin kills Taraki
Soviets kill Amin
Karmal - New leader

Reasons For Soviet Invasion

- USSR responding to chaos in neighboring client state
- Soviet Leadership, fearing spread of Iranian muslims into afghanistan

US reaction

- Boycott 1980's olympics in Moscow
- Banned sail of grain to USSR
- Break off the SALT talks


Reduced arms programme.

Reason For US reaction

Invasion under the sphere of USSR
- Us wanted end on the detente
- Invasion unpopular with muslim world.
- USA viewed the the invasion as a spread of communism
- Expansion of USSR into oil roch middle east.
- Embarrassment when people in iran were taken as hostages and the US embassy counldent do anything about it.

1985 - .....

CIA supplied mujahaddin
- Satellite reconnaissance data
- Intercepting of Soviet communications
- Secret communication Systems
- Soviet military plans
- Specialized arms (stingers)


Gorbachev announces gradual withdrawal from afghanistan

Mujahaddin Victory

1992, After soviet withdrawal
Mujahaddin also takes power from Najibullah


Last Afghani president before Taliban took over; Taliban murdered him in 1996

Losses Facts

Soviets - 15,000 dead
Soviets - 37,000 wounded
Afghanis - 1 million dead.

Rising of Taliban

- USA cause
- Different factions
- Civil War
- Rise with aid from pakistan, under US supervision

Mujahaddin Post War Actions

- De Stabilize Algeria
- Osama bin laden joins the Al-Qaida


A Sunni Muslim organization dedicated to the elimination of American presence in Arab countries



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