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48 terms

Exam One

STUDY
PLAY
The production possibilities frontier shows the ____ combinations of two products that may be produced in a particular time period with available resources.
maximum attainable
In a production possibilities frontier model, a point ____ the frontier is productively inefficient.
inside
A production possibilities frontier with a bowed outward shape indicates
increasing opportunity costs as more and more of one good is produced
Which of the following is NOT directly counted in gdp
intermediate goods
The size of the underground economy would tend to increase if the government of a country
increased income taxes
If the quantity of goods and services produced in the economy DECREASES,
it may be possible for nominal GDP to increase
Which of the following is included in both the U.S. GDP and U.S. GNP
the value of all cars produced by General Motors in the United States
The labor force equals the number of people
employed plus unemployed
Structural unemployment is the result of
a persistent mismatch between the skills and characteristics of workers and the requirements
Which of the following policies would reduce frictional unemployment?
building an on-ine job database that helps workers find jobs
The consumer price index is the
average of the prices of the goods and services purchased by a typical urban family of four
If inflation is positive and perfectly anticipated,
those that hold paper money lose.
The official unemployment rate as calculated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor would equal
(# of unemployed)/(labor force)

Labor Force = full-time,part-time,not employed.
If we want to use a measure of inflation that foreshadows price changes before they affect prices at the retail level, we would base our measure of inflation on
the producer price index
If the production possibilities frontier is _____, then opportunity costs are constant as more of one good is produced
linear
The increase generosity of unemployed insurance programs in Canada as compared to the United States should
increase the duration of unemployment in Canada as compared to the United States
Suppose the nominal GDP in 2009 was less than the real GDP in 2009. Given this information we know for certain that
the price level in 2009 was less than the price level in the base year
The principle of opportunity cost is that
the economic cost of using a factor of production is the alternative use of that factor that is given up.
Value added equals the market price of the firm's product minus
the price of intermediate goods
The output of U.S. citizens who work in Canada would be included in the
gross domestic product of Canada
Suppose that at the beginning of a loan contract, the real interest rate is 4% and expected inflation is currently 6%. If actual inflation turns out to be 7% over the loan contract period, then
borrowers gain 1% of the loan value
Legalizing all forms of illegal activities
increasing GDP and reduces the size of the underground economy.
The production possibilities frontier model assumes which of the following?
the economy produces only two products.
If cyclical unemployment is eliminated in the economy, then
the economy is considered to be at full employment
The slope of the production possibilities frontier
measures the opportunity cost of producing one more unit of a good
Economic decline (negative growth) is represented on a production possibilities frontier model by the production possibility frontier
shifting inward
Which of the following transactions represents the purchase of a final good?
your father buys a new John Deere riding lawn mower.
A sharp increase in the divorce rate increases the number of lawyers hired to determine divorce settlements. This will
increase GDP and decrease well being in the economy
To examine how the total production of an economy has changed over time, it would be better to examine
real GDP.
The value of what a U.S.-owned McDonald's produces in South Korea is included in the U.S. ____ and the South Korean ____.
GNP; GDP
Suppose the labor force stays constant, and the working-age population stays constant, but a greater number of persons who were unemployed become employed. The labor force participation rate will
remain constant.
A lumberjack loses his job because timber cutting restrictions were imposed by the EPA to protect the spotted owl habitat. This lumberjack would be
structurally unemployed
If firms pay what are called "efficiency wages," they pay wages that
motivate workers to increase their productivity.
A consumer price index of 160 in 1996 with a base year of 1982-1984 would mean that the cost of the market basket
rose 60% from the market basket in the base year.
The cost of firms of changing prices
is called a menu cost.
The size of the underground economy would tend to increase if the government of a country
increased income tax rates
Scarcity
stems from the incompatibility in market economies than in socialist economies.
The production possibilities frontier model shows that
if all resources are fully and efficiently utilized, more of one good can be produced only by producing less of another good
The points outside the production possibilities frontier are
unattainable
Gross domestic product is calculated by summing up
the total market value of final goods and services produced in the economy during a period of time.
Gross domestic product understates the total production of final goods and services because of the omission of
household production
Real GDP is GDP in a given year
valued in the prices of the base year
The output of Mexican citizens who work in Texas would be included in the
gross national product of Mexico.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics would categorize a person as ____ if they were temporarily away from their job because they were ill.
employed
Frictional unemployment is the result of
the search process of matching workers with jobs
Which of the following would increase the unemployment rate?
an increase in the unemployment insurance payments
Which of the following is true about the consumer price index?
It assumes that consumers purchase the same amount of each product in the market basket each month.
Suppose that in 2010, all prices in the economy double and that all wages and salaries have also doubled. In 2010 you
are no better off or worse off than you were in 2009 as the purchasing power of your salary has remained the same.