Pathophysiology Chapters 4&5
What is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide?
Smoking and chewing tobacco are the leading causes of ____ cancer.
head and neck
Exposure to asbestos increases the risk for cancer of the membranes of many internal organs and is commonly known as ____.
Surgical treatments for breast cancer include mastectomy and ____.
Which of the following are risk factors for ovarian cancer?
Polycystic ovary disease
History of pelvic inflammatory disease
A definitive diagnosis of cancer is made pending the results of a(n) ____.
Life expectancy for men who are surgical candidates for prostate cancer is ____.
The risk for testicular cancer is greatest in men ____ years of age.
Greater than 90% of esophageal cancer is attributed to ____.
Inadequate intake of fresh fruits and vegetables
The most important risk for bladder cancer in approximately 65% of males and 30% of females is ____.
The most common symptom of bladder cancer is ____.
Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are cancers of ____ tissue.
A distinguishing feature between Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is the presence of ____.
Massive proliferation of immature forms of white blood cells occurs in ____.
Malignant proliferation of pigment-producing cells occurs in ____.
The most common childhood cancer is ____.
Cancer of the sympathetic nervous system that consists of immature embryonic like cells is known as a ____.
The leading risk factor for prostate cancer is ____.
The majority of melanoma appear on the ____ in men and on the ____ in women.
Proliferation of abnormal whit blood cells occurs in ____.
A renal tumor that is composed of cells that resemble embryonic glomeruli is known as ____.
Cancer that occurs on the surface of bone is known as a(n) ____.
The prognosis and treatment of cancer is affected by ____.
Beginning at the age of 50 years the American Cancer Society recommends a(n) ____ or ____ every 5 years for the detection of cancer in the colon or rectum in asymptomatic individuals.
fecal occult blood, sigmoidoscopy
A cancer-related checkup is recommended every ____ year(s) by the American Cancer Society for individuals age 20-39 years.
Neoplasia means ____.
The development of cancer is termed ____.
Population-based studies of cancer rates are used to characterize the ____ of cancer.
Hepatitis B and C are common causes of ____ cancer.
Hilicobacter pylori infection is associated with ____ cancer.
What kind of trait tends to appear in each generation?
Which of the following is true of sex-linked traits?
normally show up in males
Accumulation of excess phenylalanine causes ____.
Which of the following is NOT considered a genetic disease?
A chart showing a family genetic background is called a ____.
Klinefelter's syndrome occurs in ____.
Down syndrome is the result of ____.
Albinism is the lack of the production of ____.
The scientific study of inheritance is called ____.
The 22 pairs of matched chromosomes are called ____.
What replicating molecule is found in the cell nucleus?
A matching set of genes for a given trait is called ____.
Eggs and sperms are called ____.
Sex-linked implies ____.
Huntington's chorea is ____.
What drug group may be used to reduce familial hypercholesterolemia?
What genetic disease affects about 10% of the black population?
sicle cell anemia
What culture is particularly impacted with Tay-Sachs disease?
European Jews (Ashkenazi)
What tropical disease has been associated with sickle cell trait?
Which of the following is true of Duchenne's muscular dystrophy?
is a sex-linked disease
Which of the following is true of red-green color blindness?
Fragile X disorder tends to result in ____.
Tay-Sachs disease may be prevented by ____.
What disorder leaves the person vulnerable to bleeding episodes?
Polydactly suggests ____.
extra fingers or toes
Those born with both testes and ovaries are known as ____.
What common procedure helps determine the gender of a fetus?
Which statement is TRUE?
Males normally suffer sex-linked disorders
What autosomal dominant disease causes atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease?
After smoking, diet and ____ is the next largest contributor to cancer deaths.
Symptoms of lung cancer include wheezing, stridor or a high pitch during respiration, hoarseness, and ____ or difficulty speaking.
The ____ for the development of breast cancer include age, female gender, and personal family history of breast cancer.
Cancers of the colon and rectum are most common in ____ societies where consumption of high fats, refined carbohydrates, and animal proteins, combined with low physical activity, is common.
Enlargement of the liver, also known as ____, may be a sign of liver cancer.
Molecular and epidemiological studies has shown that certain infections with human papillomavirus (HPV) types are central to the development of ____ cancer.
The most common sign of uterine cancer is ____, or uterine bleeding, especially after menopause.
The X and Y chromosomes are called ____ chromosomes.
Hemophilia is a(n) ____ trait.
An individual without skin pigment would be a(n) ____.
Cancer-causing genes are known as ____.
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