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Chapter 19 vocabulary from Ways of The World
Terms in this set (15)
an effort to apply Darwin's evolutionary theory to human history (Strong survive, weak die)
(Peasant Rebellion) Rejection of Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism; advocated for Christianity. Hong Xiuquan, the leader of the uprising, proclaimed himself as the brother of Jesus, sent to cleanse the world of demons and establish a heavenly kingdom of great peace.
Fight between Great Britain, Ireland, and the Qing Empire over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice for foreign nationals. China refused to accept and tax people for opium being imported into the country after realizing there was a mounting addiction problem.
Movement in China put into place to reinvigorate Chinese traditions w/ cautious borrowing from Europe.
Anti-foreign movement in China that sought to kill all Europeans that entered/were already in China, along with any Chinese Christians.
Collapsed as a result of European pressures, because of a lack of an Industrial revolution, Opium wars and widespread Opium addiction, unequal treaties, etc.
"the sick man of Europe"
The Ottoman empire; weakened by the status given to them by surrounding countries after losing most of its territories.
Reformist movement in the Ottoman empire that called for a strong and newly centralized state.
Ottomites who favored European secular system
Sultan Abd al-hamid II
Sultan of Ottoman empire; suppressed any kind of reform and was the last to enforce an autocratic rule.
Military & civilian elites who advocated for a militantly secular public life.
(China and Ottoman empire) Newly independent empires that were partly controlled by Europe.
Last feudal Japanese military govt. which existed b/t 1603 and 1867.
Political takeover by samurais, who put Meiji, a young emperor, back into power to save Japan from foreign domination.
Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)
First war where an Asian country defeated a strong, European power. (Japan and Russia) Formidable military competitor
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