Westward Expansion- civil war
Terms in this set (36)
the belief that God wanted us to move west
A beaver hunter, trailblazer, he was attacked by a bear
He brought people through the Cumberland gap
Survivor of the Alamo, her husband was a captain
a narrow pass through a long ridge of the Appalachian Mountains
Trail of tears
The journey that the cherokee indians took because they were forced off their land and onto a reserve
How would you describe Jedediah Smith? What do you think were his most important characteristics?
Jedediah Smith was a trailblazer and beaver hunter. He went out with a group to go beaver hunting and was attacked by a bear. He lived and kept going on the same hike. He was very strong and smart. He was very clever when it came to the woods.
Who was Susannah Dickinson, and what role did she play in the Alamo conflict?
Susannah and her infant daughter Angelina were among the few American survivors of the 1836 Battle of the Alamo during the Texas Revolution. Her husband, Captain Almaron Dickinson, and 182 other Texan defenders were killed by the Mexican army.
What was the significance of Daniel Boone's clearing of the Cumberland Gap?
The clearing of the Cumberland gap opened up the way to settlement of the lands beyond the Appalachians.
How did the Louisiana Purchase change the United States?
It increased the size of the Unites States. It let people go west. It went along with Jefferson's views of people being farmers.
Why was Thomas Jefferson eager for Lewis and Clark to explore the West?
He wanted to move his settlers there before anyone else did. He wanted people to be farmers and this land was perfect for that.
What were the most important items for trade during this time period covered in this episode?
Beaver pelts. Beavers were extinct in Europe and people liked the beaver pelts because they were warm and water repellent.
Who were the Donner Party, and what happened to them?
The Donner party were a couple of families on the Oregon trail who had a guide book that said it had a short cut. They took that short cut and it turned out to actually be longer and up in the mountains. They were up in the mountains and their wagon broke. They were stuck their through the winter and turned to canabalism. They would mark the body parts to make sure no one ate their own family members. Finally when someone came to rescue them only the father was still alive.
What was the Oregon Trail, and what was the experience like for those who traveled on it?
The Oregon trail was a trail headed to Oregon. Life was difficult. Women would give birth on the trail and other women would help them even though they were not doctors . There were many diseases and deaths on the trail. Indians were a big problem. Wagons would always break.
How and why did the United States acquire the Louisiana Purchase?
It was a land deal between the US and France
How and why did the United States acquire Texas?
The Texas government invited the US to Texas but then there was a conflict because the people they invited did not speak spanish and were not catholic. They then get into many battles which leads to the annexation of Texas which leads to the battle of the Alamo. The US the gets Cali, new Mexico, Utah, and Texas
How and why did the United States acquire the Mexican Cession?
After the treaty of Guadalupe Mexico seceded from the union.
Why did US leaders want to build the Erie Canal? How did the canal change the US?
It would increase the movement of goods from the great lakes to New York. NYC became a boomtown, Wall Street became a financial center, NYC increased to 4 times its original size.
Some historians refer to the increase in highways and roads in the US during the 19th century as a "transportation revolution." How did the addition of many more roads and highways affect the US?
It allowed more access to different areas using horse, wagons, etc that needed land to travel with. Making it easier to trade within different cities/towns that wasn't near a canal, river, or any type of water that could use transportation.
When was the Fugitive Slave Act passed, and what were the consequences of this law?
In 1783 the Fugitive slave Act was passed, but in 1850, it was abolished. It turned everybody in the city into slave catchers. If called on by authorities, it was required and if not done, you could face the same penalty the slave did. It made civilians feared too. California is a free state.
In this episode, a commentator says that the Civil War played a role in advancing US industrial progress. Can you give an example that proves this argument?
During the Civil War, the production of cotton was up so high. They had farms everywhere, and still needed to increase productivity. So they built machines that could turn fresh cotton into clean cotton that they could start using to make clothes. The more machines they built, the more money they would make.
What was the Northwest Ordinance, and what was its significance?
The most important of the three acts, laid the basis for the government of the Northwest Territory and for the admission of its constituent parts as states into the union.
What are the main elements of this compromise? Was this compromise successful? How long did it last, and when/why was it repealed?
Missouri admitted as slave state. Maine admitted as free state. Slavery disallowed in future territories north of the 36 ^o 30 line except within Missouri itself. The compromise was successful. It was from 1820-1821. The Kansas- Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise.
How did Texas gain its independence? What happened at the Alamo?
Remembering how badly the texans had been defeated at the Alamo, on April 21, 1836, Houston's army won a quick battle against the Mexican forces at San Jacinto and gained independence for Texas. Texas and San Antonio got in a fight.
Acquisition of Oregon Territory from Britain:
How was this acquisition linked to Texas?
They still had to pay taxes to Britain
What did the Kansas- Nebraska Act hope to achieve?
it mandated popular sovereignty. allowing settlers of a territory to decide whether slavery would be allowed within a new state's borders
Sumner- Brooks Clash:
Why did these two congressman clash?
Brooks attacked Sumner with a cain because he was against his speech on The Crime Against Kansas
What happened during the Dred-Scott case, and why was it significant in the debates surrounding slavery in the US at this time?
Scott lived in a free state with his owner. He then ran away. He was proven guilty
Secession of South Carolina (followed by 10 other states)
Why did these southern states secede?
They did not think the government should tell them how to live.
When was the emancipation proclamation signed, and how did it shape the Civil war?
It was signed on January 1, 1862. This effected the civil war because now black men could fight in the war. They fought for the union.
What were three outcomes of the Battle of Gettysburg? Why is Gettysburg still remembered as a turning point in the Civil War?
This was one of the first major battle African-Americans fought in
Abraham Lincoln wrote the Gettysburg Address, which states the function of our government, a government "of the people, by the people, and for the people."
On what date did Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation?
September 22, 1862
On what date would this document go into effect?
January 1, 1863
Slaves in which state would be free?
It declared free only those slaves living in states not under union control.
Who would enforce the freedom of the former slaves?
Government of the US and the military
What does the following quote by Abraham Lincoln mean?
"That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be, in good faith, represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States."
States will be represented in the congress of the US.