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19 terms

Western Civ. Chapter Two Review

STUDY
PLAY
golden age
Era of cultural progress in Greece in the 400s B.C.
acropolis
1. Hill or mountain in Greece that included a fort as well as temples and other public buildings. 2. (Acropolis) A high hill that marked the center of ancient Athens.
parthenon
White marble temple built in ancient Athens in honor of Athena.
myron
sculpted the famous figure The Discus Thrower
phidias
created the statues of Athena that decorated the Acropolis and the Parthenon
Praxiteles
lived about 100 years after Phidias; made large, formal works appropriate for the gods
philosophy
Study of basic questions of reality and human existence.
aristocracy
Government ruled by an upper class.
dramas
Plays containing action or dialogue and usually involving conflict and emotion.
tragedies
Forms of Greek drama in which the main character struggles against fate or events.
Plato
wealthy young aristocrat and one of the greatest of Socrates' students
Aristotle
one of plato's students; founded his own schoo in 335 B.C.
Pythagoras
was a philosopher who believed that everything could be explained in terms of mathematics
Hippocrates
lived between about 460 B.C. and about 377 B.C., is considered to be the founder of medical science
Herodotus
the first historian of the Western world. Herodotus traveled to Babylonia, Phoenicia, and Egypt
Sophocles
writer of tragedies who defended many traditional Greek values
Euripides
was more of a realist than Aeschylus or Sophocles; he questioned many old beliefs and ideas
Aristophanes
was known for his sharp wit
Socrates
Socrates. One of the most important thinkers of the new era was an Athenian, Socrates (SAHK·ruh·teez). He taught that education was the key to personal growth. Socrates did not use memorization as a teaching tool. he insisted that students be trained to think for themselves.