CSET Flash Facts - English

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Analyzing word structure
The most advance strategy for identifying a word is usually...
Etymology means the study of words and their origins
What does etymology mean?
Semantics is the meaning of a word or words
What does semantics mean?
Satire
This is a manifestation of the author's tone, or attitude, & the author's purpose
Novel
This type of writing is an extended fictional prose narrative, from the Italian word novella
Meter
What is the pattern of stressed or accented words within a line of verse?
We're not sure. No research has shown this to be true
Does silent, independent reading improve reading achievements?
A static character does not change enough to impact the story. A dynamic character can impact plot.
What is the difference between a static and a dynamic character?
The character who struggles against something or someone, usually the "bad guy"
What is an antagonist?
Rhyme scheme
a,b,a,b, c,b,c,b is an example of?
Theme is the why of a story, and often the moral.
What is a theme?
Setting
Which element os literature is the when of the story and the where?
Stanza
In poetry, what is a grouping of lines with a metrical order and often a repeated rhyme?
Syntax
Word order, sentence type, and length are defined as...
A sonnet
What type of poem has 14 lines?
Essays
Speculative, argumentative, narrative, and expository are types of...
Present a point and provide evidence to support it
The purpose of an argumentative essay is to...
Pattern, or design
A poem's form describes its...
When a word represents the actual sound described by what word (ie. buzz)
Onomatopoeia is....
Consonance is repetition of the final consonant sound in a series of words
What is consonance?
Understand the sounds shared by words in the same word family
Oral rhyming activities held a child to...
The child can analyze word structure better
A strong oral vocabulary helps a child read because...
Pre-writing (outlining, webbing, etc.), rough draft, self-editing, 2nd draft, peer editing, final draft (publication)
What are the stages of the writing process?
Morphology means the study of the forms of words.
What does morphology mean?
The study of sound
What does phonics mean?
Prose
What is writing that is not poetry? It is unmetered, unrhymed, and can be fiction or nonfiction.
The basic subject-predicate structure of sentences in the same.
How are the languages of the world similar?
Exposure to their use
Adults acquire new words and expressions primary through...
Iambic meter
What type of meter has a patter of stressed and unstressed syllable?
The character who struggles towards or for something, usually the main character
What is a protagonist?
Neither rythme. Free verse's metrical pattern shifts; blank verse has a strict rhythm.
What is the difference between free verse and blank verse?
A paradox
What is an action, situation, or feeling that appears to be contradictory but actually makes sense?
Oxymoron
When contradictory words are placed next to each other, such as working vacation, it's called an...
Monometer
A poem's line with just one foot (an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable) is called a...
Points of view
3rd person narrative, 1st person narrator, and 3rd person omniscient are...
A ballad
a story within a song is called...
One with a closed form
Which type of poetry has a counted pattern, one that's formed is closed, OR one that's form is open?
A pattern in poetry that has ten syllables that alternate between stressed and unstressed syllables
What is iambic pentameter?
Assonance is the repetition of a vowel sound, usually inside a word.
What is assonance?
Alliteration
The repetition of consonants at the beginning of words is called...
A literary device that gives a non-human thing characteristics and/or abilities of a human
What is a personification?
Both compare one thing to another. A simile uses the words "like" or "as."
What is the similarity and the differences between a simile and a metaphor?
Denotation is the exact definition of word.
What is a denotation?
Skills in phonological processing
A smart, well-educated child who cannot read most likely lacks...
Identifying the first sound in a word
The easiest phonemic awareness skill for children is often...
Letter recognition and phonemic awareness
The two most important skills in helping a child learn to read are...
Phonology means the study of sounds
What does phonology mean?
Syntax is the way in which words are arranged to form phrases and sentences.
What is syntax?
Aural means of the ear; the sense of hearing.
What does aural mean?
Connotative means the implied meaning of a word.
What does connotative mean?
Setting, characters, tone, theme, point of view, plot (including rising action, climax, falling action, denouement).
List the elements of literature.
Phonemic awareness is a progressive development as one gains understanding of the sounds that letters and letter combinations make.
What is phonemic awareness...
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