AP EURO Review Ch. 28
all important words and vocab throughout chapter 28 of the ap european history book
Terms in this set (52)
German expressionist artist famous for her prints of war, famine, and their effects on women
French poet and critic that spoke of a "crisis of the mind," and "a dark future for Europe"
German philosopher who said that "God is dead," that lackadaisical people killed him with their false values. Said that Christianity and all religion is a "slave morality." He also said that the only hope for mankind was to accept the meaninglessness of human life, and to then use that meaninglessness as a source of personal integrity and liberation. Also stated that from this meaninglessness people called Supermen would exert their mind on other and rise to power. he appealed to people who liked totalitarianism.
In the 1890's, French philosophy professor Henri Bergson (1859-1941) convinced many young people through his writing that immediate experience and intuition were as important as rational and scientific thinking for understanding reality. Indeed, according to Bergson, a religious experience or a mystical poem was often more accessible to human comprehension than a scientific or a mathematical equation. (929)
A French socialist who thought there socialism would come from a general strike of all workers that would cripple the capitalist system. Thought that socialism was an improbable religion rather than accepted truth. Thought that the new socialist governments would not be democratic, rather controlled by a small revolutionary elite. He did not like democracy.
The philosophical ideology that simply rejected the concerns of modern philosophy, like god and morality. Mainly started with Austrian philosopher Wittgenstein.
Written by Wittgenstein. Promoted Logical Empiricism.
existentialism- philosophical movemnt that takes as its starting point reflection on hthe concrete existence of humans and what is means to be a human being living in the sort of world in which we actually love
The idea that human beings simply exist, have no higher purpose, and must exist and choose their actions for themselves. Existentialism mainly influenced by Nietzsche. Existentialism sustain popularity in Germany with Martin Heidegger and Karl Jaspers who appealed to university students.
Danish religious philosopher who made a total religious commitment to a remote and majestic god, after rejecting formalistic religion
Leading existential Christian thinker, thought catholic church was "hope, humanity, honesty, and piety," after broken world and WWI, also advocated closer ties with non-Catholics
Philosopher who spoke of "kneeling before the world" which he saw spreading among the clergy
wrote "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," "The Waste Land" and "The Hollow Men;" British WWI poet, playwright, and literary critic
Marie (1867-1934) a polish born physicist, and her husband Pierre discovered that radium constantly emits subatomic particles, which means it doesn't have a constant weight.
German physicist whose explanation of blackbody radiation in the context of quantized energy emissions initiated quantum theory (1858-1947)
physicist born in Germany who formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity
Heroic age of physics
The 1920s opened the "__________", in the words of one of its leading pioneers, Ernest Rutherford.
subatomic particle with no charge, the same mass as a proton, and located in the nucleus of the atom.
from his gold foil expirments, he knew some substances give off + charged particles called alpha particles, most of the mass of an atom is in the nucleus, he reasoned that electrons in the atom are whirled around outside the nucleus, most of the atom is empty space
A German physicist that speculated that there was no real certainty in where an electron was, and only tendencies. This broke down Newton's dependable laws to only probabilities.
Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939); Said that human behavior is irrational; behavior is the outcome of conflict between the id (irrational unconscious driven by sexual, aggressive, and pleasure-seeking desires) and ego (rationalizing conscious, what one can do) and superego (ingrained moral values, what one should do).
contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification
the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain
the part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations
the narrative technique that attempts to reproduce the full and uninterrupted flow of a characters mental process, in which ideas, memories, and sense impressions may intermingle without logical transitions
A novel made up of a series of internal monologues, in which ideas and emotions from different periods of time bubble up as randomly as from a patient on a psychoanalyst's couch.
The Sound and the Fury
Some authors described ____, nightmare visions of things to come
a psychology based on the assumption that all mental process are useful to an organism in adapting to the environment
A twentieth-century French architect and city planner known for designing buildings with unusual curves and unconventional shapes.
a German interdisciplinary school of fine and applied arts that brought together many leading modern architects, designers, and theatrical innovators.
A German architect who is considered one of the founders of modern architecture. In 1923, designed what is now the modern door-handle. He was the first director of the Bauhaus (1919 1925), and established the Architect's Collaborative (TAC) in 1945 (an American architectural firm).
a school of late 19th century French painters who pictured appearances by strokes of unmixed colors to give the impression of reflected light
was a school of painting and sculpture that emphasized producing fidelity to optical fact. The painters were also called photorealists because they used photos as sources for their work.
A late nineteenth-century style that relies on the Impressionist use of color and spontaneous brushwork but that employs these elements as expressive devices.
Dutch postimpressionist painter noted for his use of color (1853-1890)
French post-impressionist painter who worked in the South Pacific (1848-1903)
an artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planes
a nihilistic art movement (especially in painting) that flourished in Europe early in the 20th century
a 20th century movement of artists and writers (developing out of Dadaism) who used fantastic images and incongruous juxtapositions in order to represent unconscious thoughts and dreams
a Spanish artist, founder of Cubism, which focused on geometric shapes and overlapping planes
A "silent comedian," this movie star continued to lengthen the silent film style and offer an alternative to the sound film with his trademark tattered suit, derby hat, and cane, playing the "little tramp" who made audiences laugh with his silent jokes.
A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.
'My Struggle' by hitler, later became the basic book of nazi goals and ideology, reflected obsession
the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s.
31st President of the United States
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
32nd President of the United States
the historic period (1933-1940) in the U.S. during which President Franklin Roosevelt's economic policies were implemented
Works Progress Administration
May 6, 1935- Began under Hoover and continued under Roosevelt but was headed by Harry L. Hopkins. Provided jobs and income to the unemplyed but couldn't work more than 30 hours a week. It built many public buildings and roads, and as well operated a large arts project.
The largest political party in Sweden, who pushed for social reform legislation, and drew support from community and socialist and capitalist working together.
Political group active in aiding the leftist forces in the Spanish Civil War. Earnest Hemingway and other prominent American intellectuals and writers joined the group