38 terms

BRS PreCollege Vocab: Traits

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attribute (v)
(The police investigator attributed the accident to a problem with the brakes.)
(v) to regard as caused by or resulting from
把...归于
attribute (n)
(The ability to make tools was thought to be an attribute unique to man, but now we know chimpanzees also make tools.)
(n) a quality belonging to someone or something
属性,品质
benevolent
(The benevolent boy, though hurried, stopped to give his puppy a scratch behind the ears.)
(adj) having a tendency to act kindly
善心的,仁心的
benevolence
(The benevolence of Santa Claus, who brings toys and gifts to everyone, makes children happy.)
(n) kindness; generosity; charity
善心,仁心
cynical
(The politician had to convince the cynical audience that he meant what he said.)
(adj) believing that people act only to help or advance themselves
愤世嫉俗的,怀疑的
cynic
(I have become a cynic and no longer believe in politicians' promises or that wars will solve any problems.)
(n) someone who is critical of the motives of others
犬儒主义者,愤世嫉俗者
cynicism
(Your cynicism about love means we can never have a good relationship.)
(n) the belief that all human action is motivated by selfishness
愤世嫉俗,犬儒主义
gullible
(Gullible customers often do not realize that they are being tricked by dishonest shopkeepers.)
(adj) easily tricked or imposed upon
易受骗的
hesitant
(Just then he heard light, hesitant knocks on his door, like someone knocking who didn't expect an answer.)
(adj) tending to pause because of uncertainty
犹豫的
hesitate
(In the event of difficulties, please do not hesitate to contact our Customer Service Department.)
(v) pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness
犹豫,踌躇;不愿,含糊,支吾
hesitancy
(He was known for his hesitancy in challenging calls by the referee, and this time it cost him the gold medal.)
(n) a feeling of diffidence and indecision about doing something
踌躇
idiosyncrasy
(One of Li Na's idiosyncrasies was that she couldn't fall asleep without her blanket.)
(n) personal peculiarity
个人特有的)癖好,嗜好;(物品的)特色,特点
idiosyncratic
(An idiosyncratic feature of the school was its approach to the learning of a second language.)
(adj) peculiar to one person; highly individualized
独特的
impetuous
(He was young and impetuous and would take risks that scared most other people.)
(adj) having a tendency to act upon impulse
冲动的
impetuosity
(With characteristic impetuosity, he decided to buy the car right then, without waiting.)
(n) impulsiveness, rashness
冲动
miserly
(Scrooge, in "A Christmas Carol," was known by all to be miserly, because he never gave money to the poor.)
(adj) careful with how money is spent; thrifty
吝啬的
miser
(He was a real miser who would never spend a cent on clothes, eating out, or anything not absolutely necessary.)
(n) a person who doesn't like to spend money
守财奴,吝啬鬼
miserable
(She went to bed, miserable and depressed, because she knew she would be lonely and despised the rest of her life.)
(adj) feeling badly; the condition of feeling unhappy
悲惨的;少的可怜的
quirk
(The whole family was amused by Grandfather's quirk of dressing like a sea captain during our vacation.)
(n) an odd action of a person or thing
奇事;怪癖
quirky
(Lady Gaga has a quirky style of dressing.)
(adj) characterized by eccentric habits and odd mannerisms; peculiar
奇特的,离奇的,古怪的
quirk
(Natsha was embarrassed when Alan noticed her quirk of saying "whatever" instead of "yes" or "no.")
(n) an unusual habit, oddity
特质
serene
(The serene view out the window was of blue skies and puffy white clouds which helped me rest.)
(adj) calm and peaceful
安静的,平静的;清澈的,晴朗的
serenity
(The Maldives are a place for people who are tired of the hustle of urban life and dream of serenity.)
(n) calmness; placidity
宁静,沉着,晴朗
condescend
(The little boy obviously felt he was superior to everyone and would only condescend to speak when he had a demand.)
(v) to show that you believe you are more intelligent or better than other people
屈尊,带着优越感对待
condescension
(There was a hint of condescension in her greeting, as though we should feel grateful she would speak to us at all.)
(n) the attitude or behavior of people who believe they are more intelligent or better than other people
傲慢;屈尊;俯就
diffident
(She was diffident about talking or saying what she felt, and most of our time was spent in silence.)
(adj) shy; lacking self-confidence; modest;
缺乏自信的;羞怯的和胆小的
diffidence
(His diffidence made him quiet, but he loved to bring his treasures to show us.)
(n) shyness; lack of confidence
无自信,内向,羞怯
hypocritical
(It was hypocritical of him to pretend he was my friend, when all along he was hoping I would fail.)
(v) pretending to be virtuous; deceiving
虚伪的,伪善的
hypocrite
(Are you a hypocrite if you tell your children not to take drugs, but you drink a glass of wine every night?)
(n) a person who pretends to be what he or she is not or better than he or she really is; a two-faced person
伪善者,伪君子
irreverent
(The irreverent comedy of the clown made us roar with laughter.)
(adj) disrespectful
不尊重的
irreverence
(His irreverence and making fun of authority has frequently landed him in trouble.)
(n) disrespect
不尊敬的
magnanimous
(The team was magnanimous in victory, and everyone shook hands, forgetting all the disputes during the game.)
(adj) forgiving; noble in spirit; generous
宽宏大量的,慷慨的
obstinate
(The obstinate old man refused to go to hospital.)
(adj) stubborn or hard to convince
固执的
prejudiced
(Most Americans deny being prejudiced against people of other races.)
(adj) being biased or having a belief or attitude formed without facts or reason
有成见的;偏颇的
tolerant
(The election of Barak Obama demonstrated to the world that America had become a more tolerant society.)
(adj) showing willingness to allow the existence of opinions or behavior that one does not necessarily agree with
容忍的;宽容的
tolerance
(Indonesia, world's most populous Muslim-majority country, has a tradition of tolerance toward other religions.)
(n) acceptance
气度
antonym: intolerance
vibrant
(She has a vibrant personality.)
(adj) vigorous and active
活泼的;生气勃勃的
willful
(He has shown a willful disregard for other people's feelings.)
(adj) stubbornly self-willed; done on purpose
任性的