- sets up the government - defines the government - protects basic rights of Americans
What does the Constitution do?
We the People
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
- a change (to the Constitution) - an addition (to the Constitution)
What is an amendment?
the Bill of Rights
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
- speech - religion - assembly - press - petition the government
What is ONE right or freedom from the First Amendment?
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
- announced our independence (from Great Britain) - declared our independence (from Great Britain) - said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
- life - liberty - pursuit of happiness
What are TWO rights in the Declaration of Independence?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
What is freedom of religion?
- capitalist economy - market economy
What is the economic system in the United States?
- Everyone must follow the law. - Leaders must obey the law. - Government must obey the law. - No one is above the law.
What is the "rule of law"?
- Congress - legislative - President - executive - the courts - judicial
Name ONE branch or part of the government
- checks and balances - separation of powers
What stops ONE branch of government from becoming too powerful?
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
- Congress - Senate and House (of Representatives) - (U. S. or national) legislature
Who makes federal laws?
the Senate and House (of Representatives)
What are the TWO parts of the U. S. Congress?
How many U.S. Senators are there?
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
- Mary Landrieu - David Vitter
Who is ONE of your state's U.S. Senators now?
The House of Representatives has how many voing members?
We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
Name your U.S. Representative.
all people of the state
Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
because of: - the state's population - they have more people - some states have more people
Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
We elect a President for how many years?
In what month do we vote for President?
What is the name of the President of the United States now?
What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
the Vice President
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
the Speaker of the House
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
Who signs bills to become laws?
Who vetoes bills?
advises the President
What does the President's Cabinet do?
Secretary of Education Secretary of Agriculture Secretory of Veterans Affairs Vice President
What are TWO Cabinet-level positions?
- reviews laws - explains laws - resolves disputes (disagreements) - decides if a law goes against the Constitution
What does the judicial branch do?
the Supreme Court
What is the highest court in the United States?
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
- to print money - to declare war - to create an army - to make treaties
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is ONE power of the federal government?
- provide schooling and education - provide protection (police) - provide safety (fire departments) - give a driver's license - approve zoning and land use
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is ONE power of the states?
Who is the Governor of your state?
What is the capital of your state?
Democratic and Republican
What are the TWO major political parties in the United States?
What is the political party of the President now?
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
- Citizens 18 and older (can vote) - You don't have to pay (a poll tax) to vote - Any citizen can vote (Women and men can vote). - A male citizen of any race (can vote).
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe ONE of them.
- serve on a jury - vote in a federal election
What is ONE responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
- vote in a federal election - run for federal office
Name ONE right only for United States citizens.
- freedom of expression - freedom of speech - freedom of assembly - freedom of warship - freedom to petition the government - the right to bear arms
What are TWO rights of everyone living in the United States?
- the United States - the flag
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
- give up loyalty to other countries - defend the Constitution and laws of the United States - obey the laws of the United States - serve in the U.S. military - serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) - be loyal to the United States
What is ONE promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
18 and older
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President
- vote - join a political party - help with a campaign - join a civic group - join a community group - give an elected official your opinion on an issue - call Senators and Representatives - publicly support or oppose an issue or policy - run for office - write to a newspaper
What are TWO ways that Americans can participant in their democracy?
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
- at age 18 - between 18 and 26
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
- freedom - political liberty - religious freedom - economic opportunity - practice their religion - escape persecution
What is ONE reason colonists came to America?
- American Indians - Native Americans
Who lived in America before the Europeans?
- Africans - people from Africa
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
- because of high taxes (taxation without representation) - because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering) - because they didn't have self-government
Why did the colonists fight the British?
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
July 4, 1776
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
- New Hampshire - Massachusetts - Rhode Island - Connecticut - New York - New Jersey - Pennsylvania - Delaware - Maryland - Virginia - North Carolina - South Carolina - Georgia
There were 13 original states. Name THREE.
- The Constitution was written - The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
When was the Constitution written?
- (James) Madison - (Alexander) Hamilton - (John) Jay - Publius
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name ONE of the writers.
- U.S. diplomat - oldest member of the Constitutional Convention - first Postmaster General of United States - writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac" - started the first free libraries
What is ONE thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
Who was the first President?
- the Louisiana Territory - Louisiana
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
- War of 1812 - Mexican-American War - Civil War - Spanish-American War
Name ONE war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
- the Civil War - the War between the States
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
- slavery - economic reasons - states' rights
Name ONE problem that led to the Civil War.
- freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) - saved the Union - led the United States during the Civil War
What was ONE important thing Abraham Lincoln did?
- freed the slaves - freed slaves in the Confederacy - freed slaves in the Confederate states - freed slaves in most Southern states
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
- fought for women's rights - fought for civil rights
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
- World War I - World War II - Korean War - Vietnam War - (Persian) Gulf War
Name ONE war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
Who was President during World War I?
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
Japan, Germany, and Italy
Who did the United States fight in World War II?
World War II
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
civil rights (movement)
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
- fought for civil rights - worked for equality for all Americans
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
Terrorists attacked the United States.
What major event happened on September 11, 2011, in the United States?
- Cherokee - Creek - Shawnee - Crow - Hopi
Name ONE American Indian tribe in the United States.
- Missouri (River) - Mississippi (River)
Name ONE of the two longest rivers in the United States.
What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
- U.S. Virgin Islands - Guam - Puerto RIco
Name ONE U.S. territory.
- Maine - New York - Alaska
Name ONE state that border Canada.
- California - Arizona - New Mexico
Name ONE state that borders Mexico.
What is the capital of the United States?
- New York (Harbor) - Liberty Island
Where is the Statue of Liberty
because there were 13 original colonies
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
because there are 50 states
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
The Star-Spangled Banner
What is the name of the national anthem?
When do we celebrate Independence Day?
New Year's Day Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Memorial Day Independence Day Labor Day Thanksgiving Christmas