D. Geography Unit 2 - Development Dilemmas Topic 4
Terms in this set (18)
Equipment that the local community is able to use relatively easily and without much cost
Development projects that come from local communities rather than central government or external agencies
The most important social, economic and political area of a country or global region - the centre of power
A great difference - between parts of a country in terms of wealth
Environmental Impact Assessment
A method of evaluating the effects of plans and policies on the environment
The use of fast flowing water to turn turbines which produce electricity
Human Development Index
A measure of development that uses four economic and social indicators to produce an index figure that allows comparison between countries
Small-scale HEP that generate electricity locally
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
The development goals agreed by the world governments at the UN summit in September 2000
Charities such as WaterAid who do not report back to a specific government or country
The outer limits or edge of an area, often remote or isolated from the core
A state of shortage of money and goods, usually measured in terms of average wealth and income in society
A set of processes that maintain a group or society in poverty
Approach in which projects are set up and organised by governments, often with little consultation with local communities
Model created in the 1950's that gives an idea of where a country is in their stage of development. The model of economic development describes a country's progression which occurs in five stages transforming them from least-developed to most-developed countries. There are five stages in this model, including: 1. "The traditional society," 2. "The preconditions for takeoff," 3. "The takeoff," 4. "The drive to maturity," 5. "The age of mass consumption."
. Based on the idea that certain types of political and economic relations (especially colonialism) between countries and regions of the world have created arrangements that both control and limit the extent to which regions can develop.
A model that describes how economic, political, and/or cultural power is spatially distributed between dominant core regions, and more marginal or dependent semi-peripheral and peripheral regions.
Expansion of economic activity caused by the growth or introduction of another economic activity
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