tropes and rhetorical devices
repetition of the same sound beginning several words in a sequence
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses
repetition of the same word or phrase at the end of successive clauses
opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction
a short pithy instructive saying
expression of doubt (often feigned) by which a speaker appears uncertain as to what he should think, say, or do.
a suddent urn from the general audience to address a specific group or person or personified abstraction absent or present
two corresponding pairs arranged not in parallels (a-b-a-b), but in inverted order (a-b-b-a)
arrangement of clauses in ascending order of power
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary)
implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
using words that imitate the sound they denote
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
drawing attention to something by claiming not to mention it
surprise or unexpected ending of a phrase or series.
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
Pretended omission for rhetorical effect.
comparison using like or as
a sensation that normally occurs in one sense modality occurs when another modality is stimulated
substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
repetition of an idea in a different word, phrase, or sentence
two different words linked to a verb or an adjective which is strictly appropriate to only one of them
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects
any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
a logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position
deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises