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36 terms

TROPES!

tropes and rhetorical devices
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Alliteration
repetition of the same sound beginning several words in a sequence
Allusion
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
Anaphora
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses
Antistrophe
repetition of the same word or phrase at the end of successive clauses
Antithesis
opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction
Aphorism
a short pithy instructive saying
Aporia
expression of doubt (often feigned) by which a speaker appears uncertain as to what he should think, say, or do.
Apostrophe
a suddent urn from the general audience to address a specific group or person or personified abstraction absent or present
chiasmus
two corresponding pairs arranged not in parallels (a-b-a-b), but in inverted order (a-b-b-a)
climax
arrangement of clauses in ascending order of power
euphemism
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
litotes
understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary)
metaphor
implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words
metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote
oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
parallelism
phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
paralipsis
drawing attention to something by claiming not to mention it
paraprosdokian
surprise or unexpected ending of a phrase or series.
personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
praeteritio
Pretended omission for rhetorical effect.
simile
comparison using like or as
synaesthesia
a sensation that normally occurs in one sense modality occurs when another modality is stimulated
synecdoche
substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
tautology
repetition of an idea in a different word, phrase, or sentence
zuegma
two different words linked to a verb or an adjective which is strictly appropriate to only one of them
analogy
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
conceit
a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects
epithet
any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality
pun
play on words
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
straw man
a logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position
syllogism
deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises