Terms in this set (22)
Navigational instrument for finding directions. The explorers and sailors needed to use this device to navigate uncharted waters.
Merchants in a organized business during the Commercial Revolution raised money by selling shares, or stocks, in the company
An economic theory where the world contained a set amount of wealth, in order to gain wealth was to take wealth from other countries.
Favorable balance of trade
When a country sells more goods than it buys.
A system to reduce the amount of goods coming into another country.
grants of money.
Between 1400 and 1750 when Europeans make major changes to their economies to support new exploration. Example would include producing coins with a fixed value
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Cotton, Weapons and liquor to Africa
Portugal Explorer who discovered the west side of Africa and wanted to spread the Christian Faith, created schools for navigation
Portugal, sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and to the southern tip of Africa
Vasco De Gama
Portugal, sailed eastward across the Indian Ocean, discovered India, made second trip and came back with many valuables
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas "The New World" and the "Old World" Europe following Columbus's voyages. This changed the lifestyles of various populations forever. Example being that the Spanish brought horse to the America's and this changed the Native American's ability to explore.
Treaty of Tordesillas
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
Italian navigator who travelled for Spain. He went across the Atlantic several times and discovered South America and called it the New World. American was named after him.
A Portuguese navigator who sailed for Spain, we was said to have travelled around the world but he died and his shipmates continued on to complete the around the world mission.
The shipment of slaves across the Atlantic to the Americas
Lived in the Vatican, highest power, set up the Treaty of Tordesillas
The Russian king and he helped the world to better navigation.
Claimed that Moscow was the third Rome and would bring spiritual light of Christian orthodoxy to the whole world.
Turkish people who controlled the area south of Kiev after 1055AD.
"Ivan the Great"; ruled as great prince and first ruler of the independent state called Russia
Ivan the Terrible
(1533-1584) earned his nickname for his great acts of cruelty directed toward all those with whom he disagreed. He became the first ruler to assume the title Czar of all Russia.