Terms in this set (881)

the US was really unprepared for war. The strategy was a three-pronged attack on Canada and harassment of British shipping. At Detroit, 2000 American troops surrendered to a much smaller British and Indian force. An attack across the Niagara River, near Buffalo, resulted in 900 American prisoners of war. Along Lake Champlain, a third army retreated into American territory after failing to cut undefended British supply lines. The tide turned with a naval victory led by Oliver Hazard Perry on Lake Erie on September 10, 1813. The victory caused the British to abandon Detroit and retreat toward Niagara. On October 5th, William Henry Harrison overtook them at the Thames River and crushed them. Tecumseh was killed. In spring 1814, the British defeated Napoleon, which freed up 18,000 soldiers that they planned to send to upstate New York, the Chesapeake, and New Orleans. The British forces at Niagara were halted, but the 4000 soldiers that headed to Washington D.C. were not. After D.C., the British headed for Baltimore, but they were repulsed by Fort McHenry. From there they headed to New Orleans, where Andrew Jackson and a ragtag group of fighters crushed them. The Treaty of Ghent officially ended the war. Significant results include that Native Americans lost any hope of defending territory east of the Mississippi, and ceded most land to the US. Spain realized that the US was not something they wanted to play with, and agreed to give up Florida and acknowledge the western boundary of the US the Pacific Ocean. The Federalists released the proposals of the Hartford Convention at the same time the American victory/draw became known, and they never recovered from the political stigma.
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