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23 terms

Male and Female Reproduction

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Ovary
Reproductive structure that produces eggs
Fallopian tube
Organs that lead from the ovaries to the uterus
Uterus
A hollow, muscular organ in which the embryo and fetus develope
Vagina
A muscular tube that leads from the uterus to the outside of the female body
Clitoris
a female sexual organ homologous to the penis
Testes
The male gonads, which produce sperm and secrete male sex hormones.
Epididymis
A long coiled tube on the surface of the testes where sperm mature
Vas deferens
Tube through which sperm move from the epididymis to the urethra
Seminal vesicle
Glands that produce fluids rich in sugars to nourish sperm cells
Prostrate gland
encircles the upper end of the urethra, secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of sperm
Urethra
Is the tube through which urine leaves the bladder and exits the body
Penis
Male reproductive organ that delivers sperm to the female reproductive tract
Scrotum
The pouch of skin containing the testicles,
Menstrual cycle length
28 days
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone
Estrogen
a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
LH
luteinizing hormone, stimulates ovulation/testosterones development
Progesterone
A steroid hormone that acts to prepare the uterus for implantation of the fertilized ovum, to maintain pregnancy, and promote development of mammary gland
Fertilization
Sperm meets egg, menstruation stops
Implantation
Into endometrium, burrowing of blastocyst into the lining of the uterus
Ectopic pregnancy
Occurs outside the womb, fetus cannot survive, does not develop
Contraception
Abstinence, sterilization (vasectomy tubal ligation, essure)
Hormonal methods: birth control, vaginal ring
Prevention of implantation
Morning after emergency pill
Barrier methods: condom, sponge cervical cap