REL 1300: Buddhist Traditions
Terms in this set (40)
To whom did the Buddha deliver his first sutra (discourse or sermon)?
The five ascetics that were his former companions
According to Buddhist tradition, a spiritual being in the form of ________ entered the body of the mother of the Buddha to become the embryo of the Buddha-to-be.
A sacred white elephant
The term 'nirvana', in Buddhism, refers to ________ .
The state of enlightenment
The Buddhist monastic community consists of ordained men and women called ________ .
Bhikshus and bhikshunis
Where was the Buddha's first sutra (discourse or sermon)?
The deer park Sarnath, near Varanasi.
In the Buddhist tradition, the term 'dharma' means ________ .
Vajrayana is also known as ________ .
To what does the Buddha's parinirvana refer?
His death, and moment of final release from the cycle of rebirth
What great king converted to Buddhism and helped spread it throughout India?
In Buddhist tradition, Mara is ________ .
The lord of illusion and death
According to what Mahayana school can we invoke the name of Amitabha Buddha to be reborn in his realm, and from there achieve enlightenment?
What is the gongan ('koan' in Japanese)?
A paradoxical thought exercise designed to defy rational understanding and propel the student toward enlightenment
Who is the pot-bellied 'Happy Buddha' in Chinese culture, derived from the bodhisattva Maitreya?
What does the Wheel of Becoming (Bhava-Chakra) represent?
The 12 links or stages of dependent origination.
What vow were Mahayana Buddhists, both lay and monastic, encouraged to take?
What title, meaning 'thus-gone one', does the Buddha most often use to refer to himself?
The collection of 'birth stories', or tales of the Buddha's previous lives, are called ________ .
What were the four sights that, according to tradition, Siddartha Gautama saw that caused him to leave his home life and become and ascetic?
A sick man, an old man, a dead man, and a monk
Which of the following is NOT one of the Four Noble Truths?
The cosmos has no beginning, middle, or end
The sacred geometric design used in Vajrayana Buddhist practice is called a ________ .
According to most accounts, approximately when did Siddartha Gautama live?
Fifth to sixth century BCE.
A stupa is ________ .
a mound or structure built over an important relic, which becomes a pilgrimage site
The Buddha's first sutra (discourse or sermon) was on ________ .
The Middle Way
Theravada Buddhists practice a simple form of meditation called ________ .
What are the 'Three Jewels or Gems' in Buddhism?
The Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha
The term 'arhat' means ________ .
'worthy one' or 'saint'
Who is traditionally believed to have brought Buddhism to Tibet?
Modern socially active Buddhism, developed by Vietnamese Zen master Thich Nhat Hanh, is referred to as ________ .
Which bodhisattva of compassion in China is named ________ . Sometimes this bodhisattva is referred to as the 'Virgin Mary of East Asia'?
'Mahayana' means ________ .
The term anatman means ________ .
'no-self' or 'no-soul'
The Madhyamika ('Middle Way') school was founded by ________ .
The term dukkha means ________ .
The term 'bodhisattva' means ________ .
One who as dedicated him- or herself to achieving buddahood
To where, according to tradition, was Buddhism taken by the monk Mahinda in the third century?
According to Buddhist tradition, what are the three characteristics of existence?
Suffering, impermanence, and no-self
What are the three main traditions or 'vehicles' of Buddhism?
Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana
The term 'buddha' literally means ________ .
'fully enlightened one'
According to the traditional story of the Buddha, what did brahmins predict about his future when he was an infant?
That he would become either a great political ruler or a fully enlightened being
What is the traditional place of the Buddha's enlightenment, now a major pilgrimage site?