Sustainable development is made up of 4 complex systems: the world economy, the global society, the Earth's physical environment, and governance.
In each of these complex systems—economic, social, environmental, and
governance—the special properties of complex systems, such as emergent behavior
and strong, nonlinear dynamics (including booms and busts), are all too apparent.
Complex systems require a certain complexity of thinking as well. It is a mistake
These systems are complex as no one has really made sense as to how these systems should interact, and answer the question of whether or not there is a way to change course and combine economic development with environmental sustainability.