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53 terms

STDS

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stds
infections that can be spread by having sex with another person who has the disease
epidemic
an unusually high occurrence of a disease in a certain place during a certain time period
infertility
the reduced ability to have children
abstinence
the only sure way to protect oneself from acquiring an std
sexual fidelity
married couple only have intercourse with each other
chlamydia
the most common bacterial std in the us
chlamydia
effects 2.8 million people each year
chlamydia
transmitted through sexual contact and from mother to child during birth
chlamydia
females often show no symptoms other than a yellowish vaginal discharge, if untreated it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease
chlamydia
males have symptoms of painful urination and discharge from the penis, if untreated can cause urethritis
chlamydia
easily treated with many antibiotics
trichomoniasis
7.4 million new cases each year
trichomoniasis
a protozoan infection of the urinary tract or vagina
trichomoniasis
symptoms in females are vaginal discharge and pain when urinating, if untreated can lead to vaginitis
trichomoniasis
symptoms in males include painful urination and discharge from the penis, can cause urethritis
trichomoniasis
treatment is prescription meds
gonorrhea
75% of cases ages 15-29
gonorrhea
infection of the urinary tract of males and females and the reproductive organs of females
gonorrhea
bacteria that is highly contagious
gonorrhea
symptoms in females include painful urination and discharge from the vagina or urinary tract, symptoms are mild and may not be noticed
gonorrhea
symptoms in males include thick discharge from the penis and painful urination
gonorrhea
treated with antibiotics, especially penicillin
genital warts
the most common viral std in the us
genital warts
human papilloma virus
genital warts
1 million people diagnosed each year
genital warts
1/272 people have this
genital warts
this virus stays with the person for life
genital warts
symptoms include warts appearing around the genitals one or more months after infections, these may burn or itch
genital warts
these can be surgically removed, the virus stays with the person and can reappear, there is no cure
genital herpes
an incurable viral std which produces painful blisters around the genital area
hsv1
causes cold sores around the mouth
hsv2
causes genital sores
herpes
transmitted through sexual contact including kissing or direct contact with the blisters
herpes
symptoms appear 2-10 days after exposure
herpes
flu like feeling and tingling sensation at the site of infection outbreak of blisters
herpes
treated with medication for the blisters, no cure
syphilis
a bacterial std that progresses through stages
syphilis
transmitted through sexual contact or from mother to baby during pregnancy
primary syphilis
chancre sores appear 1-12 weeks after infection
secondary syphilis
skin rash and flu like feelings 2-8 weeks after the first stage
latent syphilis
symptoms may disappear for years
latent syphilis
bacteria attacks internal organs, such as the brain and heart
late syphilis
untreated can lead to death
syphilis
treated with antibiotics in its early stages, after the second stage it cant be treated
pubic lice and scabies
3 million people in the us
pubic lice and scabies
1/90 people are infected
pubic lice and scabies
infestations of tiny animal parasites that can be sexually transmitted
pubic lice and scabies
tiny insects that infest the hair around the genitals
scabies
results from the infestation of mites
pubic lice and scabies
transmitted through sexual contact and sleeping on/using infested clothing or bedding
pubic lice and scabies
symptoms include itching in the pubic area and rash
pubic lice and scabies
treated with prescription drugs/shampoo
pubic lice and scabies
all clothing and bedding need to be washed in very hot water, dried in a hot dryer, and intend to kill any remaining eggs