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63 terms

Fit for Life Final

Ruth Ozmun
STUDY
PLAY
About _____% of all deaths in the United States are attributable to cardiovascular disease.
32%
According to the risk analysis, _____ seems to be the largest predictor for developing coronary heart disease.
abnormal cholesterol profile
An abnormal cholesterol profile contributes directly to:
atherosclerosis
An increased risk for CHD has been established in people with low levels of:
HDL cholesterol
Homocysteine is:
elevated when B vitamins are low
Type 2 diabetes is:
associated with obesity
Essential hypertension is:
treatable with exercise and diet modification
Cancer results from:
cell control problems
The major contributor to the increased incidence of cancer during the last five decades is_____ cancer.
lung
Cancer is the _______ cause of death for children (1-14) in the United States.
leading
Tobacco use is responsible for an estimated ______ % of all cancer deaths.
30%
An estimated 1 of every _____ men and 1 of every ____ women in the United States will develop cancer.
2;3
Currently, _____ of every 10 people diagnosed with cancer are expected to be alive five years after the initial diagnosis.
6
Phytonutrients are thought to:
prevent carcinogens from binding to DNA
women who walk 3-5 times a week have a _____% lower risk for breast cancer than those who do not walk
50%
As much as ____% of melanoma-related deaths are estimated to be preventable by simple skin self-exam
63%
When stress levels reach mental, emotional, and physiological limits:
diseases may develop
Greater risk for disease has been found in Type ____ individuals, who display anger and hostility
A
Learning to control stress-related body processes not normally under control is called:
biofeedback
____ biofeedback is treating essential hypertension
Progressive muscle relaxation is just as effective as___
Breathing exercises to reduce stress do not include:
rapid breathing
Visual imagery:
uses relaxing visual images.
Meditation requires:
about 15 minutes each session.
The purpose of mediation is not to:
concentrate on the time left in the session.
Yoga exercises have not been successful at treating:
cancer
A chemical compound that forms during the burning of tobacco leaves.
Tar
A greater effect of two or more drugs because they are mixed together.
Synergistic Action
A hallucinogenic drug also known as Ecstasy.
MDMA
A neurotransmitter that affects emotional, mental, and motor functions.
Dopamine
Compulsive and uncontrollable behavior
Addiction
Disease of the heart muscle
Cardiomyopathy
General apathy and loss of interest in the future
Amotivational Syndrome
Loss of control over drinking alcoholic beverages
Alcoholism
Often causes gingivitis and periodontitis
Smokeless tobacco
Where oxygen is added to the blood
alveoli
Inappropriate use of a drug resulting in physical consequences is called drug:
abuse
The most widely used illegal drug in the United States is:
marijuana
Long-term alcohol use does not lead to greater risk for:
lung cancer
The first major report presenting scientific evidence that cigarettes were a major health hazard was released in:
1964
a reckless professional could transmit HIV this way
Tattoo
a weakening of the ability to fight disease
Immunodeficiency
Can be successfully treated with antibiotics
Bacteria
Cannot be successfully treated with antibiotics
Viruses
Chlamydia is the most common one.
STI
Contains HIV but rarely thought to transmit HIV
Teardrops
Means it can be transmitted with direct or indirect contact
Infectious
Not truly an STI, but rather complications from two possible STIs.
PID
Sexually transmitted infections are classified as such in the United States.
Epidemic
The only detection of an HIV infection
Antibody test
Chlamydia:
can damage the reproductive system.
The final stage of HIV infection is the only time you:
are considered to have AIDS
HIV is thought to be transmitted by sharing ______ with an infected person.
open wound fluid
Sexually transmitted infections will be successfully avoided when:
there is no sexual contact.
80 and 73 years, respectively, for women and men
Life Expectancy
A habit based on healthy practices and behavior
Positive Addiction
A way to increase life expectancy
Not sunbathing
A way to reduce life expectancy
Smoking
An improved ability when a 20-year-old becomes more active
Positive Addiction
Established under the NIH to explore alternative medicine
NCCAM
Living with enough physical capacity even near the end of the lifetime
Functional Capacity
Loss of function, not only based on the passing of time.
Aging
Not widely taught in medical schools or practiced in hospitals
Unconventional medicine
Sets standards for fitness facilities and offers personal training certification
ACSM