85 terms

BASEBALL

STUDY
PLAY
at-bat
a turn trying to get a hit the pitched ball with a bat
balk
refuse to comply
base hit
the successful act of striking a baseball in such a way that the batter reaches base safely without being tagged
base on balls
a walking advancment to first base by a batter who receives four balls
baseball card
A card with information and statistics about a baseball player's performance
baseball club
a team of professional baseball players who play and travel together
baseball diamond
the area of a baseball field that is enclosed by 3 bases and home plate
baseball field
the baseball playing field
baseball game
a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs
baseball manager
a coach of baseball players
baseball play
a set of advents or movements executed by a baseball team
baseball player
an athlete who plays baseball
baseball team
a team of players that play baseball
batter
the player with a bat attempting to strike the pitched ball violently and repeatedly
batting average
a measure of a batter's performance
batting order
a list of batters in the order in which they will bat
breaking ball
a pitch of a baseball that is thrown with spin so that its path curves as it approaches the batter
bunt
act of hitting a baseball lightly without swinging the bat
catcher
the position on a baseball team of the player who is stationed behind home plate and who catches the balls that the pitcher throws
center field
the piece of ground in the outfield directly ahead of the catcher
center fielder
the person who plays center field
designated hitter
a ballplayer who is designated to bat in place of the pitcher
double play
the act of getting two players out on one play
doubleheader
two games instead of one
earned run
a run that was not scored as the result of an error by the other team
earned run average (ERA)
a measure of a pitcher's effectiveness
extra innings
overtime play until one team is ahead at the end of an inning; e.g. baseball
fair ball
(baseball) a ball struck with the bat so that it stays between the lines (the foul lines) that define the width of the playing field
farm club
a minor-league team that is owned by a major-league team
fielder
a member of the baseball team that is in the field instead of at bat
fielding average
a measure of a fielder's performance
first base
the base that must be touched first by a base runner in baseball
first baseman
(baseball) the person who plays first base
fly ball
(baseball) a hit that flies up in the air
force play
a putout of a base runner who is required to run
force-out
a putout of a base runner who is required to run
foul ball
(baseball) a ball struck with the bat so that it does not stay between the lines (the foul lines) that define the width of the playing field
foul line
lines that define the width of the playing field
foul out
baseball: hit a ball such that it is caught from an out in foul territory
grand slam
a home run hit with all three bases occupied by base runners ("bases loaded"), thereby scoring four runs—the most possible in one play.
ground ball (grounder)
(baseball) a hit that travels along the ground
home plate
base consisting of a rubber slab where the batter stands
home run
a base hit on which the batter scores a run
infield
the area of a baseball field that is enclosed by 3 bases and home plate
infielder
(baseball) a person who plays a position in the infield
inning
(baseball) one of nine divisions of play during which each team has a turn at bat
left fielder
the person who plays left field
left-handed pitcher
a baseball pitcher who throws the ball with the left hand
line drive
(baseball) a hit that flies straight out from the batter
little league
a commercially sponsored baseball league for players between 8 and 12 years of age
major league
the most important league in any sport (especially baseball)
major-league team
a team that plays in a major league
majors
the most important league in any sport (especially baseball)
minor league
a league of teams that do not belong to a major league
minor-league club
a team that plays in a minor league
minor-league team
a team that plays in a minor league
off-speed pitch
a baseball thrown with little velocity when the batter is expecting a fastball
on base
on first or second or third base
outfield
the area of a baseball playing field beyond the lines connecting the bases
outfielder
(baseball) a person who plays in the outfield
passed ball
a pitch that the catcher should have caught but did not
pinch hitter
(baseball) a substitute for the regular batter
pitcher
(baseball) the person who does the pitching
pitching change
replacing a pitcher in baseball
putout
an out resulting from a fielding play (not a strikeout)
relief pitcher
a pitcher who does not start the game
right fielder
the person who plays right field
right-handed pitcher
(baseball) a pitcher who throws with the right hand
run batted in (RBI)
a run that is the result of the batter's performance
sacrifice fly
a sacrifice made by hitting a long fly ball
second base
the base that must be touched second by a base runner in baseball
second baseman
(baseball) the person who plays second base
shortstop
the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base
shutout
a defeat in a game where one side fails to score
slugger
a batter known for an ability to deliver hard hits
squeeze play
a baseball play in which a runner on third base tries to score as the batter bunts the pitch
starting pitcher
(baseball) a pitcher who starts in a baseball game
strike zone
(baseball) the area over home plate between a batter's knees and shoulders through which a pitch must pass in order to be called a strike
strikeout
an out resulting from the batter getting three strikes
third base
the base that must be touched third by a base runner in baseball
third baseman
(baseball) the person who plays third base
triple play
the act of getting three players out on one play
two-base hit
a base hit on which the batter stops safely at second base
wild pitch
an errant pitch that the catcher cannot be expected to catch and that allows a base runner to advance a base
World Series
series that constitutes the playoff for the baseball championship
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