56 terms

chapter 7 review

the longest mountain range on land
the highest peak on the western hemisphere
Mount Aconcagua
the largest river basin in the world
Amazon basin
the largest rain forest in the world
Amazon rainforest
world's highest waterfall
Angel Falls
people of mixed European and Amerindian
Indian for mountains
Spanish children born in the new world
Simon Bolivar
helped win independence for the Northern Andean countries
Francisco Pizarro
landed in Peru in 1530
an empire
El Nino
when an abnormally warm current flows into the cool waters surrounding Ecuador and Peru before moving northward along the Pacific coasts of the Americas.
One of the earliest empires in the Americas
Pedro Cabral
Portuguese naval commander who discovered Brazil
Chaco War
Parugay fought against Bolivia in the 1930s
Galapagos Islands
an archipelago of volcanic islands famed for there wildlife.
Lake Maracaibo
The lake is connected to the gulf by a narrow strait
low,grassy plains in northern south America
Cuquenan Falls
South American waterfall that has the longest single drop in the world.
an important river in Northern South America
highest active volcano in the world
river in South America believed to be the main source of the Amazon River.
a high Plateau which lies between South America's Cordillera Occidental and Cordillera Oriental
Rio Parana
an important river of eastern South America
Guiana Highlands, Brazilians Highlands
mountainous South American tableland extending from eastern Venezuela to Northern Brazil.
Iquacu Falls
the convergence of Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay
a port city in the Amazon Basin
Devil's Island
Political prisoners were kept here in terrible conditions.
Tierra Del Fuego
an archipelago at the southern tip of South America.
a cold wide swept plateau of the pampas
a desert area in South America
a temperate grassland in the south-central South America.
What body of water separates south america from Antarctica?
Identify the largest river in the world. How long is it ?
Nile. 4,187 miles
What factors have influenced Columbia's political history ?
Political instability, drug trafficking, guerrilla warfare
Most of Ecuador's population are descendants of what indigenous people?
Quechua Indians
which northern Andean country has an extensive fishing industry?
What is the highest commercially navigable lake in the world? Where is it located?
Lake titicaca.Peru and Bolivia Border
Which South American country has two capitals?
What South American capitol was designed to draw people into the continent's interior?
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil is the world's largest producer of what agricultural crop?
Which modern South American country used to be a crown colony of the British empire?
What is the name of the southernmost location of the south American continent?
Cape Horn
Argentina has fought the United Kingdom over control of what islands?
Falkan Islands
What is the dominant religion of South America?
Roman Catholic
Santa Marta
Columbia's oldest settlement
Machi Picchu
well preserved mountain city
the ancient Inca capital
Rio de Janiro
a tourist destination in South America
oldest permanent European settlement in South America.
Sao Paulo
Brazil's largest city
Explain the importance of the line of demarcation on the development of South America?
It helped the countries to not fight over land and helped the colonies grow.
How was the Inca empire influential in the shaping the pre-Columbian culture of the Northern Andes
They helped build the civilization up and made the culture what it is
How have environmentalist attempted to make a crisis out of the Amazon rain forest
They say that it is endangered and cutting down the trees are bad.
Explain the difference between the way that the Spanish colonies earned their freedom from the way the non-Spanish colonies received their independence
The spainish colonies were liberated and the non were fought for independance