28 terms

Earth Science Camp Words #2

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Refining
Separating crude oil mainly into gasoline and heating oil.
Relief
The three-dimensional shape of the land.
Reservoir
A storage area for fresh-water supplies.
Rock
A naturally formed solid in the crust made up of one or more minerals.
Rock Cycle
Rocks changing from one form into another in a never-ending series of processes.
Runoff
Precipitation that falls into rivers and streams.
Sedimentary Rock
A rock made of bits of matter joined together.
Smog
A mixture of smoke and fog.
Soil
A mixture of weathered rock, decayed plant and animal matter (humus), living things, air, and water.
Spring
A place where groundwater seeps out of the ground.
Subduction
The sliding of a denser ocean plate under another plate when they collide.
Topographic Map
A map that shows features of Earth's surface as a pattern of lines.
Transform Fault
Boundaries where tectonic plates slide past each other.
Volcano
A vent in the crust where steam and lava reach the surface.
Water Cycle
The continuous movement of water between Earth's surface and the air, changing from liquid to gas to liquid.
Water Table
The top of the water filled spaces in the ground.
Well
A hole dug below the water table that water seeps into.
Analyze
Separating anything into its part to find out what it is made of and how it is put together.
Classify
To place materials that share properties together in groups.
Collect Data
Put together all useful information.
Communicate
Share information.
Draw Conclusions
Put together in a statement all the facts you have learned.
Evidence
Clues used to solve a problem.
Hypothesis
A guess or if...then statement that can be answered clearly in an experiment or tested by observations.
Identify
Name or recognize.
Observe
Use one or more of the senses to identify or learn about an object or event.
Predict
State possible results of an event or experiment.
Variable
One of the changes in a situation that may affect the outcome of an experiment.
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