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518 terms

Harrison English 12 Vocab. All of it.

Yup. All of it.
STUDY
PLAY
use, uti
useful
der: utility, useful
ven(t)
come, arrive
der: advent
vert, vers
turn
der: revert, advertise
vid, vis
see
der: visor, provident
vict, vinc
to conquer, prove
der: victory
accrue
to increase, accumulate, gain
ant: to lose
amenity
pleasant, attractive, agreeable
ant: bland
misanthrope
hating mankind
ant: philanthropic
raiment(s)
clothing garments
ant: exposed, to be without clothing
bucolic
rustic, countryside or its people
ant: urban
allay
to relieve
ant: to burden
cacophonous
having a harsh sound
ant: melodious
moribund
dying, about to die
ant: about to be born, expecting
temporize
to postpone a decision
ant: precipitate a decision
colloquial
conversational, informal
ant: formal language
aphasia
unable to comprehend language
ant: to understand, comprehend
cynosure
serving as a guide, focus, center
ant: hindrance
vulpine
resembling a fox, sly, cunning
ant: clumsy, conspicuous
languish
become weak, vigor-less
ant: to be strong, energetic
comport
to act in a particular manner
ant: to be uncivilized, discourteous
assiduous
diligent, active, constant
ant: negligent, lazy, casual
desiccate
arid, dull
ant: lively, effervescent
perspicacious
aware, keen, discerning
ant: incompetent
vituperate
rebuke, berate
ant: comment, extol
contingency
uncertainty, possibility
ant: certainty, assurance
captious
marked by a disposition to find and point out trivial faults, entrap
ant: agreeable
emanate
arise, issue forth
ant: terminate
posit
presume, postulate
ant: fair, objective
diaphanous
transparent
ant: opaque
complacent
self-satisfied, pleased
ant: worried, concerned
complaisant
showing a desire or willingness to please
ant: uncaring
propinquity
proximity, nearness
ant: distance, far away
expunge
to erase or strike out
ant: add, include
ductile
easily molded or shaped
ant: inflexible, unyielding
concomitant
companion, mate
ant: mate
importune
plead, urge, question
ant: ignore
refectory
cafeteria
ant: classroom
unadulterated
pure, virginal
ant: contaminated
equanimity
composure, sangfroid
ant: fluster, anxiety
contravene
violate, breach
ant: protect
tutelage
guardianship, protection, instruction
ant: ignorance
salacious
lustful, carnal
ant: chaste,moral
immanent
inherent
ant: developing
imminent
impending, approaching
ant: dormant, distant, far away
dictum
authoritative, often formal pronouncement, declaration
ant: informal lecture
abeyance
condition of being temporarily set aside, suspension
ant: continuance, revival
obeisance
attitude of deference, honor, loyalty
ant: insubordination
incorporeal
intangible
ant: tangible
exhume
to remove from a grave
ant: bury
discrete
separate, distinct, unique
ant:connected, common
discreet
modest, prudent, judicious
ant: discordant, strident, harsh
jurisprudence
having to do with decision making, judgments, law
ant: anarchy, without law or judgment
redolent
aromatic, fragrant, sweet smelling
ant: pungent, stinky, smelly, acrid
educe
to draw out, evoke, elicit, derive
ant: cover up, hide, mask
preempt
to arrogate, seize, take, usurp, occupy
ant: release, give, support
subterfuge
trick, ruse, ploy, deception
ant: genuine, direct, honest
miscegenation
mixed race marriage
ant: marriage within the same race
unwonted
unusual, unique, special, atypical
ant: common, customer, regular
redundancy
repetitious, prolix, verbose, pleonastic, long-winded, verbosity
ant: direct, succinct, brief
abjure
to denunce under oath
ant: to endorse, or suport, to concur
tenacious
committed, unyielding, mulishness, obstinacy, doggedness, pertinacity
ant: compliant, yielding, tractable, docile
nefarious
markedly evil, wicked
ant: kind, caring, helpful, gentle
phlegmatic
slow, lethargic, listless, stolid, unresponsive, impassive
ant: energetic, lively, emotional, responsive
exigency
emergency, compelling, dire, imperative, urgent, pressing, demanding, onerous, formidable
ant: trivial, inconsequential, minor, trigling, marginal, negligble
adjudicate
to judge, determine, arbitrate, referee, umpire
ant: bystander, undecided, neutral, ambivalent
undulant
wave-like, serpentine, sway
ant: straight, direct, rigid
peripatetic
nomadic, wandering, roving, walking
ant: planted, unmoving, stationary, rooted
emolument
payment, compensation, fee, remuneration, stipend, wage, salary
ant: debt
refulgent
shining, radiating, effulgent, lambent, lucent, luminous, brilliant
ant: dull, lackluster, dreary, tedious, boring, muted, faded, insipid, obtuse
amnesty
pardon, reprieve, forgiveness
ant: damned, condemned
visage
face, countenance, surface, facade, mug, features
ant: back
peruse
to examine carefully, scrutinize, evaluate
ant: skim, scan, browse
pontificate
to preach, dogmatic, officious, sound off, grandstand
ant: liberal, flexible, laissez-faire, freethinking
wizened
wrinkled
ant: plump, full, smooth
philanthropy
altruistic, benevolent, charitable
ant: egocentric, unconcerned, selfish, nastiness, wicked, evil
abstruse
difficult, obscure, perplexing, complex, mysterious
ant: simple, pedestrian, sophomoric
postprandial
after dinner
ant: aperitif, appetizer, before dinner
extirpation
annihilation, eradication, extermination, liquidation, obliteration
ant: protection
nubile
marriageable, eligible
ant: ineligible, off the market, divorced
benefactor
patron, sponsor, backer, supporter
ant: malefactor, villain, imp, scoundrel
asperity
severity, brusqueness, curtness
ant: softness gentleness, quietness
pusillanimous
cowardly, timid, spineless
ant: brave, valiant, brazen, machismo
iconoclast
a destroyer of religion
ant: zealot, supporter, patron
foist
pass off as genuine, dupe, trick
ant: real genuine
castigate
slander, lie about someone
ant: tell the truth about someone
remonstrance
protest, to block, counter
ant: support, endorse
incursion
to invade
ant: to defend
exonerate
forgive, free from guilt
ant: condemn
complicity
accomplice, share in responsibility
ant: unconnected
decimate
to wipe out completely, destroy
ant: create
sedulous
sexually attractive, seductive, sleazy
ant: modest, demur, timid
magniloquent
great speaker, fluent, articulate
ant: mute, quiet, inarticulate
fractious
grumpy, grouchy, irritable, truculent
ant: calm, even tempered, happy
conjugal
relating to marriage
ant: single, divorced
desuetude
state of disuse, retired, antiquated
ant: used, working, productive, new
specious
false, erroneous, baseless, fallacious, unfounded, phony, spurious
ant: genuine, sincere, accurate, founded, valid, correct
miscreant
a troublemaker, imp, rascal, gremlin
ant: benefactor, helpmate, helper
ignominious
dishonorable, humiliating, shameful
ant: proud, prideful, honorable
credulous
gullible, naive, trusting, innocent
ant: shrewd, suspecting, critical
enervate
to sap energy, drain, exhaust
ant:enliven, bolster, support
diffident
shy, demur, timid, reticent, unobtrusive, self-effacing
ant: outgoing, extroverted
perjury
to lie under oath
ant: to tell the truth
impecunious
poor, lacking
ant: rich, plenary, full
indignant
angry, resentful, incensed, annoyed
ant: pleasant
indigent
poor, lacking, impecunious
ant: rich, wealthy, posh
indigenous
native to a region, original, aboriginal, home-grown, local
ant: foreign
plethora
many, excess, overabundance, surfeit, glut, superfluity
ant: lacking, paucity, poor, without
interdict
veto, prohibition, bar, injunction, embargo, sanction, remonstrance
ant: endorse, support, back approval
disinter
to dig up, uncover, expose
ant: cover, bury, unexposed
meretricious
insincere, vulgar, relating to or resembling a prostitute, sleazy
ant: modest, demure, proper, prudish, upright
tenet
credo, belief, theory, ideology, view
ant: disbelief
predilection
penchant, partiality, fondness
ant: distaste, dislike, disdain
permeate
infiltrate, pervade, flood, fill, saturate
ant: empty, devoid
efficacious
effective, working
ant: ineffective, useless
opprobrium
a state of shame, disgraceful, ignominy
ant: shameless, full of grace
venal
corruptible, open to bribery, vacillating
ant: strong, resolute, stalwart
venial
easily excused, pardonable, forgivable
ant: unforgivable, unpardonable
misogyny
hatred toward women
ant: love of women
overt
obvious, unconcealed, explicit, blatant
ant: covert, clandestine, hidden
absolve
forgive
ant: condemn, damn
vociferous
loud, raucous, strident, volubile, noisy
ant: quiet, mute, silent
querulous
argumentative, prone to fighting, truculent
ant: compliant, contented, amiable, cordial
obsequious
willing compliance, servile, fawning
ant: obstinate, assertive
puissant
power, might, strength
ant: weak, cowardly
admonitory
scolding, castigate, vituperate
ant: praise, support, extol, commend, congratulate, eulogize
acuity
keenness, acumen, insight
ant: dullness
obsequies
funeral rites/rituals
ant: birth rites/rituals
perquisite
bonus, perk, gratuity, freebie
ant: debt, charge
surrogate
substitute
ant: original
anodyne
soothing agent
ant: irritant
morass
mess, quagmire, tangle, knot, chaos
ant: sorted, organized, structured
superannuated
very old, retired, state of disuse
ant: young, vibrant, lively, useful
poignant
emotionally painful, wrenching, turbulent, difficult
ant: easy, painless, smooth
wreak
to inflict, induce, cause
ant: withhold, stop, ease
apposite
appropriate, apt, relevant, suitable, pertinent
ant: irrelevant, inappropriate
chary
wary, skittish, suspicious, mindful
ant: trusting, lacking discretion
munificent
generous, liberal, magnanimous, bountiful
ant: tight-fisted, cheap, miserly
prodigal
wasteful, wayward, wild
ant: frugal, obedient, modest
cognoscenti
a person of marked intelligence
ant: a dullard, an idiot, stupid, obtuse, dense, thick
benignant
kind-hearted, nice, considerate
ant: rude, inconsiderate, boorish
demur
object, protest, balk, reluctant, showing doubt
ant: agree, inclined, eager
demure
shy, modest, decorous, reserved, diffident
ant: bold, outgoing, brash
recant
to take back, withdraw, balk, repudiate, retract, revoke
ant: avow, endorse
plenary
ample, many, full, complete
ant: empty, devoid, few
cognition
to know, recognize, understand
ant: clueless, lacking understanding or knowledge
ebullient
bubble, effervescent, energetic
ant: depressed, draining, sad
tortuous
twisted, meandering, winding, circuitous, labyrinthine
ant: straight, aligned, direct, focused
sacrosanct
sacred, holy, consecrated, sanctified
ant: secular
husbandry
managing a farm or livestock, economical, careful management or resources, economy
ant: wasteful, careless, mismanagement
renege
to take back, break a promise
ant: to keep a promise
exacerbate
to irritate, make worse, antagonize
ant: to ease, soften, relieve, sooth
voluble
loud, talkative, strident
ant: quiet, whispering
sensuous
opulent, rich, luxurious, sumptuous
ant: ascetic, uncomfortable, stark
calumny
slander, defamation, denigration, lie, slur, smear
ant: compliment, truth
contiguous
touching, related
ant: unrelated
niggling
negligible, nugatory, paltry, picayune, petty, piddling, trifling
ant: important, consequential, influential, significant
ambient
surrounding
ant: focused
surfeit
surplus, plenary
ant: shortage
explicate
explain, elucidate, clarify, expound
ant: confound, confuse
meliorate
to improve, amend, modernize, restructure, remodel
ant: break
paucity
poor, penniless
ant: rich
blandishment
flattery, complimentary
ant: insult
tangential
touching
ant: disjointed, unconnected
germane
relevant, useful, connected
ant: irrelevant
dilatory
slow, tardy, remiss, slack, negligent
ant: responsible, timely
accede
to agree, assent, consent, comply
ant: reject
concatenation
linked
ant: disjointed, unconnected
truculent
argumentative, prone to fighting
ant: agreeable
imbibe
to drink, to take in, absorb
ant: dehydrated, dry
disparage
to insult, harangue
ant: praise
adumbrate
to hint, imply
eclectic
varied, assortment, catholic
ant: uniform, singular
veracity
truth
ant: lie
incipient
embryonic, budding, initial, developing, early
ant: late
egress
to exit, door, outlet
ant: entrance
anomaly
an unusual event, glitch, incongruity, abnormality
ant: normal, usual, common
felicitous
fortunate, lucky, blessed
ant: unfortunate
abrogate
annul, dismiss, denounce
ant: endorse, support, bind
intransigent
inflexible, stubborn, obdurate
ant: flexible, pliable, accomodate
exhortation
catchphrase, refrain, buzz word
ant: in depth explanation
ascribe
to attribute to, credit, attribute
ant: to discredit, plagiarize
inure
grow accustomed to unpleasant situations
ant: unaccustomed, unable to endure
acro
top, a point
acropolis, acronyms
act
to act, to do
activate, actor
aer
air
aerate, aeronautics
alb
white
Album, Albion
am
love
amorous
ample
large, wide
ample
anim
mind, soul
animal
ann
year
annual
archy
rule
anarchy
astro
star
astrological
athl
prize
athlete
aud
hear
auditorium
bat
to beat
batter, battalion
bell
war
rebellion
bibli, biblio
book, scroll
Bible, bibliography
bio
life
biology
cad, cas, cid
to fall
accident, cascade
cal, cha
hot, warm
calorie, charing, Calvin
cal, chal
to deceive
calumny, challenger
cam, cham
vault
chamber, camera
cant, chant
to sing
recant, chants
cap (Capire)
to take
captive, captivate
cap (Caput)
head
captain, capital
cen
to judge, assess
census, censure
chron
time
chronos, chronology
cide
killing
infanticide, patricide
cit, civ
citizen
city, civics
clam
to shout
clamor, exclaim
clos, clued, clus
to end, to shut
close, conclude
cor
heart
cordial, coronary
corp
body
corpse, corporation
cosm
world, order, universe
cosmos
cred
believe
credible, credit
crit
to distinguish, separate
critique, critic
cur(s)
to run
current, curriculum
cycl
cycle, wheel
cycling
de
god
deity
derma
skin
dermatologist, pachydermatous
dic(t)
to say speak
diction, dictate
doc
to teach
doctor
domin
master
dominion, dominate
dox
to seem, to think
orthodox, dogma
duc
to lead
aqueduct, ductile
dur
hard, continual
endure, duress
dys
ill
dysfunctional
ego
i
egotist, egocentric
endo
within
endothermic
equi
equal
equal
eu
good, well
euphoric, euphony
exo
out of, outside
exoskeleton, exit
fac, fic
make, do
manufacture
fer(ous)
bearing, pro ducting
coniferous, vociferous
fid
faith, trust
fidelity, confidential
flect, flex
bend
flexible, inflection
fort
luck
fortune
fract
break
fracture
frat
brother
fraternity
gam(y)
marriage
monogamy
geo
earth
geology
gnor, cogn, noti
to know
cognoscenti, notice
gnos
to know
gnosis, gnostics
graph
write
calligraphy, graph
grat
thank, favor
gratis, grateful
gress, grad
to step, to walk, to go
regress, gradual
hetero
different
heterossexual
homo
same
homosexual
hostil
enemy, stranger
hostile, hostilities
hyper
over, above
hypersensitive
hypo
under
hypothermic
jeal, zeal
ardor
jealous, zealot
ject
throw
project, eject
join, junct
to join
conjoined, adjunct
jur, jus
to swear
conjured, perjure
juv
young
juvenile, rejuvenate
lat
carried
ablated, collateral
lev
to lighten, life, raise
levity, relevance
lingu
tongue, language
linguist, linguini
litho
stone
lithograph
loc
place
location
loca
to place
locate
logos
word
analogous, syllogism
logy
science, study
biology, sociology
loqu (loc)
speak
eloquence
luc
light
elucidate, lucent
luc, lum
shine, light
illuminate, luminary
luna
moon
lunacy, lunar
macro
large, long
macrophages
man (manere)
to remain
permanently, mansion
man (manus)
hand
manual, manuscript
mand, mandate
order, command
mandatory, mandate
mand, mandat
order
mandatory
micro
small
microcosm
mis
hate
misanthrope
mis(s)
send
transmit
mon(it)
warn
monitor
mono
one
mononucleosis
morph
form
metamorphosis
mort
death
immortal
omni
all
omnipotent
ov, ovi
egg
ovary
pac, pax
peace
pacify
par
to give birth
parents, postpartum
pat
father
paternal
path
suffering
pathology
pecus
cattle, property
pecuniary, impecunious
ped (pais)
child
pediatric
ped (pes)
foot
pedal
pend, pond, pens
weigh
ponder, pensive
phil
loving
philanthropy
photo
light
photography
phobia, phobe
fear
hydrophobia
pius
devoted
pious, piety
pneum
air, breath, spirit
pneumonia, pneumatics
pod
foot
arthropod, podiatrist
poly
many
polyglot
port
carry
portage
pos(it)
prove
postiive
prehend
seize, grasp
apprehend
pul, pel
to drive
compulsive, expel
quaerere
to seek
quandary, question
qual
of what kind
quality
quant
how many
quantity
quar
four
quarter
qui
rest
quiet
quot
how many
quota
ras
to scrape
rash, abrasion
radi
a root
radish, eradicate
rex, red, roy
king
regal, royalty
rid, ris
to laugh
ridicule, risible
rod, ros
to gnaw
rodent, erosive
rogare
ask
interrogate
rupt
break
interrupt
sal, sult, xult
to leap, spring forward
insult, salacious, exult
salu
health
salute, salubrious
sal
safe
salvation, salve
sang
blood
sanguine
sav
to taste, to be wise
savory, savant
scal
ladder
scale, escalator
scen(d)
to climb, leap
ascend, ascent
sci
to know
science
scrib, script
to write
scribble, script
secut, sequ
follow
sequence
sed, sess, sid
to sit, settle
session, reside
senex, sen
old, old man
senator, senior
sent, sense
feel
sense, sensitive
sign
mark, seal, sign
signet, designate
simul, sembl
at the same time
resemble, similar
sol
alone, sun
solitary, solar
soph
wise
philosopher, sophomoric
solu, solv
to loosen
solvent, solution
son, sound
sound
sonnet, consonant
spect
look
inspect
spir
to breathe
spirt
spond, spons
to pledge
sponsor, respond
stinct, stingu
to quench, pierce
instinct, distinct
string, strict
to bind, draw tight
restrict, stringent
stru, struct
to to build
construct, instruct
tacit
to be silent
taciturn, tacit
tact, tang
to touch
tangent
tard
slow
retard, tardy
techn
art, craft, skill
technician, technical
temper
to regulate
temperature, temperate
temp
time
temporary, tempo
therm
warm
thermos, thermal
ten (tenedere)
to stretch
extent, tendon
ten (tenere)
to hold
tenacious
terr(a)
earth
territory
tomy
to cut
tonsillectomy
tort
twist
contort
und
wave
undulate, abound
vac, voic
to be empty
vacuous, vacant
vari
crooked, speckled
various, variants
ver
true
veracity, very
viv
live
vivacious
voc, vok
to call, voice
avocation, evocative
abstract
a summary of an article or souce document
accent
emphasis on a syllable or word
acronym
a word formed from the initials of other words
acrostic poem
a poem in which the first letter or each line forms a name or motto
ad hominem argument
an argument appealing to emotion
Alexandrine
English verse in iambic hexameter
allegory
a work that functions on a symbolic level, an extended metaphor
alliteration
repetition of sounds within a line
Allusion
Reference to a well-known person, place, thing or idea
autobiography
an author who writes about his or her own life
Anachronism
an event, object, custom, person or thing that is out of its natural order in time
anadiplosis
the last word of a line is used as the first word of the next line
anagram
word of phrase formed by rearranging letters of another word or phrase
analogy
a comparison of similar things; uses something familiar to describe something unfamiliar
Gasoline is to cars as food is to people
anapest
metrical foot consisting of 3 syllables, two unaccented and one accented
anaphora
repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning or successive verses, clauses or paragraphs
We came, we saw, we conquered
antagonist
the character who works against the main character
antecedent
the word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun
antithesis
the presentation of two contrasting images that are balanced by word, phrase, clause or paragraphs
aphorism
a brief statement that makes a wise observation of life
apostrophe
addresses an absent, imaginary, or dead person, or a personified abstract
aside
dialogue not heard by other actors on stage
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
ballad
narrative poetry that presents a single, violent or tragic event often put to music
beat poetry
counterculture, protest poetry of the late 40s and 50s
biography
a factual book of a person's life
blank verse
unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
burns stanza
six-line stanzas with a set rhyme scheme of aaabab
cadence
rhythmic, balanced blow of lines
caesura
break in the flow in a verse used for dramatic effect
canto
a major division of a long poem
caricature
a picture or description that exaggerates features in a comic way
colloquialism
use of slang in speech or writing
comic relief
a humorous character or scene used to contract with tragic elements of a work that intensifies the tragic elements
conceit
a surprising analogy between dissimilar objects
connotation
an implied meaning of a word
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds
couplet
two consecutive lines with the final words that rhyme
dactyl (dactylic)
metrical foot with one stressed and two unstressed accents
denotation
direct meaning of a word
denouement
the final outcome or resolution of a story or play
dialog(ue)
conversation between characters
didactic
text that teaches or moralizes
diction
the author's choice of words
dramatic monologue
a single character reveals a dramatic situation to a silent listener
dramatic poetry
a poem that reveals a dramatic situation
dynamic character
a person that changes significantly thoguhtouht a story
elegy
a poem that laments a deceased person
ellison
a segment of a text or word that has been deleted
emblematic verse
symbolic verse
empathy
putting yourself in someone else's place
enjambment
the running over of a sentence from one of poetry to another line
epic
a long narrative poem about a heroic figure
epiphany
a sudden understanding that causes a change in behavior
epithet
a word or phrase used in place or a person's name, it is a characteristic of the person
epigram
a clever, concise and often times satiric statement
epigraph
the use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at the theme
epitaph
a commemorative inscription on a grave stone
ethos
disposition or fundamental values specific to a person culture or movement
euphemism
substitution of a mild term for an offensive one
exaggeration
overstatement, hyperbole
fable
a short narrative making a cautionary or moralistic point
fairy tale
a fanciful tale of legendary deeds and creatures, usually intended for children
farce
literature based on humorous and improbable plot
feminine ending
an extra unstressed syllable at the end of a line of verse
figurative language
literary devices used to create a special effect or feeling by making an interesting comparison
flashback
returning to an earlier time in a story
foil
someone who serves as a contrast to another character
foot
the smallest repeated pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
foreshadowing
hints or clues or what is to come in a story
fragment
a sentence that lacks a subject, verb or complete thought
free verse
no regular meter or rhyme
genre
a type of literary work
georgic verse
a poem considering farming or rural life
gothic novel
a type of fiction characterized by gloomy settings, supernatural and frightful events
haiku
a Japanese poetic form containing three lines with 5,7,5 syllables
Harlem Renaissance
artistic work produced by Black Americans in the 1920s
Heroic couplet
a pair of rhyming iambic pentameter lines with end rhymes
homily
a sermon, or moralizing lecture
hyperbole
exaggeration
hubris
pride, insolence, that leads to the fall or the hero
iamb(ic)
a metrical foot consisting of two syllables one unstressed and one stressed
imagery
sensory details or figurative language used to describe and arouse emotion
impressionism
the recording of events based on the impression of the narrator
infer(ence)
general conclussions drawn from details of a text but not implicitly stated
in medias res
in the middle or a narrative text
internal rhyme
words within a line rhyme
irony
the opposite of what is expected happens, is stated or is implied
invective
a direct denunciation or name calling
kenning
a metaphoric compound word of phrase used as a replacement for a noun
letter poem
a poem in the form or a letter
limerick
a nonsense verse of five lines with a rhyme scheme of aabba
list poem
a poem written as a list
lyric poetry
a short personal poem expressing a poet's emotions rather than events
malapropism
a pun or play on words that results when someone mistakes one word for another
masculine ending
ending a line with a single stressed syllable
metaphor
an analogy where two different things are compared, reads like a statement of fact
meter
pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in a line or poetry
metonymy
substituting a name or a related object for another object
motif
an often repeated idea or theme in literature
muse
a real or mythological person that inspires a writer to write
myth
a fictitious talke expelling the origin of life, supernatural or natural events religion or the live of heroes
narrative poetry
a poem that tells a story
nonsense verse
a playful or static work heavily dependent on sound and meter
nursery rhyme
short rhyme for kids that tell stories and teach sound patterns
octave
stanza of eight lines
ode
a lyric poem marked by celebration of an object, person or event
onomatopoeia
natural sounds are imitated in the spelling of a word
oxymoron
contradictory words are used to intensify meaning
palinode
an ode that recants a pervious poem
parable
a short descriptive story with a moral
paradox
a contradictory statement
parallelism
words, phrases or clause that are equal parts or speech
parody
a comedy that makes fun or another story or genre
pathos
literature that evokes sympathy
pathetic fallacy
giving human characteristics to nature
peripeteia
a sudden reversal in circumstances
personification
giving human characteristics to things that are not human
picaresque novel
a novel which consists of lengthy string of loosely connected events
poetic justice
a term that describes a character that gets what he deserves at the end of a story
prosody
the study of metrical structures of verse
prosthesis
the addition of letters at the beginning of a word
psalm
a religious text put to music
pseudonym
a false name or a "pen name" or an author
pun
a play on words that has a comic effect
quatrain
a group of four lines of verse
quest
a long journey of a hero
quintilla
a group of five lines of verse
rap
a modern form of rhyming music indicative to African American culture
realism
literature that attempts to show life as it is
refrain
a regularly occurring phrase of chorus
Renaissance
rebirth, period following the Middle Ages 15-16th centuries
repetition
lines that are duplicated to reinforce the thematic importance
rhetoric
the study of how words are used to communicate meaning
rhetorical question
a question used to invoke thought
rime riche
homonyms
rune, runic verse
poems of mysterious significance
sarcasm
a cutting remark intended to hurt
satire
a literary device that attacks human vices through irony and wit
soliloquy
a dramatic monologue
sonnet
a 14 line poem
shakespearean sonnet
3 quatrains, 1 couplet iambic pentameter abab cdcd efef gg
italian sonnet
1 octave 1 sestet abbaabba cdccdc or cdcdcd
slapstick
a form of low comedy
spiritual
a song developed by slaves used to communicate secret information
static character
a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
stanza
a division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains
stichic
a poem that is not divided into stanzas
stream of consciousness
a style of writing in which the thoughts and feelings of the writer are recorded as they occur
surrealism
a type of literature that stresses the importance of dreams, irrational thought, free association, startling imagery or strange juxtapositions
symbol
a person, place, thing or event that represents something else
syllogism
a three step logical process
synecdoche
a figure of speech where part of something represents the whole
syntax
the order of words in a sentence that influences meaning
theme
the main theme or point of a selection
tone
the overall feeling or effect created but the author's use of words
tragedy
a literary work where the hero is destroyed by some character flaw or forces beyond his control
transcendentalism
a philosophy that requires human beings to go beyond reason in their search for truth. It assumes that an individual can arrive at the basic truths or life through spiritual insight if he or she take the time to think seriously
understatement
a literary device used to intentionally highlight the opposite of what is stated
verse
a metric line of poetry
villanelle
a 19 line poem with 5 tercets and a final quatrain