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Radius

a segment whose endpoints are at the center of the circle and on the circle

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Chord

a segment whose endpoints are points on the circle

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Diameter

a chord that passes through the center of the circle (the longest chord in a circle)

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Secant

a line that intersects the circle in exactly two points

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Tangent

a line that intersects the circle at exactly one point

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Concentric Circles

circles on the same plane that have a common center

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Central Angle

an angle with its vertex at the center of the circle

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Arc

an unbroken part of a circle, any two points on a circle are the endpoints of the arc between them

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Minor Arc

an arc measuring less than 180º; minor arcs are named using the arc's endpoints with an arched hat; the measure of a minor arc is equal to the endpoints of its central angle

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Major Arc

an arc measuring more than 180º, but less than 360º; major arcs are named for the endpoints and a point between them; the measure of a major arc is equal to 360º minus the measure of its minor arc

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Semicircle

an arc whose endpoints are on a diameter of the circle; a semicircle also uses three letter notation; a semicircle measures 180º

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Adjacent Arcs

two arcs in the same circle with exactly one point in common (an endpoint)

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Intercepted Arc

the arc formed by intersecting an angle with a circle (the arc cut off by an angle)

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Inscribed Angle

an angle whose vertex is on the circle and whose sides are chords of the circle

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