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eukaryotic organisms that are unicellular, or they are multicellular without specialized tissues (the odds and ends group)
multicellular organisms with cell walls that get their food through decomposing other organisms
is a specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function, such as the endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi body
different from animal cells in that their cells contain chloroplasts, a large vacuole, and a cell wall
organized structure of DNA and protein found in cells. It is a single piece of coiled DNA containing many genes. Humans have 2 sets of 23 chromosomes.
is a mode of reproduction by which offspring come from a single parent, and inherit the genes of that parent only
is the creation of a new organism by combining the genetic material of two organisms
are organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms, like herbivores and predators, decomposers are heterotrophic
The atom is a basic unit of matter that consists of a dense, central nucleus surrounded by a cloud of negatively charged electrons
two or more atoms from different elements that are chemically bonded with a chemical formula
has definite unique chemical properties (melting point, boiling point), and has a specific formula that can be written
is a material system made up by two or more different substances which are mixed together but are not combined chemically.
is when a liquid begins to change into a gas, can be sued to identify what the substance is
of a solid is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid, can be used to identify what the substance is
results in the temperature of something, the more thermal energy, the higher the temperature, which means the move active the molecules and the less dense the substance
is the process of weathering and transport of solids (sediment, soil, rock and other particles) in the natural environment or their source and deposits them elsewhere. It usually occurs due to transport by wind, water, or ice
The lithosphere is broken up into what are called "tectonic plates". The lithospheric plates ride on the mantle. These plates move in relation to one another at one of three types of plate boundaries.
the layer of gases that surrounds the Earth, the further out you travel the fewer molecules and therefore the less dense the atmosphere
a huge group of single stars, star systems, star cluster, dust, and gas bound together by gravity
A planet is a body that is in orbit around a sun, has enough self-gravity to remain a sphere, AND has cleared the neighborhood on which it orbits (is in control of its orbit)
the forces the pulls objects toward each other- like dropping objects falling towards the ground on earth or the sun's gravity pulling the earth into an orbit
the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion- the more mass an object has the more inertia it has
the movement of an object around another object - like the moon's revolution around the Earth
the path of an object as it revolves around another object in space- like the path the moon takes as it moves in its revolution around the Earth
4 small, dense, and rocky surfaced planets often called the terrestrial planets- Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars)
often called the gas giants, they are much larger and more massive than Earth and they do not have solid surfaces
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